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Transcript of Iliad Epic
The Bronze Age:
12-13 century B.C
Table of Contents
Fig. 1 Map of Troy 12-13th century B.C
Fig. 2 Map of Troy Modern Day
1. Title Page
2. Table of Contents
3. Troy in Ancient Day
4. Troy in Modern Day
5. Hero's Identification
6. Ancient Everyday Life
7. Ancient Social Classes
8. Ancient Art: Sculptures
9. Ancient Art: Paintings
10. Ancient Art: Architecture
11. Ancient Art: Drama
12. Ancient Womens Rights
13. Hero's Values
14. Culture's Language
15. Culture's Traditions
16. Culture's Music
17. Culture's Cuisine
18. Synopsis of Plot
19. Initial Catalyst
20. Hero's Adventures
21. Synopsis of Adv 1
22. Synopsis of Adv 2
23. Synopsis of Adv 3
24. Trifold Description
Used human figure as subject
Symmetry, harmony, proportion
Became interested in capturing natural human movement
Studied anatomy to get better sense of how muscles and bones work together
Statues were painted lifelike colors
depicted mythology, war, everyday life
Initially, they started to capture idealized beauty
Then, gained an interest in showing human individuality
Showed facial expressions and postures
Vase paintings were either red on black outlines or black on red
Some Greek painters also did full color paintings
Women could not participate in politics.
Couldn't inherit property or achieve political rights.
Women were absent from the Agora - the core of political/judicial/economic/cultural life.
Women don't appear in occupations where real money could be made.
Poorer women would have worked in agriculture if from the country in trade/shops if from town.
Acropolis: fortified area at the highest point in their city where temples were built
Parthenon: temple to Athena that has come to symbolize classical greek architecture
Doric order: plain, simple and regal, came into wide use before the ionic order did.
Ionic order: more delicate, complex and ornate.
Corinthian order: most elaborate and latest style. Decorations of leaves and scrolls.
Tragic and comic at first
Simple retellings of familiar stories but slowly added characters
Tragedies performed at religious festivals and explored the relationship between human and god
Comedies retold legends and sometimes set in contemporary world
Commented on human condition but in a humorous and satirical way
Insightful and complex
Free people and slaves
Slaves were used as servants and laborers
Free people were divided as Citizens and Metics
Citizens were government officials
Metics never had full rights
Social classes only pertained to men
Men took part in public life in cities
Women were expected to center their lives at home
Slaves were a central feature of life
Fig. 4 Daily Life in Bronze Age
Fig. 5 Activities of the Social Classes
Fig. 6 Natural Beauty
Fig. 7 Full color painting depicting idealistic interactions with heavenly figure
Fig. 8 The Parthenon
Fig. 9 Corinthian Order
Fig. 10 Symbol of the Ancient Greek muses. Thalia, meaning comedy, and Melpomene, meaning tragedy.
Fig. 11 Motherhood in Ancient Greece
Cultures Values 2015: Language
Cultures Values 2015: Traditions and Customs
Cultures Values 2015: Music
Cultures Values 2015: Food and Wine
Arete: Pursuit of Excellence
Nobility: Respect for other warriors
Valor: Dependent on warriors' accomplishments
Achilles, like the ancient greek society as a whole:
Knew the importance of strife, and its detriments
Knew the importance of having pride
Modern Greek Language is a descendant of Ancient Greek and has ties to Indo-European lineage
Popular among common people
Established in 1976
Different regions have their own dialect for oral dialects; never used as writing
Traditions come from religious character or paganism
Very superstitious and religious
Vary between regions, islands, and villages
Fig. 12 Trojan Army Riding Into Battle
Synopsis of "The Iliad"
Two maidens were captured, upsetting one of the girls fathers, who called upon the aid of Apollo.
Apollo reigned terror on the Achaeans
Achilles seizes from fighting for the Achaeans against the Trojans, giving the Trojans an advantage
Zeus supports the Trojans
Trojans break through Achaean fortifications, set fire to their supplies
Achilles's gives his brethren Patroclus his armor in hopes of duping the Trojans into thinking the great warrior Achilles is fighting
Patroclus's identity is revealed, and he is slain by the great Trojan warrior Hector.
