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INFLUENCE OF SEX AND AGE IN LANGUAGE USE

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Ayu Monita Eka Shinta

on 12 October 2013

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Transcript of INFLUENCE OF SEX AND AGE IN LANGUAGE USE

SOCIOLINGUISTIC
INFLUENCE OF SEX AND AGE ON LANGUAGE USE
How to differentiate sex and gender?
Women and Men languages
Age
Sexist Language
Indexing
A distinction has sometimes been drawn between:
Gender or Sex?
Sex has come to refer to
categories distinguished by
biological characteristic,
then we used the term gender.
Gender is more appropriate
for distinguishing people
on the basis of
their socio-cultural behaviour,
including speech.
(Holmes – Page 157)


Detail 3
Amin Manjaya-C11.2011.01250
Ayu Monita – C11.2010.01185
Lidiana Astuti – C11.2012.01319
Rani A. P. - C11.2010.01114

a. Differences in language used (given by Holmes 2001: 159)
A community is very hierarchical
Example: In Bengali society

Gender-Preferential Speech Features:
Social Dialect Researches
A preferential feature is one that is distributed across speakers or groups, but is used more frequently by some than by others.

Gender-Exclusive Speech Differences:
Highly Structured Communities
So-called exclusive features are those which are only used by (or to) speakers of a particular sex.
Gender-Exclusive Speech Differences:
Highly Structured Communities
b. Differences in linguistic features (eg. found in Jespersen 1922)
1. Women and men do not speak in exactly in the same way as each other in any community.

2. Particular linguistic features occur only in the women’s speech or only in the men’s speech.
a. These features are usually small differences in pronunciation between women and men.
b. These features are usually small differences in word-shape (morphology) between women and men.
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