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Kansas History Ch. 1 Part I

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Ashley Carlson

on 6 August 2013

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Transcript of Kansas History Ch. 1 Part I

7th Kansas History
Chapter 1, Part I
Home on the Range
History vs. Geography

History tells us about the people who came before us.

Geography introduces us to the natural features of earth


Both look at where and how people live.
America's Heartland
Kansas is the center of the conterminous U.S. (Smith County)

Physical Features
State is subtle, but not flat.

More Physical Features
Absolute Location:

latitude & longitude

Kansas is between the 37th and 40th parallels north latitude and between 94 and 102 degrees of west longitude.
Relative Location:
explains where a place is in relation to other places. Kansas is next to Colorado and below Nebraska. It is "landlocked". Kansas has only one natural border, the Missouri River.
Southeast corner is 700 feet above sea level but rises more than 4,000 feet at it's western border.

This is because the elevation rises so gradually.

Eastern Kansas:
wooded areas and rolling hills

Western Kansas:
high plains (flat, treeless, low levels of rainfall
1/3 of Kansas is prarie

When the area is too wet to be a desert, but too dry to be a forest

80% of prarie is underground (long root systems that can survive)
Permian Sea
Kansas was once covered by a shallow ocean of salt water.

Organic material decayed and limestone, coal, oil, and natural gas formed
Tallgrass Prarie
Used to cover much of the central U.S. but has since been plowed down for agricultural purposes.

Tallgrass prarie is one of the most endangered ecosystems
All of the rivers and streams in Kansas eventually drain into the Mississippi River, which flows into the Gulf of Mexico.
Ogallala Aquifer
Underground reservoir created millions of years ago.

The aquifer runs under other states too.

Used for irrigation (years of pumping water from it and drought have reduced the supply)
Few natural lakes
Cheyenne Bottoms
Water can be scarce in Kansas
Kansas took legal action against Colorado for the rights to the Arkansas River.
Full transcript