Filled with pride, Hector and his army camp outside of Troy
Achilles joins the fight and slays all Trojans that stand in front of him
In an epic dual, Achilles slays Hector and proceeds to dragging his corpse around the grave of Patroclus
Eastern and Western influences of Europe and Asia
Poetry, music, dancing
Greek food and wine are common throughout the country
Each region has distinguishable specialties
Herbs and Spices are rich with flavor due to long sunshine seasons
Research has proven that Greek (Mediterranean) diet is very healthy
Initial Catalyst for Hero Beginning His Quest
Tensions are high amongst the Achean Army
Priest Chryses asks Agamemnon to release his daughter under Achaean captivity
he refuses so the priest goes to Apollo
Apollo terrorizes the Achean army so Agamemnon eventually agrees but only if he gets Achilles girl, Briseis
Achilles reluctantly gives up Briseis, but he is so furious that he leaves the army and prays to his mother Thetis to show how much he is worth
Trojans make an effective counterattack and the Achaeans are pinned against the sea
Patroklos fights and is killed by Hector
Achilles wants to avenge his bestfriend's death
Fig. 17 Achilles Taunting His Enemies
Three of the Achilles's Adventures
"The Rage of Achilles"
Achilles wants revenges on the Greeks because they ask him to return his maiden, Briseis.
The Rage of Achilles
The Archaean Army celebrates their victory in a Trojan allied town by capturing two beautiful maidens; Chryseis and Briseis.
Achilles claims Briseis while the Commander of the Greek army, Agamemnon claims Chryseis.
Chryseis's father, Chryses, pleads to the God Apollo, asking him for help in freeing his daughter.
Apollo reigns a plague upon the Archaean army, inflicting many casualties.
Agamemnon fears further retribution, and orders Achilles to send Briseis home. When Achilles refuses to do so, Agamemnon orders a boat to take Briseis to her father.
Achilles seizes to fight for the Greek. He asks his mother, the sea-nymph Thetis, to ask Zeus to punish the Archaeans. Zeus to help, and sides with the Trojans.
List of Characters:
Fig. 21 The Capture of The Maidens
The Death of Hector
Zeus puts the fates of Achilles and Hector on a golden scale, and watches as Hector's sinks.
Zeus decides to help Achilles, and orders Athena to aid the great warrior. Athena appears in front of Hector disguised as his ally, Deiphobus, tricking him into believing he could defeat Achilles.
With his confidence inflated, Hector searches for Achilles in hopes of finding and killing the great Greek warrior. Filled with pride, Hector challenges Achilles to a battle.
Hector and Achilles throw spears at each other, but miss. Hector turns to Deiphobus to borrow his sword, but finds him gone.
Realizing the gods betrayed him, he charges at Achilles. Achilles thrusts his spear into Hector's throat, killing him. Achilles lets his fellow soldiers stab the corpse. He then ties the body to the back of his chariot and drags it across the floor.
Hector's parents, King Priam and Queen Hecuba, as well as his wife, Andromache, cry in terror as they see their loved one's corpse being destroyed.
List of Characters:
Bust of Deiphobus
"The Death of Hector"
Achilles strives to honor Patroclus by slaying the Trojan warrior who killed Patroclus, Hector
Fig. 13 Ancient Greek writing on stone slab
Fig. 14 Greek festival where people are celebrating religion by dancing
Fig. 15 Bouzouki is an Ancient Greek instrument that is part of the lute family
Fig. 16 Dinner with the view of the Greek Parthenon
Fig. 19 Greek God Hephaestus forging Achilles armor
Achilles gets armor that Hephaestus forged for him, mends his relationship with Agnamemnon, and declares his intention to join the Achaeans in war and kill Hector.
Fig. 20 Battle between Achilles and Hector
Achilles expresses his desire to avenge Patroclus's death to Thetis, who asks Hephaestus to forge a godly suit of armour for Achilles. She also promises to care for Patroclus's corpse.
Achilles dramatically walks along the beach, calling upon his soldiers, who ceased fighting for the Achaeans.
He mends his relationship with Agnamemnon, who gives Achilles a multitude of gifts including the maiden Briseis.
Achilles then promises his loyality to the Greeks, and says he will not eat until he kills Hector. Zeus watches Achilles starve himself, and orders Athena to magically fill Achilles's stomach with ambrosia and nectar.
Achilles then wears his gear and mounts his horses for his chariot. He chastises the horses, Roan Beauty and Charger, for letting Patroclus die on the battle field.
They respond by saying the gods killed Patroclus, and that Achilles is not immune to the same faith. Achilles ignores the premonition, and rides into battle.
List of Characters:
Achilles, great warrior for the Achaean (Greeks)
Strong sense of pride in culture
Strong sense of honor
Fig. 3 Achilles Getting Ready for Battle
Fig. 22 Achilles consulting with the Gods
Fig. 18 Zeus conversing with the Other gods