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Syazwi Rafaee

on 11 October 2013

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Transcript of Politic

Post Independence of Indonesia
We, the people of Indonesia, hereby declare the independence of Indonesia.
Matters which concern the transfer of power and other things will be executed by careful means and in the shortest possible time.

Djakarta, 17 August 1945
In the name of the people of Indonesia,
[signed] Soekarno—Hatta

Problems after Independence
Euphoria of revolution
Formation of the Republican government
Allied occupation
Battle of Surabaya
Return of the Dutch army
Diplomacy and military offensives
Internal turmoil

No accurate account of how many Indonesians died, they died in far greater numbers than the Europeans, and many died at the hands of other Indonesians
Estimates of Indonesian deaths in fighting range from 45,000 to 100,000 and civilian dead exceeded 25,000 and may have been as high as 100,000
A total of 1,200 British soldiers were killed or went missing in Java and Sumatra in 1945 and 1946, most of them Indian soldiers.
More than 5,000 Dutch soldiers lost their lives in Indonesia between 1945 and 1949. Many more Japanese died; in Bandung alone, 1,057 died, only half of whom died in actual combat, the rest killed in rampages by Indonesians

A lot of the factories and plantation farms were closed down or had been ruined by the fighting in the country.
Food needs are not met and overtime, the shortages became serious.
Government was printing money and inflation began to surge into the hyperinflation range.
There were only a few educated or experienced people to help in the government.
Massive foreign debts.
Deterioration of infrastructure

Problems faced by Sukarno and his Failures
Effect to people
The people suffered economically : Poor quality of Devoted his time to domestic and international politics instead of his country's economic issues.
Verbally abused the West because he found this brought responses from the West, Soviets and Chinese.
-He wanted Indonesia to appear to be at the center of world events.

Unable and unwilling to provide practical solutions to the poor economic condition of the country.
Did not find or allow anyone else to properly treat economic and financial matters.
Spent limited funds on :
-public monuments and buildings
-private luxuries for himself and his four wives
"Everyone is jockeying for power and position within the country's new social structure"
Tens of thousands of Chinese and Eurasians were killed or left homeless, despite the fact that many Chinese supported the revolution
The revolution destroyed a colonial administration ruled from the other side of the world, and dismantled with it the raja, seen by many as obsolete and powerless.
Tremendous energies and aspirations were created amongst Indonesians; a new creative surge was seen in writing and art, as was a great demand for education and modernisation.
The city itself was in pandemonium. There was bloody hand-to-hand fighting on every street corner. Bodies were trewn everywere. Decapitate, dismembered trunks lay piled one on top of the other...Indonesians were shooting and stabbing and murdering widly
Prepared by Woon Lee Lee &
Syazwi Rafaee
Euphoria of revolution
Many Indonesians far from capital Jakarta did not believe it.

Formation of Republican Government
By the end of August, a central Republican Government had been established in Jakarta
Allied Occupation
British were charged with restoring order andcivilian government in Java.
Battle of Surabaya
Full transcript