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The Creepy Meanings of the Middle Ages
Transcript of The Creepy Meanings of the Middle Ages
The Creepy Meanings of the
The Black Plague
Where did it come from?
It was believed to have originated in the Gobi Desert.
It spread through rats and their fleas.
It was a bacterial infection.
It spread through the trade routes to other countries.
Some believed it to be God passing judgement on them.
The Middle Ages Crime and Punishment
What were the symptoms of the Black Plague?
Painful swellings of the lymph nodes. In the armpits, legs, neck, or groin.
Produced a high fever, delirium, vomiting, bleeding in the lungs, and mental disorientation.
Muscle pains develop.
Died after 2-4 days.
Sometimes called the Black Death because one of the symptoms produced a blackening of the skin around the swellings.
In the medieval period it was believed that the only way to keep order was to make sure that the people were scared of the punishments given for the crimes committed. There was no police force in the Middle Ages, the law-enforcement was in the hands of the community.
In the middle ages there were courts, for the not so serious crimes, they were held at the Manorial Court. Where if it had a trial all people must attend or get fined.
How did they treat the Black Plague?
Herbs are used to treat the symptoms of the Black Plague.
Rose, lavender, sage and bay were used to treat headaches.
Wormwood, balm, and mint were administered for nausea.
Treated the lungs with liquorice and comfrey.
Blood letting was a common treatment.
Blood was thick, black, pungent, and contained greenish scum.
Treated the buboes (swellings) with onion, garlic, butter, arsenic, lily root and dried toad.
There was no cure.
The kings court held the most serious crimes. The guilty person had to face trial by ordeal or decide whether they were guilty or not guilty.
The Catholic church also was involved in all of this.
The Catholic Church was even involved in this this
The Catholic church was also involved in this.
Before the Middle ages the Roman and Greeks laws said that only slaves could be tortured, but then laws changed. The law was that now free men could be imprisoned or tortured for committing crimes.
Statistics of the Black Plague
Was in England from 1348-1350.
Outbreaks for another 60 years.
A 1/3 of the population died.
7500 people died per a day.
Black Death killed 50 million people in the 14th century.
If you stole, your right hand would be cut off.
If you committed a serious crime, you would be beaten or burned alive.
Women who committed adultery were drowned.
For certain occasions they would take the criminal down to the city for everyone to watch while the criminal is being cut into 4 pieces.
Step One: They would cut you down the middle horizontally through the stomach.
Step Two: They would take the bottom half and cut it through the middle again by the knees.
Step Three: They would cut the top half through the middle by the chest area.
The people brought little kids to the scene so they could watch them being executed. They did this so the kids could get scared and not commit a crime.
In today's society we do not use torture. 100 years ago, torture became known as a barbaric practice.
Family shields were symbols or emblems used to signify a certain family, group, or allegiance. They are also known as family crests.
They were originally used during The Crusades, around the 11th, 12th, and 13th century.
The colors and symbols of a crest have a special meaning to it.
The family crests were
In battle, the crest was printed on tunics that hung over their armor, as well as the shields they carried. It helped depict who was an enemy and who was an ally.
-Any fur on a family shield signified dignity.
-Blue- truth and loyalty
Silver or White- peace and sincerity
- Helmet- Strength, protection, and invulnerability.
-Tiger- Fierce and Valor/ Dangerous
After the Crusades, the family shield became less of a military concept, and more for a family representation. Something that became very popular was heraldry, the assigning of a family shield to a family or organization.
A family shield was important because it told people who you were without even telling them verbally. It told people many things: what family they belonged to, what their ancestors were like, and possibly, what they had done in history.
A family shield was not a sign you could use willy-nilly. It was a visual name, an important item. Such an item was passed down ceremoniously from father to son.
The change in generation was indicated by a change in color, one that represented the individual more accurately.
You may not know it, but you see family crests everyday!
Logos! It shows people what family they belonged to (the company), what their ancestors were like (founders, workers), and possibly, what they had done. (accomplishments)