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American History Timeline

A timeline of America's most important events from 1600-1880

Riley Doyle

on 13 May 2013

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Transcript of American History Timeline

America's Struggles and Successes Over Time 1600-1675 1676-1750 1751-1800 1801-1850 1851-1865 1866-1880 Our Break-Up With Britain The reason we celebrate the 4th of July today is because Thomas Jefferson had the guts to "break up" or become independent from Great Britain. This happened on July 4,1776. The United States was upset because Britain was too controlling. It's the classic over-powering girlfriend scenario. Britain also taxed us way too much and didn't represent our people. Even today we still believe in equal rights for all of our people. Many members of congress gave their "John Hancock," even the man himself! Thomas Jefferson wrote this. Britain didn't react very well to the break-up. They tried to fight with us in what we call the Revolutionary War. July 4, 1776 Jammin' in Jamestown 1607 In 1607 about a hundred of what is about one in every 10,000 American's relatives came to our great nation. Jamestown was named after King James I. The Virginia Company received a charter from King James I. This gave them the rights and finances to organize a settlement. They came to America looking for gold and silver. They could barely survive with nothing to eat. Many of the settlers died from starvation. Others died from the harsh cold or skirmishes with Native Americans. Perfectly Plymouth 1620 In 1620, a group of colonists from England left for the Virginia Colony. There were 101 of the colonists, most of them called Separatists. They were often put in jail in England for their religious beliefs. They wanted persecution from the King and decided to come to America on their ship, the Mayflower. Their ship ran a little off course and ended up in what is known today as Cape Cod, Massachusetts. Many of the settlers died on the journey over and then during the harsh winter. With help from the indians, some were able to survive. This peace between the colonists and the indians is why we celebrate Thanksgiving every year. Seven Year Squabble 1756 The French and Indian War started in the spring of 1756. It was not actually a war between the French and Indian, as most would think. It was a war of the French and Indian combined against England and other European countries. After 7 years of fighting, there was a peace agreement in 1763. The british received Canada and Florida and gave Louisiana to Spain. Waking Up to the Future 1730-1760 The First Great Awakening was a spiritual renewal. This took place during the early 1700s. It started in England, when certain Christians began to disassociate themselves with the established worship at the time. This crossed over to the American Colonies during the first half of the 18th Century. This allowed people to feel a greater intimacy with God. (Make sure your sound is on) I got a dollar, I got a dollar, I got a dollar. Hey, Hey, Hey, Hey! 1803 On January 18, 1803 America made one of the biggest purchases in history. We called it the Louisiana Purchase. We only spent $10 Million, leaving us with enough money to hit the mall afterward. We accumulated about 828,000 square miles of new land. We purchased this land from France. This land stretched from the Mississippi River to the Rocky Mountains. Thomas Jefferson was in charge of this whole process. 1692 From June to September in 1692, nineteen men and women were convicted of Witchcraft. Many girls were getting sick with something that can today be caught from eating rye infected with ergot. It caused hallucinations and odd behavior. Many people believed that these girls were conducting something supernatural. The girls were issued arrest warrants. They were either put in jail or sentenced to death. The Land Before Discovey Channel 1805 Oh Say Can You See 1812 In 1805 Thomas Jefferson wanted to explore the new land he had just bought from the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. He sent out a group of people to discover new things on the uncharted territory. Hence the term, Corps of Discovery. He had his secretary, Meriwether Lewis, and his friend, William Clark lead this journey. Over the next four years, the Corps of Discovery would travel thousands of miles, experiencing lands, rivers and peoples that no Americans ever had before.They had some help from Sacagawea, of course. Sources: Appleby, Joyce Oldham. Discovering Our Past: The American Journey, to World War 1. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2006. Print.

"History.com." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.

Perry, Douglas. "Teaching With Documents: The Lewis and Clark Expedition." Lewis & Clark Expedition. The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration, 20 Jan. 2009. Web. 26 Apr. 2013.

