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The Piano

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Burrus

on 8 January 2013

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Transcript of The Piano

and How it Changed
the World of Music The Piano and How it Changed the World of Music The Piano The Invention Many kinds (grand, upright, electric)
Modern pianos have about 240 to 253 strings distributed over 88 keys-52 white and 36 black (seven octaves)
Pianos are very popular-seemingly everywhere Present Day Harpsichord, Clavichord (played by plucking strings; used keyboard), and Dulcimer (played by hitting strings; no keyboard)
No dynamics-couldn't play louder or softer by force put on the keys
The keyboard itself originated with the Greeks in the Second Century Before the Piano By Grace X. Knighton, Simon Janzen, and Taylor Merrill Special Thanks To: Invented by Bartolommeo Cristofori
1709
Allowed people to play with dynamics
" The ablity to play a different note with each finger, and to make each note soft or loud, gives the piano a tremendous range of expression."
Only about 61 keys Definition 1) a softly performed passage or tone( as in voice or instrument)
2) a musical instrument in which felt-covered hammers, operated from a keyboard, strike the metal strings. The Piano: The Cristofori Piano: The History of the Piano 1709 1100's The Origins of the Piano 2012 The Modern Piano Grand Piano Electric Piano Upright Piano Clavichord Harpsichord Dulcimer How is music important to your everyday life? The Harpsichord Modern Day Piano The Dulcimer The Harpsichord The Clavichord Definition: a small keyboard instrument
the player could play small crescendos and diminuendos; was no match compared to harpsichord
played and used in the Middle Ages
delicate sound; even the loudest tone was soft.
dynamic range: limited played by pressing the keys
appeared in Italy in the 1400s and remained popular until the 1750s
was unable to change dynamics slowly--it was either loud or soft
the maximum number of sets of strings were three sets of strings, but earlier versions only had one string per key Definition: an ancient stringed instrument
originated from the Persians
brought to Europe by the Crusaders
popular in the 1600s
played by hitting the strings with sticks that have small knobs at the end
wooden sound; soft and sweet tone
in 1697, Pantaleon Hebenstrieit, a German musician, discovered that you could get different tones by using hammers made of different materials
instrument's sound/tone/dynamic capabilities equal to the harpsichord's.
this instrument led to the invention of the piano Definition: the key board instrument in vented in 1709 by Bartolommeo Cristofori
one of the first of the musical instruments
popular from the 1700s to modern day
range of more than seven octaves
allows two people to play at once
played by pressing keys
two strings per key
allows the player to use a great range of dynamics
can be played from soft to loud as quick as the player decides
players could use a choice of three different pedals to make the sound of the piano more colorful
early pianos were small
the earlier pianos' sound/tone was light and delicate
many different kinds of pianos; grand, concert, up right The Forerunners of the Piano Maddy Davis
Emma Hotaling
Katrina Siems
Kendall Schemmer
Brynn Belyea What is the importance of dynamics?
1)gradations of intensity of sound in music Dynamics: "By the exercise of infinite art, to render this instrument capable of expression."
-Cristofori The Piano The Piano: The Early Piano The Dulcimer The Harpsichord The Clavichord the player could play small crescendos and diminuendos, but was no match compared to harpsichord
played and used in the Middle Ages
delicate sound; even the loudest tone was soft.
dynamic range: limited appeared in Italy in the 1400s and remained popular until the 1750s
was unable to change dynamics slowly--it was either loud or soft
the maximum number of strings per key was three, but earlier versions only had one string per key an ancient stringed instrument from the Persians
brought to Europe by the Crusaders
popular in the 1600s
played by hitting the strings with sticks that have small knobs at the end
wooden sound; soft and sweet tone
in 1697, Pantaleon Hebenstrieit, a German musician, discovered that you could get different tones by using hammers made of different materials
instrument's sound/tone/dynamic capabilities equal to the harpsichord's The Forerunners of the Piano The Idea Bartolommeo Cristofori had a job as an instrument cleaner, so he was around instruments a lot. Later, when his employer approached him about building an instrument that would have a greater dynamic range, he started thinking. He took ideas from the many different instruments that he was around, and pretty soon he had the world's first piano. History:
Definition: the key board instrument invented in 1709 by Bartolommeo Cristofori
popular from the 1700s to modern day
early pianos were small
two strings per key Tone:
the earlier pianos' sound/tone was light and delicate
players could use a choice of three different pedals to make the sound of the piano more colorful Abilities:
allows the player to use a great range of dynamics
can be played from soft to loud as quick as the player decides
range of more than seven octaves
allows two people to play at once
two strings per key
can be played from soft to loud as quick as the player decides Interviews... Brynn Belyea
Band director at Los Osos Middle School Emma Hotaling
Student at Los Osos Middle School Cresendos Decresendos
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