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Cells: Mitochondria and Cytoplasm

Take a look at the organelles mitochondria and cytoplasm as we got up close view of what they look like and how they function!
by

Vanessa Galici

on 1 March 2011

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Transcript of Cells: Mitochondria and Cytoplasm

The Mitochondria The mitochondria can be found inside the cytoplasm, the mitochondria is an important organelle that produces most of the energy needed to carry out cells functions. You could think of the mitochondria as the furnace of the cell. Here is an up close look at the Mitochondria Many Muscle cells have large numbers of mitochondria, Since they are very active. If we didn't have the mitochondria then our cells wouldn't have enough energy and couldn't function properly. For example, if an embryo, for whatever reason, didn't have mitochondrion, then it would never develop. You would also have high sugar levels since another function of the mitochondrion is to help break down sugar. The end result, you would be most likely to get diabetes. Facts about the Mitochondrion:
1. Mitochondria have a double membrane around them.
2. The inner membrane is highly folded to form structures called cristae. Cristae is an internal compartment inside the mitochondria.
3. The inner section of the mitochondrion is called the matrix. Cytoplasm: The Cytoplasm is the region between the cell membrane and the nucleus; in organisims without a necleus, the region located inside the cell membrane. You could think of the cytoplasm as the "jelly" of the cell, because it holds most of the organelles together. Here is an example of cytoplasm If we did not have the cytoplasm then the cell would basically fall apart because the cytoplasm is what holds the cell together. It would be like us living without a spine.
Facts about Cytoplasm:
1.It's located in middle of the cell between the cell membrane and the nucleus.

2. The cytoplasm is jelly like fluid not a part.

3. Plants and animal cells have a cytoplasm. Golgi Body The Golgi Body got it's name from the Italian physician Camillio Golgi who discovered it in 1897. The main function of the Golgi body is to modify, sort, and package proteins and other materials from the endoplasmic reticulum for storage in the cell. Here is what the Golgi Body looks like You could think of the Golgi Body
as the "mailroom" of the cell. If we did not have
the golgi body then the cell wouldn't be able to package the proteins and the cell would become very weak and eventually die. Facts about the Golgi Body:
1. The golgi body recieves substances from the endoplasmic reticulum.
2. It is made of a stack of membrane-bound sacs.
3. The cell wall of plant cells is moved to the outside of the membrane by Golgi bodies. Print Sources:
1. Cells Guided Reading Notes
2. Cells And Heredity Scxience Book Web Sources:
1. www.wikipedia.org
2. www. google.com/images
3. www.kscience.co.uk/as/module1/mitochondria.htm The End. By: Vanessa Galici
and Jamie Zepp
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