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APHG Migration

Sudan's Lost Boys
by

Tate Kollar

on 24 October 2012

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Transcript of APHG Migration

Sudan's Lost Boys During the second Sudanese Civil War (1983-2005) over 20,000 groups of "Lost Boys" of the Nuer and Dinka ethnic groups were displaced or orphaned. 2.5 million were killed and millions more left homeless or without their family. An estimated 4 million refugees made the trek to Ethiopia and then to Kenya seeking safety in camps. They walked hundreds of kilometers and faced disease, starvation, dehydration, and gunfire. Type of Migration Sudan's Lost Boys is an example of a forced international migration. They were compelled to move because of religious and political persecution.They migrated out of their country to Ethiopia, Kenya, and the United States. Push and Pull Factors Push: Religious and Political persecution, government militia attacks, being sold into slavery.

Pull: Refuge in camps, religious freedom and rest, political protection. Gravity Model The Lost Boys of Sudan follow Ravenstein's migration law of relocating short distances. Most Lost Boys migrated to the nearest refuge camps in Ethiopia and Kenya. Ravenstein's law of migrants heading to major economic activity centers is defied by a majority (8,500) of the Sudanese that migrated to the U.S. moving to Omaha, Nebraska. Intervening obstacles The Lost Boys faced many obstacles including dehydration, starvation, sickness, and attack from enemy soldiers and wild animals. One major obstacle was Ethiopia's newly elected government who banned the Lost Boys, forcing them to re-cross their war torn country and seek refuge in northwest Kenya. Attitudes Toward Immigrants Sudanese migrants have faced many hardships to be in a safe country, and many were unable to overcome the obstacles they faced. Attitudes toward the migrants have been for the most part well-meaning but that cannot overcome their sense of isolation and detachment from their culture. Sources Wikipedia

International Rescue Committee

UMCOR

Family.com http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lost_Boys_of_Sudan

http://www.rescue.org/lost-boys-sudan

http://gbgm-umc.org/umcor/update/lostboys.stm

http://family.go.com/entertainment/article-csm-82543-video-dvd-review--lost-boys-of-sudan-t/ Other Info Many Sudanese migrants followed a chain migration to Omaha, Nebraska. They moved to this particular place to be with others from their country and of their culture. For some girls resettling in the U.S. was difficult because they had already been placed in a temporary home with another family. The U.S. government saw them not as orphaned refugees but as having a home, making them ineligible for the resettling process. *arrows not drawn to scale Some lost boys beginning their journey to Ethiopia (Left), the book War Child, written by Emmanuel Jal (Middle), and a migration map of Sudan (Right). The most important thing about Sudan's Lost Boys migration is that millions were killed and even more left without food, family, or shelter. This should encourage us to take action against abusive governments and help those who cannot help themselves.
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