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AP World History Period 5
Transcript of AP World History Period 5
1750 CE - 1900 CE 1763-1775 James Watt Perfects the Steam Engine
The Steam Engine offers a dramatic increase in fuel efficiency. It is also the first type of steam engine to make use of steam above atmospheric pressure. 1775 American Revolution
The Revolution began with Paul Revere's Ride. It was war between the American colonists opposing Great Britain for its independence. It ended with an American victory. 1779 Spinning Mule
The Spinning Mule was invented by Samuel Crompton. It gave more control to the weaver and made the process more efficient. 1789 French Revolution
French citizens redesigned their country's political landscape and rid old political culture such as the monarchy and the feudal system. It was influenced by Enlightenment ideas. 1791 Touissant L'Overture
Leader of Haitian Revolution which cast off French domination of the colony of Saint-Dominique. He extended the revolt to the part of the island under Spanish rule (Currently the Dominican Republic). 1791-1804 Haitian Revolution
The Haitian Revolution was a slave revolt in the French colony of Saint-Dominique. It helped eliminate slavery and founded the Haitian Republic. January 21, 1793 King Louis XVI
King Louis was the King of France during the time of the French Revolution. He and his wife, Marie Anoinette, ruled at the Palace of Versaille. They will later be executed during the French "Reign of Terror". 1793 The Cotton Gin
The Cotton Gin was a major turning point in the economic history of the Southern areas of the United States. The Cotton Gin had the ability to separate the short staple cotton fiber from its seed. 1799-1814 Reign of Napoleon Bonaparte
Napoleon seized power of the French government through a coup de etat. He was victorious in expanding his empire, until he encountered Russia. He was later exiled to Elba, then returned to power for a brief period. After his last speck of glory, the was exiled to St. Helena where he lived his last years. 1806-1825 Wars of Independence for Latin America
Series of wars to help gain Latin American countries gain independence from European countries. May 14, 1814 Simon Bolivar
Revolutionary leader whom led the fight for Venezuela. Beginning May 14, 1813 he became known as th "Compana Admirable". In 1821, he created the Gran Columbia, a confederation of what is now Venezuela, Columbia, Panama, and Ecuador. Sept. 1814-June 1815 Congress of Vienna
A conference between the four European powers in order to reorganize Europe after the Napoleonic Wars. 1839-1842 The Opium War
The first anglo-chinese war fought between Great Britain and China. British merchants were smuggling opium into China and in 1839, China enforced prohibitions on the importation of Opium. Great Britain responded by sending gunboats to attack several Chinese coastal cities. February 21, 1848 The Communist Manifesto
A short publication of Karl Marx and Fredrich Engels that serves as the beginning of the communist movement. The Communist Manifesto
A short publication of Karl Marx and Fredrich Engels that serves as the beginning of the communist movement. 1850-1864 Taiping Rebellion
Religious upheaval by a christian sect. It was established by a short-lived Taiping Tianguo dynasty and eroded by Qing power. Over 20 million people died and it was the origins of Chinese communism and nationalism. 1853 The Crimean War
The Crimean Way was between the Russians and the British, French, and Ottoman Turks. It arose from a conflict of great powers in the middle east, caused my Russian demands to exercise protection over the Orthodox subjects of the Ottoman Sultan. The dispute between Russia and France was over the privileges of the Russian Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches in the Holy places of Palestine. November 11, 1856 The Bessemer Process
Th Bessemer Process was a faster more efficient way to make steel. 1858 The Unification of Italy
Led by three leaders: Carour, Napolean III, and Orsini. Mainly Carour united Italy under the crown of Sardina. 1858 Unification of Germany
Germany consisted of 39 states led by Austria and Prussia. Otto von Bismarck was known for being the man to unify Germany. Series of wars took place in order for unification and would later result in Germany being the leading power in Europe. 1859 Origins of Species
Origins of Species published a work of scientific literature by Charles Darwin whom is considered to be the foundation of evolutionary biology. May 10, 1857 Sepoy Rebellion
The Sepoy rebellions were a series of uprising during British colonization in India. Although there was leading tensions in India against the British, the soldiers were set off to find that the gun powder sacks from their musket were made from animal fat. This was an abomination against their religion. April 25, 1859 Suez Canal
Construction began on April 25, 1859 and opened on November 17, 1869. It Drastically reduced Europe to Asia shipping time. Also, it held a key military choke point. 1861 The Emancipation of Russian Serfs
The emancipation was a result of the Crimean War because it left Russia very weak. In order for Russia to regain its strength and power, serfdom had to have been abolished. 1868 Meiji Restoration
Reform-minded samurai reflecting the enormous changes that have taken place in preceding Tokugawa period, affected political change. Then launched the reform movement under the guise of restoring the emperor to power. The emperor's reign name was Meiji. December 1880-1881 & October 1899-1902 Boer War
A war between the British Empire and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State. The first was the Boers who fought England in order to regain independence. The second Boer war was fought between Britain, Transvaal, and Orange Free State because of on going tension between the nations. The Boer wars ended with the signing of the Treaty of Verennging. November 15, 1884- February 26, 1885 The Berlin Conference
Many European countries met to divide Africa into 50 different countries for themselves. The Berlin Conference
Many European countries met to divide Africa into 50 different countries for themselves. 1885 Indian National Congress
One of the two major political parties in India. It is the largest and one of the oldest democratically-operating political parties in the world Sept. 7, 1898-1901 The Boxer Rebellion
A violent anti-foreign, proto-nationalist, anti-christ movement in China by the secret organization called the society of the Righteous and Harmonious Fists who murdered thousands of foreigners, especially missionaries, in an attempt to rid China of all foreign influences. 1904-1905 Russo-Japanese War
military conflict in which a victorious Japan forced Russia to abandon its expansionist policy in the Far East, becoming the first Asian power in modern times to defeat a European power. 1904-1914 The Panama Canal
The U.S. supported a revolution that led to the independence of Panama in 1903. The 1977 treaty established the canal as a neutral international waterway and even in times of war any vessel is guaranteed safe passage. After the 1999 hand-over, the U.S. and Panama jointly shared duties in defending the canal. December 1906 All-India Muslim League
All India Muslim League, political group that led the movement calling for a separate Muslim nation to be created at the time of the partition of British India (1947). The Muslim League was founded in 1906 to safeguard the rights of Indian Muslims. At first the league was encouraged by the British and was generally favorable to their rule, but the organization adopted self-government for India as its goal in 1913. December 1, 1914 Henry Ford and Assembly Line
Ford's engineers took the first step towards this goal by designing the Model T, a simple, sturdy car, offering no factory options -- not even a choice of color. The Model T, first produced in 1908, kept the same design until the last one -- number 15,000,000 -- rolled off the line in 1927. Ford realized he'd need a more efficient way to produce the car in order to lower the price.