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Socotra, Yemen

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on 15 February 2017

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Transcript of Socotra, Yemen

Desert Rose
Dragon Blood Tree
Dracaena cinnabari
Socotra, Yemen
Civet Cat
Primary Consumers
Secondary Consumers
Tertiary Consumers
Tetraena Fontanessi
Punica protopunica
The Great Eggfly
Steppe Buzzard
Egyptian Vulture
Little Bittern
Socotra Starling
Short Worm Lizard

Little Bittern
Worm Lizard
Dragon Blood Tree
Desert Rose
Civet Cat
Adenium obesum
Zygophyllum fontassi
Socotra Pomegranate Tree

Fun Fact:
Fun Fact:
Fun Fact:
Hypolimnas bolina
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Capra aegagrus hircus
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Onychognathus frater
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Fun Fact:
Fun Fact:
Ixobrychus minutus
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Pachycalamus brevis
Civettictis civetta
Neophron percnopterus
1st Trophic Level
2nd Trophic Level
3rd Trophic Level
4th Trophic Level
Buteo vulpinus
Fun Fact:
Alternate Food Sources:
Fun Fact:
Alternative Food Sources:
Fun Fact:
Alternative Food Sources:
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Alternative Food Sources:
Alternative Food Sources:
Alternative Food Sources:
Fun Fact:
Alternative Food Sources:
Alternative Food Sources:
Alternative Food Sources:
Alternative Food Sources:
Alternative Food Sources:
-Produces berries that go from green, to black, to orange-red as it ripens.
-Used in toothpaste, dye, and medicinal purposes, such as, antiviral, antiseptic, and treating tumors.
Fun Facts:
- produces a sap in its roots and stems that is used as arrow poison for hunting large game throughout much of Africa and as a fish toxin
- often the flower depicted on postal stamps for many countries
- an evergreen or drought-deciduous succulent shrub
- endemic to Socotra
- often thorny, attains a height of 2.5 to 4.5 meters. It has reddish-brown bark when young, fading to grey as it ages and becomes less fruitful
- flowers and fruits from December and January through to the summer
- the seeds are said to be caustic, yet they are used by the people of Socotra to relieve stomach aches
- a parasite started killing the male EggFlies, leaving only 1% of males making up the population
- Great Eggflies often land on humans
- rotting fruit, manure, decaying flesh and animal tears
- females lay eggs on the underside of leaves, and will often stay and protect them even after the eggs have hatched
- only mammal native to Socotra
- found in Socotra's massive limestone caves, sand dunes, or cracks in walls
- fruit or other bugs
- approximately 20 species of bats
- wading bird in the heron family
- small fish, amphibians, beetles, and larvae
- four to eight eggs are laid in a nest that is commonly made over top of water
- sometimes nest in small groups
- smallest of the heron birds
- during the breeding season, the bill of a little bittern acquires a distinct red tinge
- burrowing animal, commonly found under rocks or rotting vegetation
- looks more like a worm but is actually classified as a reptile
- earthworms and spiders
- live under ground most their lives
- their eyes and ears are covered by skin
- insects, small mammals, and sometimes other birds
- subspecies of the Common Buzzard
- very adaptable and prefers open plains
- monogamous breeder
- does most of its hunting from a single spot
- roams the limestone plateaus
- found no where else on Earth
- member of the mongoose family
- produces a musk called"civet" that is used in perfumes
- fruits and insects
-It's shape is that of an upside down umbrella because it is intended to catch the mist in it's upturned leaves and provides itself with shade so that less water evaporates
-Some believe that this tree was sprung after a fight between an elephant and a dragon
-By 2080 the tree is estimated to lose about 45% of its habitat
-Comes from Greek words meaning "Yolk Leaves" because there's two leaflets
-Found in many different habitats such as areas with blown sands, saline depressions, and pure sands.
-Often dominates the plant life in the area it is in
-It is a salt tolerant plant, being that this shrub does not have the glands to get rid of excess salt, it instead concentrates it all in its leaves and then sheds them.
-Not native to Socotra, brought by ancient sailors
-Seen as a danger to the habitat due to overgrazing
-Though the goats were introduced centuries ago they have only recently become a nuisance to the plant life because in the past they were never allowed to be out of control
-They do not eat the Desert Rose because they know it's poisonous
-Human food and garbage, young dragon blood trees, basically anything
-Threatened by habitat loss, yet are classified under least concern
-Very shy
-Loud shrill call
-Mainly live in Dragon Blood trees
-fruits, insects, seeds
- 36 species of grasshoppers that can be found only in Socotra
-Competing with the goats for food
-Grasshoppers aren't really that cool but.. They make noise by rubbing their legs together
-They use camouflage, mainly blending in with rocks or sparse plant life, to keep themselves alive
-crops, leaves, bark, shrubbery, etc.
-date back to about 265 million years ago
-Native to Puerto Rico, somehow got to Socotra
-Completely nocturnal
-Lay their eggs on plants out of the water
-Opportunistic sit and wait predators
-Their own eggs, snails, insects
-Females are larger than males
-When they're young these birds are black or dark brown with black and white patches
-Prefer to nest on rocky cliffs
-They hiss and growl when angry
-Incredibly smart birds
-Name from greek Etymology
-feces, insects, carcasses, small mammals, vegetables, fruits
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