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Japanese Imperialism in Korea
Transcript of Japanese Imperialism in Korea
The Japanese Take Over Korea!
Positive and Negative Effects
Korea Is a Protectorate
Rapid urban growth
Expansion of commerce
Forms of mass culture
i.e. radio and cinema became widespread for 1st time
Oppressed Korean culture and imposed Japanese culture upon Koreans
Koreans were treated as a lower class
Harsh punishments for protests
Koreans lost their identities
Japanese took 50% of their rice production
Many Koreans lived in poverty and starved
November 17th 1905 - Korea was forced to become a Japanese protectorate (Eulsa Treaty)
August 22nd 1910 - commander of Japanese army forced the Korean emperor to accept the treaty of the annexation of Korea by Japan
Korea opposed Japanese rule but 5 officials under Emperor Gojong signed the Eulsa Treaty, betraying the country
Monday, August 22, 1910
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Motives for Colonization
Korea Will Not Back Down!
Resistance Against the Japanese
Japan wanted a route to trade with other countries. However, their location was not ideal for interacting with other countries. By colonizing Korea, Japan was able to open up their trade routes and develop industries. They expanded trade markets and colony trade, earned money, and developed more industries. These industries proved useful as there was a war between China and Japan at that time. The industries provided abundant supplies to help them battle against China.
1907 - Korean military disbanded and a "righteous army" formed
March 1st Movement (1919) - Largest & most popular uprising; 33 religious leaders signed declaration of independence (Seoul)
lasted until April 15th ,1919
nonviolent parades, demonstrations, and raids
March 5th: Students didn't go to school and protested
January 1919 - Koreans in Shanghai form New Korea Youth Association & send representatives to countries to find new way to gain independence
led to student organization in Tokyo - Korean Youth Ind. Corps
Taehan Maeil Sinbo
Why Are The Japanese Colonizing Korea?
Japan Flag- the large red disk represents
Korean Flag: white background = peace
Yin-Yang = positives/negatives
Four trigrams = heaven, earth, water, fire
Timeline Of Korea Under Japan
Korea gained it's independence when Japan surrendered to the United States in 1945
Koreans were forced to practice Shintoism and speak Japanese
During World War II, the military forced nearly 200,000 Korean women to become "comfort women" in brothels across China
Thousands of Koreans were tortured in Unit 731