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Transcript of Irish Rebellion
•Tudors had Protestant structure over Ireland
•Oliver Cromwell tried to crush Catholic beliefs
•Following Cromwell, William of Orange enacted anti-Catholic Penal Laws
Harsh on Catholics and clergy (many sentenced to death)
Weakened by the 1810’s with the Act of Union and completely abolished by the 1840’s
•Act of Union made Ireland a part of the United Kingdom and under the control of the King •Gaelic Revival tried to bring Protestantism back, but constitution in 1937 proclaimed Roman Catholicism as official religion, also ending ties with British King
Split into Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland
•Ulster considered center of Protestant beliefs in Northern Ireland
•Dublin became capital of Republic of Ireland
•Complete independence from United Kingdom was achieved in 1949 (Republic of Ireland)
Roman Catholic majority
Presbyterians and Methodists also evolved Oliver Cromwell Works Cited
Simonton, Michael J. "Ireland." Worldmark Encyclopedia of Religious Practices. Ed. Thomas Riggs. Vol. 2: Countries: A-L. Detroit: Gale, 2006. 514-518. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 31 Oct. 2012.
Wilson, Thomas M. "Ireland." Countries and Their Cultures. Ed. Carol R. Ember and Melvin Ember. Vol. 2. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2001. 1091-1103. General OneFile. Web. 31 Oct. 2012.
"A song is worth a thousand harangues."
-Davis Joseph B. Geoghegan
"Johnny I hardly knew ye"
Performed by Irish Rovers Many expressed anger against war, religion, and politics through music
Music ranges from 1600's to present day U2 Irish Rovers Thomas Moore Charles Martin One of the first anti-war songs (anti-recruitment)
About a woman who falls in love with a man that eventually leaves for war "They're rolling out the guns again, hurroo, hurroo
They're rolling out the guns again, hurroo, hurroo
They're rolling out the guns again
But they never will take my sons again
No they'll never take my sons again
Johnny I'm swearing to ye." Thomas Osborne Davis
"A Nation Once Again" Written in 1840's
Rallying cry for Independence
"For, Freedom comes from God's right hand,
And needs a Godly train;
And righteous men must make our land
A Nation once again!" Wings
"Give Ireland Back to the Irish" Written by Paul and Linda McCartney in 1972 after "Bloody Sunday" in Northern Ireland
Banned in the UK U2
"Sunday,Bloody Sunday" Released in 1983
Said to not be a rebel song, instead just a description of what happened
Refers to finding an end to violence "Great Britian and all the people
Say that all people must be free
Meanwhile back in ireland
There's a man who looks like me
And he dreams of god and country
And he's feeling really bad
And he's sitting in a prison
Should he lie down do nothing
Should give in or go mad " "And the battle's just begun
There's many lost, but tell me who has won
The trench is dug within our hearts
And mothers, children, brothers, sisters
Torn apart" "Belfast Brigade" Written in 1920's to tune of "Battle Hymn of the Republic"
Mentions Irish freedom