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HUGO HARING

근건사발표
by

일경 권

on 24 November 2013

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Transcript of HUGO HARING

Born in Biberach an der Riß May 11, 1882

Technische Hochschule, Stuttgart (1899-1901)



Transferred to Dresden because he was not happy
with his education (1901-1902)

Came back under the tutelage of Theodor Fischer
Graduated in Stuttgart (1903)

Formal Education
Progressive influence on Technische Hochschule
Proportion Theory (classicism)
Encouraged students to look at vernacular works, such as farmhouses
Idea of responsive architecture
Lead in to the organic modernist tradition
Aimed to elicit individual student talents

Theodor Fischer
Part of the generation that deviated from historical precedent (Behrens, Muthesius, van de Velde, Lethaby, Voysey, Mackintosh)
Housing in Munich, context-sensitive
Werkbund founder
“Grows organically from the inside outwards.”


Fischer’s Architectural Career
Hugo Haring
Father was a cabinet maker; reflected in Haring’s affinity for wood as a building material
HUGO HARING
1882
- Trained in academic historicism
- Students just copied previous styles and buildings
1914~1918
Design for a railway station, 1921, taking circulation flow as main cue

1899~1904
1921
Moved to Hamburg, where he taught at the School of Arts and Crafts (German Kunstgewerbeschule) (1904)
Worked as a translator in the Balkans during World War 1
Moved to Berlin
1922
Took part in the Great Berlin Art Exhibition
friedrichstraße office project (Mies van der Rohe, Hugo haring) , 1922

1923~1925
Represented 'Der Ring' at the founding meeting of the Congres International d'Architecture Moderne (CIAM)

CIAM (International Congresses of Modern Architecture) was an organization founded in 1928 and disbanded in 1959, responsible for a series of events and congresses arranged around the world by the most prominent architects of the time, with the objective of spreading the principles of the Modern Movement focusing in all the main domains of architecture (such as landscape, urbanism, industrial design, and many others).
1925~1926
Completed his essay, "Wege zur Form", in which he described his thoughts about organic architecture and how the forms of architecture should be made (1925)
Secretary of the architectural group "Der Ring" (1926)

Der Ring was an architectural collective founded in 1926 in Berlin. It emerged out of expressionist architecture with a functionalist agenda. Der Ring was a group of young architects, formed with the objective of promoting Modernist architecture. It took a position against the prevailing architecture of the time, Historicism. With the rise of National Socialism and the increasing difficulty between Hugo Haring and the other members, Der Ring dissolved in 1933.
1928
The Gut Garkau complex is perhaps the most demonstrative of his works. A barn and cowshed, grouped picturesquely around a courtyard, the buildings illustrate Haring’s belief that architecture should appear to arrive naturally and spontaneously from its surroundings. Eschewing the overstyled organic approach that characterized Art Nouveau and its associated movements, Haring preferred that the structure evolve around its function and environment.
The Gut Garkau complex
1929~1931
1933
The Siemensstadt Housing Estate (German: Großsiedlung Siemensstadt; also known as Ring Estate or Ringsiedlung) is a nonprofit residential community in the Charlottenburg-Wilmersdorf district of Berlin. It is one of the six Modernist Housing Estates in Berlin recognized in July 2008 by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site.

It was built between 1929 and 1931, under the overall master plan of German architect Hans Scharoun. Seven prominent Weimar-era architects took part: Scharoun, Fred Forbat, Otto Bartning, Walter Gropius, Paul Rudolph Henning, and Hugo Haring. The nickname Ringsiedlung came from the association of these architects with Der Ring collective.
Siemensstadt housing
Nazi architecture was an architectural plan which played a role in the Nazi party's plans to create a cultural and spiritual rebirth in Germany as part of the Third Reich.
Adolf Hitler was an admirer of imperial Rome and believed that some ancient Germans had, over time, become part of its social fabric and exerted influence on it.

The influence of the Nazis made it difficult for Hugo to work in Germany.

Organisches Bauen
Haring believed that architectural forms should grow from analysis of the surrounding
environment and the function of the building. Therefore all projects have their individual fit
form for the specific circumstances. These thoughts were in contrary to the idea of ​​universality of
Mies van der Rohe and other rationalist architects. Haring’s theories are known as ‘Organisches
Bauen’ or ‘Neue Bauen’ which took a different path in architecture history.

Organisches Bauen
…in his essay 'Wege zur Form‘(1925)

Organisches Bauen
Haring did not like the way some modern architects made grids and boxes to force people with
different activities into the same shapes of spaces. Instead he said the spaces should be made
from inside out, with consideration of what happens in that particular building
Haring’s Organic Design

Mies’ Universal Design

Organisches Bauen
The term 'organic architecture' does not mean the form should look organic. It is more about
applying the function to the building's design and making fluent relationships between each rooms
and programs. Eventually these parts of the building will form a finished group as a whole. There
also had to be careful consideration of the site, client and the users.

- No trusses
- Optimum capacity
Barn
Lamella roof



Expression of material purpose through construction
Local vernacular tradition
Linear patterns made by brickwork and timber boarding




Cowshed
Cowshed
Haring’s Philosophy
Form follows function
Each site and need is unique
Vernacular design
Structural logic


Coincidental design
Hierarchy and order
Relation between function and expression
Purity of architecture before it became academic
Reconnection of architecture with life
Design from the inside out

Organic tradition
1958
He died in Goppingen in May 1958 aged 76 years old.
"What can we learn from Haring?"

made in a curve to avoid calves fighting in corners

semicircle for calves

Cow Stall

Cows stalls are at the center as the main space. Cows eat in a pear shaped arrangement

stalls for heifers(virgin cows)
are at the north, and the young cows watch their parents like spectators
Silo Tower

Silage falls from the top to the trap door by gravity
Root Cellar

Roots are stored and collected

house for bullocks

has distance away from the bull so that they don’t challenge to their father

Dairy

has a semi circle trough filled with water to cool milk tanks

The Bull

The most important animal stands in pride looking at his wives

Cowshed
Cowshed
Sausage factory in Neustadt, Holstein(1925)
1925
Woythaler House(1927)
Weissenhofseidlung(1927)
Ziegler House(1936)
`
Gido Schmitz House, part of Schmitz Houses(1950)
1950
1936
1927
1927
Courtney Stephen, Hayley DeBerry, Minsu Kim, Jong yup Kwon, Seung young Oh, Ill kyoung Kwon
Cow breathing
Hay falling
Rain collecting
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