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Kansas History Ch. 1 Part I
Transcript of Kansas History Ch. 1 Part I
Chapter 1, Part I
Home on the Range
History vs. Geography
History tells us about the people who came before us.
Geography introduces us to the natural features of earth
Both look at where and how people live.
Kansas is the center of the conterminous U.S. (Smith County)
State is subtle, but not flat.
More Physical Features
latitude & longitude
Kansas is between the 37th and 40th parallels north latitude and between 94 and 102 degrees of west longitude.
explains where a place is in relation to other places. Kansas is next to Colorado and below Nebraska. It is "landlocked". Kansas has only one natural border, the Missouri River.
Southeast corner is 700 feet above sea level but rises more than 4,000 feet at it's western border.
This is because the elevation rises so gradually.
wooded areas and rolling hills
high plains (flat, treeless, low levels of rainfall
1/3 of Kansas is prarie
When the area is too wet to be a desert, but too dry to be a forest
80% of prarie is underground (long root systems that can survive)
Kansas was once covered by a shallow ocean of salt water.
Organic material decayed and limestone, coal, oil, and natural gas formed
Used to cover much of the central U.S. but has since been plowed down for agricultural purposes.
Tallgrass prarie is one of the most endangered ecosystems
All of the rivers and streams in Kansas eventually drain into the Mississippi River, which flows into the Gulf of Mexico.
Underground reservoir created millions of years ago.
The aquifer runs under other states too.
Used for irrigation (years of pumping water from it and drought have reduced the supply)
Few natural lakes
Water can be scarce in Kansas
Kansas took legal action against Colorado for the rights to the Arkansas River.