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Chinese Nationalism and The Rise of Mao
Transcript of Chinese Nationalism and The Rise of Mao
the Rise of Mao Sun Yat-sen led The Republic Revolution in 1911
that ended the Qing Dynasty and the thousands of years of monarchy in china Promoted 3
"people's principles" Mao Zedong Chinese Civil war sun yat-sen tried to find a balance between the communists and the nationalist, but after he died, Chiang kai-shek took over. chiang kai-shek wanted to unify china but he turned on communist allies and began conflict between the two parties.
Fought between the Chinese NAtionalist PArty and the Chinese Communist Party.
army of the communist party consisted mainly of peasants.
the nationalists were supported by the united states and western powers whereas the communist were supported by the soviet union.
eventually, chiang kai-shek and many members of the nationalist party surrendered and retreated to taiwan leaving the communist in power.
the chinese civil war resulted in the death of at least a million chinese. The great leap forward of 1958 Cultural Revolution allowed for employment for
all and a more equal society founder of the Nationalist Party:
Guomingdang Party Independance
State controlled economy mao's attempt to modernize china's economy through agriculture and industRy.
poorly made farm machinery
increase in work-related injuries
LONG HOURS FOR WORKERS
poor agricultural policies AND DEVASTATING DROUGHT led to food shortages and the death of 25 million PEOPLE
as a result of the great leap forward, mao relinquished his power as the head of the communist power but still remained involved with the country. Mao's last attempt to reassert his authority in the communist party in fear of others in the party taking his power within the party and essentially the country.
mao was worried that there was an elite class being formed in china due to the increase in education. better education resulted in better jobs and more power.
mao sent groups of young men called the red guard to go out on the streets and criticize anyone that was a threat the mao.
mao's attempt to squelch anti-communist thoughts and behavior.
resulted in mass chaos in china, turning families, colleagues, and people within the communist party against each other and the death of thousands.
the cultural revolution tore apart the social fabric of china
ended with the death of mao the son of a peasant farmer
began as one of the first members of the communist party and really emerged as a leader after the long march.
wanted to create a classes society
Leader of the Chinese communist party sun yat-sen knew a lot about the west and the way their government worked.
wanted to implement a similarly structured government in china