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Bioethics

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by

Fer Bll

on 25 August 2015

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Transcript of Bioethics

Issues
Animal rights
Body modification
Cloning
Genetically-modified food
Genetically-modified organism
Great Ape Project
Healthcare
Case: Our Pregnant Daughter Didn’t Want This...
Janet and Jack, are a happy couple, they are going to have a baby. While driving, another driver ran a red light. Jack died in this accident and Janet is in a vegetable state. “I do NOT want my life to be extended by means of medically assisted nutrition and hydration, ventilator, or other life support.” -Janet had said on her health directive. Her parents were willing to do it, but the doctor stops them, because she was carrying someone else's life.
Health directives are invalid when being pregnant.
Sources
Classical Issues: Abortion
Medical procedure to end a pregnancy.
It is not justifiable because it's not ethical to end someone's else life.
Classical Issues:
Euthanasia
Euthanasia is the end of a very sick person's life in order to relieve them of their suffering.
It's justifiability depends on the case.
It's a field of study concerned with the ethics and philosophical implications of certain biological and medical procedures, technologies, and treatments, as organ transplants, genetic engineering, and care of the terminally ill.
Bioethics
Types
In passive euthanasia they don't directly take the patient's life, they just allow them to die.
"What Is Bioethics." What Is Bioethics. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May 2014. <http://www.bioethics.msu.edu/about/whatisbioethics>.

"bioethics." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 6 May 2014. <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/bioethics>

"Abortion ." Abortion. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May 2014. <http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Abortion/Pages/Introduction.aspx>

"Ethics Guide." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 5 May 2014. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/>

"Case Studies - Our Pregnant Daughter Didn't Want This." Case Studies - Our Pregnant Daughter Didn't Want This. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 May 2014. <http://www.practicalbioethics.org/case-studies-our-pregnant-daughter-didn-t-want-this>.

Naik, Abhijit. "Bioethical Issues." Buzzle. Buzzle.com, n.d. Web. 6 May 2014. <http://www.buzzle.com/articles/bioethical-issues.html>.
Jorge Navarro
Fer Berdeja

Voluntary euthanasia occurs at the request of the person who dies.
Non-voluntary euthanasia occurs when the person is unconscious or otherwise unable to make a meaningful choice between living and dying, an appropriate person takes the decision on their behalf.

Human cloning
Nano medicine
Organ transplant
Recreational drug use
Sperm donation
Spiritual drug use
Suicide
4. What decision would you be making as Janet’s parental surrogate, and why?
We would choose to keep her alive so that "our" grandson/daughter can live until it's born.

5. Ought someone to be a surrogate for Janet’s fetus, or not? And why or why not?
Yes, because it's a living organism and it need to be given voice if he/she does not have it.
1. What should be done now for Janet and her parents, and on what grounds?
Nothing because the health directives are invalid due to the pregnancy, thanks to this the parents have no opinion on her daughters life.

2. What values underlie the statute making a pregnant woman’s healthcare treatment declarations of “no effect” while pregnant?
The most important is respect.

3. Do you agree or disagree with this statute, and on what grounds?
We agree with this statements because this way we can save the life of people who have no voice on it's own.
Questions
Animal rights: Acknowledging the fundamental rights of animals, like we acknowledge our own rights

Body modification: Deliberate altering of the human body for non-medical reasons.

Cloning: Research involving creation of a copy of some biological entity.

Genetically-modified food: Consumption of food derived from genetically modified organisms.

Great Ape Project: Advocating the idea of conferring basic legal rights on non-human great apes.

Organ transplant: Moving an organ from the body of the donor to the body of the recipient.

Recreational drug use: The use of psychoactive substances with the intention of getting a 'high'.

Sperm donation: A man donating his sperm to inseminate or impregnate a woman who is not his sexual partner.

Spiritual drug use: The use of psychoactive substances in religious, or spiritual context.

Suicide: The act of killing oneself intentionally.
Definitions
Full transcript