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mimi ghourani

on 27 May 2010

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Transcript of STRESS


Stress is the emotional and physical strain caused by our response to pressure from the outside world. The individual responds to stress in ways that affect the individual as well as their environment. When you sense danger- whether it’s real or imagined- the body’s defences kick into a high gear in a rapid, automatic process known as the “fight-or-flight” reaction, or the stress response.

In our society today, stress level has been increasing because of the different types of opportunities that come in our daily lives. Example, investments, bills, etc. These can go perfectly fine or terribly wrong. Investment can leave people profiting from it or lead them to dept. Dept nowadays has been increasing in our society because of the open doors for people to take out loans, spend money and pay later, unfortunately credit cards and visas and all these types of sorts of things can leave people in dept if they can’t pay them later.
WHAT CAUSES STRESS Stress at work:

-The demands of the job
-How your colleagues treat you
-Working long hours

Family Stress:

-Working long hours
-House Chores
-Spousal relationships
Stress is not healthy for your body.
-Heart problems
-Social isolation
-Upset stomach
-Increase heart rate
-Sometimes lose/gain weight
WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF STRESS? These are the major types of stress that can be broken down into four different categories. They are: Eustress, Hyperstress, Hypostress, and Distress.
MAJOR TYPES OF STRESS (Positive&Negative Definition: This is the type of ‘positive’ stress that keeps us vital and excited about life. The excitement of a roller-coaster ride, a scary movie, or a fun challenge are all examples of eustress.

You might all think that since Euestress is a type of stress, that is it damaging and harmful. Well you thought wrong because it is one of the most helpful types of stress. It's the most positive stress that can be healthy and beneficial for you. Basically eustress is the type of stress you experience right before you have the need to use physical force. It prepares the muscles, heart, and mind for the strength needed for whatever is about to happen. Human beings actually need eustress because it gives a meaning to life. Without eustress, you will not be able to feel excited or struggle more to do a particular task.
Eustress brings out ones creativity, and boosts one’s self esteem and gives them energy. This type of stress will be commonly found in athletes. They will experience eustress before they play a intense game. When they experience this type of stress it will give them the enthusiasm to play there hardest and possibly win the game.
Eustress Definition: Stress is the body's reaction to a change that requires a physical, mental or emotional adjustment or response. Stress can come from any situation or thought that makes you feel frustrated, angry, nervous, or anxious. Stress is caused by an existing stress-causing factor or "stressor."
Dealing with a serious illness or caring for someone who is can cause a great deal of stress.

This type of stress is considered a negative kind that could be extremely dangerous. When an individual has this type of stress there mind frequently changes and adjusts very quickly. People with this type of stress are only comfortable with a familiar type of routine. There are actually two types of distress: acute stress and chronic stress.
Definition: Acute stress is experienced in response to an immediate perceived threat, either physical, emotional or psychological. The threat can be real or imagined; it’s the perception of threat that triggers the response. During an acute stress response, the autonomic nervous system is activated and the body experiences increased levels of cortisol, adrenalin and other hormones that produce an increased heart rate, quickened breathing rate, and higher blood pressure. Blood is shunted from the extremities to the big muscles, preparing the body to fight or run away. This is also known as the fight-or-flight response.

Acute stress is a type of stress that comes right away with a change of routine. It is an powerful type of stress, but it passes quickly. Acute stress is the body's way of getting a person to stand up and take inventory of what is going on, to make sure that everything is ok. When you are experiencing fear, a certain condition called acute stress emerges. A frightening or threatening situation generates a so-called acute stress response. It is also known as 'shock' or 'mental shock' which many psychologists refer to.
Acute Stress
Definition: Chronic stress is defined as a condition of continuing physiological stimulation. It happens when the body is exposed to so many stress stimuli that it does not have the chance to activate its coping mechanism. The body perceives that stimuli as a threat and tries to cope up with it. But due to the enormous amount of stress stimuli, the body burns out its coping capability. The result is chronic stress which can cause people to become ill, whether physically or emotionally.

The body doesn’t distinguish between physical and psychological threats. When you’re stressed over a busy schedule or an argument with a friend, your body reacts just as strongly as if you were facing a life-or-death situation. The more your body’s stress system is activated, the easier it is to trip and the harder it is to shut off. Chronic stress can cause depression. Depression has many possible causes towards a human beings body. If you don’t cope well with stress, it will cause major problems in life. If you have chronic stress, you should consult a doctor or therapist to discuss ways to minimize stress and its negative impact on your physical and emotional health.
Chronic Stress The most dangerous thing about stress is how easily it can creep up on you. You get used to it. It starts to feel familiar, even normal. You don’t notice how much it’s affecting you, even as it takes a heavy toll.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF STRESS OVERLOAD How a person copes with stress — by reaching for a beer or cigarette as opposed to heading to the gym — also plays a big role in the impact stress will have on our bodies.
Coping with stress can be pretty powerful. The proper way to cope with stress would be taking deep breaths, take regular breaks from your work, if relationships tend to make you stressed, END IT, if that isn’t possible, remember that you may not be in control of their behaviour, but you are in control of how you react with it.
Another excellent way to control your body’s response with stress would be meditating.
Things I do to always keep calm and relaxed would be: Listening to soft music, taking a nice 30min-1hour hot bath, light scented candles while lying down, or just going to sleep.
Psychologist Connie Lillus uses a driving analogy to describe the three most common ways people respond to stress:
Foot on the gas: An angry or agitated stress response. You're heated, keyed up, overly emotional, and unable to sit still.

Foot on the brake: A withdrawn or depressed stress response. You shut down, space out, and show very little energy or emotion.

Foot on both: A tense and frozen stress response. You "freeze" under pressure and can't do anything. You look paralyzed, but under the surface you're extremely agitated.

Thank you
By: Meera Ghourani Too Much Stress Can Cause Many Problems That Will Affect Your Body
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