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Bone Cancer

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by

Cynthia Tran

on 19 June 2013

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Transcript of Bone Cancer

Bone Cancer
"Bone Cancer."National Cancer Institute. NCI. 16 June 2013<http://
www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Sites-Types/bone>.
"Bone cancer (sarcoma) - Causes."NHS Choices. Department of Health. 9 June
2013<http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Cancer-of-the-bone/Pages/Causes.aspx>.
"Bone cancer (sarcoma) - Treatment."NHS Choices. Department of Health. 9
June 2013<http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Cancer-of-the-bone/Pages/
Treatment.aspx>.
Chatterjee, Tilottama."Onlymyhealth."MMI Online Ltd. 9 June 2013<http://
www.onlymyhealth.com/bone-cancer-life-expectancy-1305028025>.
Nordqvist, Christian."What Is Bone Cancer? What Causes Bone Cancer?"
Medial News Today. MediLexicon International Ltd. 9 June 2013<http://
www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/171372.php>.

Treatment
treatment mainly depends on the type, size, location, stage
of cancer, and general health
Treatments include:
SURGERY-

Is the usual treatment for bone cancer, when the doctor removes the entire tumor to make sure none of the cancer is left. This allows people to avoid the amputation.

CHEMOTHERAPY-
Is anti-cancer drugs to kill the cancer cells and from dividing and growing, usually people would have a combination of these

RADIATION THERAPY-
Uses high energy X-ray (radiation) to kill cancer cells, it destroys
their ability to reproduce by damaging their DNA

Life Expectancy
no one can really tell how long people are going to live for, it really depends on:

1. How far the cancer has spread.
2. The physical and mental strength of the person.
3. The time when it was first detected.
4. The type of treatment received.
found that osteosarcoma happens when there is a high amount of external radiation therapy and anticancer drugs
Osteosarcoma
starts in the osteoid tissue of the bone (when the osteoid isn't mineralize, production of cancerous osteoid cells can happen)
occurs usually in the knee or upper arm
Chondrosarcoma
What is Bone Cancer? (A.K.A Sarcoma)
Works Cited
Real World Example?
Causes
when there is an abnormal amount to cell growth in one area of the human body
a cancerous tumor in the bone that destroys normal
bone tissue
not all bone tumors are cancerous, such as osteoid osteoma or osteochondroma
it is more common to develop a non-cancerous bone tumor than one that is cancerous
there are two different sections of
bone cancer:
Stages of Cancer
Stage 1-

The cancer has not spread out of the bone and is not an aggressive one (about 85% chance of surviving)
Stage 2-

Same as Stage 1 but it is an aggressive cancer
Stage 3-

Tumors exist in multiple places of the bone
Stage 4- The cancer has spread to other parts of the body
(about 30% chance of surviving)
Primary Bone Cancer
&
Secondary Bone Cancer (A.k.A Metastatic Cancer)
Different Types of
Bone Cancer
no defined cause for bone cancer
usually occurs in children or really young adults up to 20 probably because their osteoid is still unmineralized
1
2
3
4
THE END
small part can be heredity
ex. a rare eye disease that affects children called retinoblastoma
Causes
starts in the cartilaginous tissue
cartilage near the end of the bone line of joints
often occurs in the pelvis, upper leg and shoulder
The Ewing Sarcoma Family of Tumors (ESFTs)
can start in the bone or even soft tissue
scientists think that this happens because of little nerve or soft tissues in the bone
often starts in the pelvis, backbone, legs, and arms
people who have a history with Paget's disease are know to have a higher risk of bone cancer
people with a rare genetic condition called Li-Fraumeni syndrome
people who have metal implants are more likely to receive osteosarcoma
Effects
pain is the most common symptom in bone cancer but not all of them cause pain
persistent, unusual pain, or swelling in the area
some bone will weaken which would create higher risks of fractures
a lump may be felt in that infected area
IT IS VERY IMPORTANT TO SEE YOU DOCTOR SO THAT THEY CAN DETERMINE THE CAUSES
By: Cynthia Tran
A bone cancer cell that will develop into a tumor
You'll see...
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