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Writing Informative/Explanatory Text

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by

Mrs. Turk

on 7 October 2014

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Transcript of Writing Informative/Explanatory Text

The Writing Process
Step 2: Drafting
Step 3: Revising
Step 4: Editing
Step 5: Publishing
Select a topic or theme.
Consider the audience and purpose.
Brainstorm ideas.
Do your research.
Organize your ideas.
Select a topic or theme.
For informative/explanatory writing, choose a topic that is neither too broad or nor too narrow.
For argumentative writing, decide what your claim will be, but remember that you might change your view after doing your research.
For narrative writing (real or imaginative), decide on a main character or characters, a conflict, and a theme or message.
Consider the audience and purpose.
Who will read or listen to your writing?
Will the reader or listener be your age, younger, or older?
What does the reader or listener already know?
Do you want to persuade, inform, and/or entertain your reader?
Brainstorm ideas.
Make lists of what you already know.
Decide what you will need to find out.
Determine what research you will need to do and what your sources will be.
Discuss your ideas with a peer and/or an adult.
Do your research.
Take notes as you research. Use your own words, summarizing or paraphrasing the information. You do not need complete sentences for notes. You may copy a quote directly if you wish.
Make sure you are using credible sources.
Use research to answer questions such as: Who? What? When? Where? Why? How?
Use a variety of sources.
Organize your ideas.
For informative/explanatory writing, you might use web or bubble diagrams, graphic organizers that show a main idea and supporting details, or an outline.
Organizing strategies for argumentative writing are similar to those for informative writing. One difference is that you must think about opposing viewpoints.
To plan a narrative piece of writing, use a story map or plot line. You can also create webs to help you to develop the characters or describe the setting.
Special types of organizers for informative/explanatory writing are cause and effect, compare and contrast, and chronological order diagrams.
Sometimes authors of informative/explanatory writing,use index cards to take notes. Then they sort and organize the index cards.
Keep track of where you are getting your information so you can cite your sources.
Use your graphic organizer or outline as you write. Write using complete sentences, varying sentence type and length. Use your own words!
Keep your notes together in a safe place.
Sometimes it's better
not
to write the paragraphs in the order they will appear in your paper. Many authors write the body paragraphs of an informative or argumentative paper before they write the introductory paragraph and conclusion.
Use transition words and phrases when appropriate.
Step 1: Prewriting
Sentence Variety
If you vary the length of your sentences, your writing have "flow" and will sound better when read aloud.
Write some simple sentence with one subject and one verb, or more than one subject and/or verb.
Try using some compound sentences, which a are two sentences joined by a comma and a coordinating or "Fanboys" conjunction. (
F
or,
a
nd,
n
or,
b
ut,
o
r,
y
et,
s
o)
Laws were passed over twenty years ago to protect humpbacks and other whales, but some countries are no longer abiding by those laws.
Try using some complex sentences, in which there is one independent clause and one dependent clause preceded by a subordinating conjunction such as "because" or "when." (A clause has a subject and a verb.) Use a comma after an introductory dependent clause.
Manta rays are endangered because they are being hunted for their gills.
When certain types of pigs and dogs were introduced to the island, they began eating raiding leatherback turtle nests and eating the eggs.
It's okay to cross out & change wording when drafting.
Transitional Words and Phrases

Read your paper aloud to make sure it sounds right.
Transitions are signals or cues that show the relationships between ideas in your writing.
Transitions help the reader follow your train of thought.
Transitions can show a progression of ideas, cause and effect, or the degree of certainty.
Transitions can signal that an example, a different idea, or a conclusion will follow.
A-R-R-R! Learn to be a ruthless reviser!
Add
: details, support, transitions, and explanations.
Rearrange
: sentences, paragraphs, and grouping of ideas. Make sure all parts of your paper are evenly developed.
Remove
: anything that is repetitive, off-topic, inaccurate, or confusing
Replace
: vague nouns, boring verbs, leads that fail to draw the reader in, and repetitive sentence beginnings. You might even find that you no longer agree with the thesis you wrote. If so, change it!
Check those G.U.M.S.!
Grammar
: Make sure that your sentences are complete and correctly formed.
Usage
: Make sure that you've used verbs, plural and possessive nouns, pronouns, and modifiers correctly. Be careful about homophones such as their/there/they're.
Mechanics
: Examine your writing to be sure that capitalization and punctuation are correct. Make sure that you indent at the beginning of paragraphs.
Spelling
: Sound out words to spell them. It helps to break longer words into parts. Consult spell checkers or other resources if you're not sure.
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