Taylor, Quintard, Jr. "US History Timeline." US History Timeline: 1800 - 1900. University of Washington, Spring 2011. Web. 05 May 2013 Americans were upset because of their impressment by Britain. American trade was crippled. With President Madison in office, Congress declared war against the British. After years of bickering, the negotiators signed the Treaty of Ghent on December 24, 1814, officially ending the war. The star spangled banner, which was originally a poem, was also written during this war. The Hunger Games of the 1800's 1852 Uncle Tom's Cabin was a best-seller, selling 10,000 copies in the United States in its first week; 300,000 in the first year; and in Great Britain, 1.5 million copies in one year. This would have been hard to do, considering they didn't have mass printing capabilities that we have today. Uncle Tom's Cabin was a book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. She was anti-slavery and found it unconstitutional and morally wrong. Her book sold millions of copies and changed many people's views on slavery. You're Not in Kansas Anymore 1854 Steven Douglas' Grand Idea On March 30, 1854 Steven A. Douglas' idea for the Kansas-Nebraska Act became a reality. This meant that a new coming state would let its settlers vote on whether it should be free or slave. Many people even moved across the country just to cast their vote. The idea was commonly called popular sovereignty. This act highly contributed to the Bleeding Kansas Era. It also overturned the Missouri Compromises use of latitude to determine the fate of the slaves. First Shots Rang Out April 12, 1861 In 1861 the first shots of the Civil War were fired. This took place in Charleston, South Carolina.The fort was owned by the Union. The battle didn't last long; only about 34 hours. After that time, it was surrendered to the Confederacy by US Major Robert Anderson. The Confederacy used this fort for four more years before they surrendered it back to the Union at the end of the war.
Fun Fact: this fort was restored and used in the Spanish-American War, and also World War I. Vote for Lincoln November 6, 1860 In 1860 history was made. Abraham Lincoln was the first Republican candidate to ever become president. He only won 40 percent of the popular vote, but in the end he defeated his two Democratic opponents. He gained a national fame from his campaign against Steven Douglass for the Illinois senate seat in 1858. Lincoln argued against slavery and by the time he was inaugurated, seven states had already seceded. Lincoln's presidency was a very important factor in the Civil War. Turning Tides July 1-3, 1863 The Battle of Gettysburg is most definitely considered one of the most important battles of the war. General Robert E. Lee marched his Army of Northern Virginia into Pennsylvania in late June 1863. Then, on July 1 the troops met and the battle began. There were many casualties throughout this battle, making it the bloodiest battle of the war. The Union charged and then Lee was forced to withdraw his Confederate troops from battle. This battle was a major turning point in the war. It gave the Union new hope after their multiple previous lost battles and helped them regain their morale. The KKK is not OK. 1871 America Gets Back on its Feet 1865-1877 We Want Tea, Not Tax 1773 On December 16, 1773 there was a group of Massachusetts Patriots that dumped a million dollars worth of tea into the Boston Harbor. This was in retaliation to British taxes that were put on items such as paint, paper, glass, and tea. These patriots believed they were being taxed but not represented enough, hence the term, "Taxation without representation." Today when we pay taxes, we are represented by our state and local government. In 1886 a hate group called the Ku Klux Klan was created. They were mainly against African Americans but they discriminated other groups as well. One half of the men in southern states joined. They would burn crosses in African American's yards and even beat and kill them. This group was making it hard to accept the reconstruction amendments with their terroism. So in 1871 the Ku Klux Klan Act was passes, disbanding the group. Some KKK members still exist today but it isn't nearly as extreme. After a Union victory of the Civil War, America had to rebuild. They also had to start letting the seceded states back into the United States. 4 million slaves were granted freedom but there were still many challenges ahead. President Andrew Johnson headed Reconstruction and helped the nation back onto its feet. Reconstruction took 12 years but eventually our country was whole again. 36 30 or Fight 1820 In 1820, the MO Compromise was put into action. This was a law that stated all states added to the country above the 36' 30' parallel latitude line had to be free of slavery. The states below could be slave states. It made many southerners mad because they did not think it was right that Congress could make laws concerning slavery. This law stayed in action until it was overruled by the Kansas-Nebraska Act. A Hero's Death April 14, 1865 On April 14, 1865 something happened that turned the direction of reconstruction. John Wilkes Booth shot and eventually killed Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln was celebrating a well deserved victory of the Civil War when this even happened. He was at Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C. with his wife and family friends. John was a southern sympathizer and wanted Lincoln 6 feet under for a long time. Lincoln was shot just five days after the end of the war. White Flags and Their Terms April 9,1865 In Appomattox Couthouse, Virginia, on April 9th the American Civil War officially came to an end. General Robert E. Lee from the Confederate States of America surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant. After a long day of fighting the Rebels were surrounded with no chance of escape. Terms of surrender were very fair. The Confederate men were allowed to return home with their horses as long as they laid down their weapons. This was a day of great celebration for the North and great defeat for the South.
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