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Career Development and Life Planning

Historical stages
by

Naiely Martinez

on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of Career Development and Life Planning

I. 1890-1919 II. 1920-1939 III. 1940- 1959 VI. 1960-1979 V. 1980-1999 VI.2000-2012 World Events Counseling High Points World Events Counseling High Points World Events Counseling High Points World Events Counseling High Points World Events Counseling High Points World Events Counseling High Points Post Civil War Reconstruction Industrial changes in America caused many people to move to cities for work Millions of people start to immigrate to America in search of better life and/or to escape WW1. Frank Parsons Father of Vocational Guidance 1909 Scopes trial starts controversy over teaching evolution Women attain right to vote The Great Depression U.S. population is 115-127 million,
U.S. produces more than a third of the world's goods African americans move from rural areas to urban areas due to increased pay. Achievement Testing in Schools

Educational Guidance in Elementary and Middle Schools 1938 The Occupational Information and Guidance Service was established under George-Dean Act funds in the Division of Vocational Education, U.S. Office of Education. 1939 How to Counsel Students
by E. G. Williamson published 1928 Clark L Hull published APTITUDE TESTING, suggesting that human traits could be matched with job requirements. 1933 The U.S. Employment Service was created by the Wagner-Peyser Act. The National Vocational Guidance Association (NVGA) was formed in 1913 in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Its first publication, the Vocational Guidance Bulletin, was started in 1915. In 1984, Norman Gysbers edited Designing Careers: Counseling to Enhance Education, Work, and Leisure, the third NVGA decennial volume. 1988 Iran-Iraq war ends 1981: First Woman appointed to US Supreme Court Susan D. O'Connor 1987: ‘ Black Monday’ stock market crash affects companies around the world 1981: Personal Computers (PC) introduced by IBM 1980
Iran and Iraq war begins UN founds the World Health Organization (WHO) D-Day: Allies land in Normandy Second World War ends UN General Assembly adopts the
Universal Declaration of Human Rights U.S. Supreme Court rules racial segregation unconstitutional 1946 George-Barden Act establishing funds for counselor training programs in all states. 1948 SAT published by the Educational Testing Service 1948 Occupational Outlook first published 1951 The American Personnel and Guidance Association (APGA) is formed by the merger of The American College Personnel Association, National Association of Guidance Supervisors and College Trainers, National Vocational Guidance Association, and Student Personnel Association for Teacher Education. 1951- 1966 Career development theories became landmarks in career counseling movement 1951 Ginzberg, Ginsberg, Axelrad, and Herma developed and published career development and occupational choice theory. 1956 Roe developed and published career development and occupational choice theory. 1956 Blau, Gustad, Jessor, Parnes and Wilcox developed and published career development and occupational choice theory. 1957 Super developed and published career development and occupational choice theory. 1959 The American College Testing Program ACT was founded. Growth of educational guidance in colleges and universities and in the training of counselors 1974 U.S. President Richard M. Nixon resigns Apollo 11, leads to the landing of
Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin on the Moon Man lands on the Moon In the U.S.A., civil rights legislation bans racial discrimination U.S. President John F. Kennedy assassinated in Dallas, Texas Bay of Pigs invasion fails The first manned lunar expedition 1960s The Career Counseling movement was increasingly supported by federal and local governmental bodies, including schools and universities. Manpower Legislation to create new jobs was passed. 1963 Tiedeman and O'Hara developed and published career development and occupational choice theory.


1966 Holland developed and published
career development and occupational choice theory. 1976 The National Occupational Information Coordinating Committee was established by Congress. It's purpose was to sponsor projects to establish national career counseling and development guidelines at state and local levels. 1970s The Career education movement was created to specifically address career development, attitudes, and values infused within traditional learning. Career education focused on career awareness, career exploration, values clarification, decision-making skills, career orientation, and career preparation. 1963 Amendments to Vocational Educational Act of 1963
provided guidance in schools and counselor training flourished 1964 Civil Rights Legislation enacted. Comparative studies of the effects of computer-assisted career guidance systems with and without counselor assistance to users began to appear in the professional literature. In 1986, The Vocational Guidance Quarterly was renamed The Career Development Quarterly. In 1984, the Report of the National Commission on Secondary Vocational Education, reaffirmed the importance of strong career guidance programs to vocational education. In 1984, the credentialing of nationally certified career counselors (NCCC) was initiated. In 1985, the NVGA changed its name to the National Career Development Association. In 1984, the Carl D. Perkins Vocational Education Act advocated programs designed to improve, extend, and expand career guidance and counseling programs to meet the needs of vocational education students and potential students In 1982, the Joint Training Partnership Act (JTPA) replaced the Community Employment Training Act (GETA), providing career guidance for disadvantaged youth and for workers needing retraining. In 1982, Carol Gilligan published In a Different Voice, stimulating renewed attention to the differential career behavior of women and men. 1998 The Workforce Investment Act offered career services to disadvantaged youth, adults, and dislocated workers. 1990s The Internet offered career counseling Web sites that are increasingly being used by job seekers and adults in career transition. 1994 School-to-Work Opportunities Act was passed which provided funds to enhance school-to-school and school-to-work transitions. 1992 The Americans with Disabilities Act was passed to provide that employers are to have reasonable work accommodations for persons with disabilities. 1992
Official End of the Cold War
Riots in Los Angeles After the Rodney King Verdict 1993
Use of the Internet Grows Exponentially
World Trade Center Bombed 1995
Oklahoma City Bombing 1998
U.S. President Clinton Impeached 1999
Killing Spree at Columbine High School
2000 - The dot-com bubble bursts
Personal home computers break the 1GHz barrier 2001 - Wikipedia is launched
September 11th, A devastating terrorist attack leaves 3,000 dead in America
Apple launches the iPod 2003 -
The invasion of Iraq
MySpace is launched
2004
Facebook is launched
World's first 1 gigabyte SD card
2005 - YouTube is launched
USB flash drives replace floppy disks
Hurricane Katrina floods New Orleans 2006
Twitter is launched
2007
Global economic downturn
Apple debuts the iPhone
Amazon releases the Kindle 2008
Oil prices hit a record high of $147/barrel
The net continues to boom
2009 - Barack Obama is sworn in as 44th president of the USA
Global Economy, Market Forces, The War on Terrorism will require a Whole Person Perspective. 1995
ACA restructures to accommodate ASCA's and AMHCA's desire to change their division status 1996
Association for Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Issues in Counseling (AGLBIC) formed 2000
Counselors for Social Justice (CSJ), a division of ACA, formed 2004
Association for Creativity in Counseling (ACC), a division of ACA, formed 2003
Minnesota state legislature passes counselor licensure bill 2002
California adopts counselor registry (1st step towards licensure) Multicultural Awareness School shootings Assessment Technology Belinda Gonzalez
Naiely Martinez
Joey Ortiz VII. 2012-2025 Diversity Global Market for new careers Counseling Challenges, Online Services Globalization Crisis Intervention 2004
Association for Creativity in Counseling (ACC), a division of ACA, formed Rise of Violence in Schools
- Sandy Hook Elementary School
History of Counseling
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