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Transcript of Ferrets
Christine Beaudin, Melanie Manickam & Sarah Fernandes
History of Ferrets
Housing Requirements and Enrichment
Diet Requirements and supplements
Expected Life Span
Suggested Preventative Medical Program
Other interesting Facts
Introduction to Ferrets
Mustela putorius furo
Ferrets were domesticated from the European Polecat.
Possibly domesticated hunting rabbits and rodent control.
Ferrets are from the weasel family.
Colours include: Albino, Sable, Black Sable, Chocolate, Champagne, Cinnamon, Dark eyed white, and Silver. Although White & Sable are the only true colours.
Patterns include: Roan, Point or Siamese, Solid, Mitts, Blaze or Panda.
Multiple floor cage
Litter box with shavings
Water and food bowl
Toys; ones that move like cat teasers. Toys that make noise and crinkle such as balls with bells and tunnels.
Ferrets like to explore so oversized hamster ball is a good alternative
Crepuscular which means that they sleep 14 to 18 hours a day.
Like to borrow and sleep in confined areas.
Ferrets can make soft squeaking noises called "dooking" when it is playing or happy.
Ferrets make hissing noises when they are upset.
Ferrets often "war dance" when excited.
Ferrets are known to nip if they are not socialized properly.
Ferrets are very mischievous creatures. They are also active, "busy body" playful pets that need lots of attention. However there are a few things you should know before you rush out to get your new pet.
Ferrets have found their way into our homes and into our hearts. This feisty little animal makes a great pet, if you can handle losing your socks every once in a while.
Females are called jills and become sexually active at 4 months.
Males are called hobs and become sexually active at 6 to 8 months.
Baby ferrets are called kits.
Average litter size, 8 kits (but can have 1 to 18 kits)
A group of ferrets is a "business of ferrets."
Males have visible testicles
Females can remain in heat for 6 months if left unaltered and males can become aggressive.
Gestation period is 42-44 days.
Kits are born with their eyes closed and deaf until 3 to 5 weeks.
Flu: they are susceptible to common colds and can catch the flu from us. treatment is a lot of sleep and rest, love and attention.
Distemper: highly contagious. Clinical signs are conjunctivitis, crusty footpads and face, which is followed by fever, seizures, coma and eventually death.
Insulinoma- tumors form in pancreas
others are dental issues and gastrointestinal foreign body obstruction.
Vaccines are still very important even to a "pocket pet". Distemper can be avoided by giving your pet a vaccine.
Spaying your ferret at six months just like cats and dogs is a good prevention of disease.
Feeding a high quality diet with as few plant based ingredients as possible
Ferrets are carnivores (meat-eaters)
Diet can consist of both dry and wet food
Pellet food is highly recommended and to be left out for free feed
Ferrets should be fed a little and often due to their long and short digestive tract & high metabolism
A reproducing female ferret is required to have 30% protein within their diet
Do not require extra supplements, but can acquire some for skin, coat, digestive system and vitamins
The average ferret can live up to 5 to 7 years
Rarely it has been seen for them to reach the age of 10 years
They usually start to develop and show signs of medical issues at the young age of 3
Ferrets can usually develop many different types of medical conditions like: cancer, kidney disease and heart disease
Illegal to be owned in New York & California
Date back to being around since the Ancient Egyptian times
Ferrets are not considered rodents
Referred to as natures clown
The name ferret comes from the Latin "furonem" which means "thief"
Born with a white coat
"Ferret Dead Sleep" is common; limp, lifeless and unresponsive
Ferrets, Minks and Weasels belong to the same family
A small ferret may be able to squeeze through a hole just over an inch in diameter.