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Education in the 1930s
Transcript of Education in the 1930s
1930s Scott Cao
Jing Hu Education of African American and Whites Dick and Jane Books EDUCATION FOR
BLACKS UNFAIR TREATMENT Teacher's Salary Lack of Money In Halifax County, North Carolina the
Estimated Values for..
White Schools: $54,000
Black Schools: $176,000 Louisa County, Virginia In 1931, a series of books called the "Dick and Jane
Books" were published. It taught many kids how to read
by introducing one new word per page. They also had a limited amount of vocabulary in each book. "Dick and Jane" was created by Zerna Sharp, A consultant for publisher Scott Foresman, Sharp believed that kids would learn how to read faster if they watched illustrations with words so they have a visual representation of the meaning of the words. Goal of Learning • During this time, a new teacher only got $40 a month in a five month school period. In a Rural county in Arkansas, when one school had to start charging tuition to keep the school going, a number of kids had to drop school, however, one farmer was able to strike a deal with the school In return for letting the farmer’s four children go to school, the farmer provided needed fueling for the potbellies stove in the classroom.
This type of trading in towns where the economy is very poor. •Because of the shortage of money during the 1930s, people didn’t pay taxes. As a result, the schools didn’t get sufficient money, so they had to find other ways to keep schools running. •People also couldn’t afford things such as supplies, school clothing, and textbooks.
• Only 16 out of 116 Alabama schools systems fully paid teachers in 1932. In Wiston County teachers went an entire year without pay.
• School remained open by local businesses. •During the great depression in 1930s, some school districts
couldn’t pay their teachers so many students who were in
different grades studied with one teacher together. The environment
for studying or teaching is really hard. The dust, snow, rain, heat or
cold made it more difficult . Money Provided by
School Boards: Black White $15 $80 Percent allowed
to enroll in
school: 19% 100% White School Black School White School Buildings that were no longer in use were converted to schools for African American Students. Why Blacks Got a Worse Education: They Challenged White Supremacy Harsh Conditions: Chronically Underfunded
"The white teachers never explain the work to us. Sometimes they call us stupid." - Ibid
Less well paid teachers The Obsessive Reader had a 10th grade AP English teacher, Mrs. Protter. "English, not surprisingly, was my favorite subject. I loved it so much that nearly every week I read additional plays and novels and submitted reports on them for extra credit. BUT, no matter how well I performed, Mrs. Protter refrained from praising me, and, worse, displayed such hostility toward me in class that my classmates often were compelled to come to my defense." The main purpose of going to school
in 1930s was to learn how to read.
The 1930s was a vibrant time for both youth and educational literature. Work Cited: Broke man cartoon. Digital image. The bad teacher's side. 10 Nov. 2012 Girls Wear Homemade Clothes. 1930s. Photograph. N.p. School Supplies. 2012. Photograph. Menlo Park, CA. Class Taught in the 1930s. N.d. Photograph. Feferal Bureau of Prisons, n.p. A School in Alabama. 1935. Photograph. Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, n.p. Dick and Jane. N.d. Photograph. A Rare Book School Exhibition., n.p. "look, look. Dick and Jane are back." Media History project.Uoffy. University of Minnesota.
1996. web. 08 Nov.2012 Whitley, Peggy. "American Cultural History." American Cultural history. Lone
Star College-Kingwood library, 1999.web. 07 Nov, 2012 "Public Education in the early twentieth century." Encyclopedia of Alabama. N.P. 14
June 2012. Web. 08 Nov. 2012 "1930s The Great Depression." Lisa's Nostalgiacate n.p. n.d. web. 08 Nov. 2012 Lamberto, Emilia. "Education of African Americans in the 1920s and
40s" Ehow. Demand Media. 19 April 2011. web. 11 Nov 2012 "The past is a blast keeping the flame of the past alive start reliving yesterday
today." Fun Facts. Defiove Enterprises, 2007. Web. 07 Nov, 2012 Schoenfeld, Bergen, Danny Clark, Naveem, and Sam Smitka. "Education In Alabama
in the 1930s." Slide Share. Slideshare Inc., 19 Nov. 2009. Web. 08 Nov. 2012. Reinhardt, Claudia, and Bill Ganzel. "Going to School in Rural America during
the 1930s." Going to School in Rural America during the 1930s. The Ganzel Group, 2003. Web. 08 Nov. 2012. Rural Brick School Built In 1920s or 1930s. 1930. Photograph. The
InfomerCantile. Web. 8 Nov. 2012. Courtesy Library of Congress. African American School, Halifax County. N.d.
Photograph. 11 Nov. 2012. Courtesy Library of Congress. Elementary School for
Whites, Halifax County. N.d. Photograph. Web. 8 Nov. 2012. Luoman. A 19th Century Obsessive Reader. N.d. Photograph. . 8 Nov. 2012.