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Musical Theatre

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Sara Wu

on 30 October 2014

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Transcript of Musical Theatre

Musical Theatre
Timeline of Musicals
Notable Persons
Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein (composers)
Stephan Sonheim (composer)
Julie Taymor (director)
James Lapine (director)
Gene Kelly (choreographer)
Bob Fosse (choreographer)
Twyla Tharp (choreographer)
Hugh Jackman (actor)
Lea Salonga (actor)

What is a Musical?
A musical is a play- with singing and dance parts
Is a theatrical performance featuring acting, choreography, and singing
Musical Films
The Black Crook (1866)
Evil, wealthy Count Wolfenstein seeks to marry the lovely village girl, Amina. With the help of Amina's scheming foster mother Barbara, the Count arranges for Amina's fiancé, Rodolphe, an impoverished artist, to fall into the hands of Hertzog, an ancient, crook-backed master of black magic who seeks to steal Rodolphe's soul.

significant because of a full plot, with music and dancing as relatively equal components
incorporated troupe of ballet dancers into the show
hoped to attract a larger audience with new presentation.
ran for sixteen months, a tremendous success in the 1860's.

Broadway Melody
Broadway Melody was a musical film released in 1929 about a sister act is attempting to find their big break in New York.

significant because was first talkie to win Best Picture Oscar award
contrasted with misconception about "glitzy" musicals at the time (20s-30s)
cynical, dark, and tragedy
released at start sound era- screenwriters began to adopt a near-hyperactive form of verbal banter

The birth of Musical Theatre in Greece and Rome.

Minstrels perform plays with music.

The Black Crook (the first musical) premiers.
Times Square subway station opens.
The Roaring Twenties borrowed elements from vaudeville, music hall, etc. to change musical theatre.
“Broadway Melody” is the first musical to get an academy award.
The aftermath of the Great Depression is felt
The "Golden Age" of Musical Theatre begins.
Oklaholma! premiers. (1943)
West Side Story premiers. (1957)
Fiddler on the Roof premiers. (1964)
"Golden Age" ends.
Beggining of "Rock Musicals." after the success of Hair.
The Rocky Horror Show premiers (1973)
Film versions of musicals releasing.
Les Miserables premiers. (1985)
Cats premiers. (1981)
Rent premiers. (1996)
Large corporations produced musical (Disney)
Live actions musical theatre films resurrect
TV musical films became popular (High School Musical)
Wicked premiers. (2003)
American Idiot premiers. (2009)

Set in Oklahoma outside the town of Claremore in 1906, the musical tells the story of cowboy Curly McLain and his romance with farm girl Laurey Williams.

Virtually everybody connected with the production was convinced he was involved with a box-office disaster.
was a musical without stars,"gags" and humour and sex appeal of chorus girls
was a musical that strayed into realism and grim tragedy, with death as a climax of the story.
critics were sceptical because of this
première performance the surpassed beauty, the freshness, imagination and magic held the audience spellbound from the opening curtain on.
West Side Story
The musical explores the rivalry between the Jets and the Sharks (two street gangs with ethnic differences). Until Tony (of the Sharks) falls in love with Maria (sister of a Shark)

dark theme, sophisticated music, extended dance scenes, and focus on social problems marked a turning point in American musical theatre.
was a "modern" adaptation of Romeo and Juliet
Within the music the ugliness of slum life in New York; beauty and poetry which sometimes touches the lives of these tortured adolescents can be seen
several satirical numbers in which a welcome tone of mockery is introduced
in "America", an interpretation of the United States from the point of view of a Puerto Rican,
"Gee, Officer Krupke", an ironic commentary on the attempt by psychologists and social workers to cope with juvinile delinquency.

Les Miserables
American Idiot
Hair tells the story of the "tribe", a group of politically active, long-haired hippies of the "Age of Aquarius" living a bohemian life in New York City and fighting against conscription into the Vietnam War.

product of hippie counterculture and sexual revolution of 60s and anti Vietnam-war
contraverisial due to nudity, drug use, etc
makes many references to Shakespere. (the Romeo suicide imagery makes the point that, with our complicity in war, we are killing ourselves)

Set in early 19th-century France, it is the story of Jean Valjean, a French peasant, and his quest for redemption after serving nineteen years in jail for having stolen a loaf of bread for his sister's starving child.

At the opening of the London production, critical reviews were negative
Comdemned for converting the book into a theatrical adaptation
Public opinion was good
became the longest-running international musical hit in history.

It tells the story of a group of impoverished young artists struggling to survive and create a life in New York City's East Village in the thriving days of Bohemian Alphabet City, under the shadow of HIV/AIDS.

a rock musical
Many characters and plot elements drawn from Giacomo Puccini's opera La bohème
was also about the lives of poor young artists.
Tuberculosis, the plague of Puccini's opera, is replaced by HIV/AIDS in Rent; 1
1800s Paris is replaced by New York's East Village in the late 1980s or early 1990s
somewhat autobiographical work
Larson incorporated many elements of his life
lived in New York for many years as a starving artist with an uncertain future.
It is a musical adaptation of The Wizard of Oz told in the perspective of the Wicked Witch of the West. The plot begins before and continues after Dorothy's arrival.

Costume designer created a "twisted Edwardian" style through more than 200 costumes
lighting designer used more than 800 individual lights to give each scene and location "its own mood"
Audience reaction mostly positive
critics tended to compliment the aesthetic and spectacle of the show, they disparaged the state of its book, score, and choreography.
The book, lyrics, and score for the musical were developed through a series of readings
centers on three disaffected young men, Johnny, Will, and Tunny. Johnny and Tunny flee a stifling suburban lifestyle and parental restrictions, while Will stays home to work out his relationship with his pregnant girlfriend, Heather.

story, expanded from concept album,
book written by Armstrong
director Michael Mayer
music composed by Green Day
lyrics by Armstrong
score included all songs from American Idiot and additional Green Day songs from other sources, including 21st Century Breakdown, and unreleased songs originally recorded for American Idiot.
The Difference Between Operas and Musicals
Theatrical Scenery/ Props/ Costumes
Musicals are an important part of theatre incorporating music and dance into drama
In a typical musical dialogue is spoken by the characters who occasionally burst into song.
In most operas, the singing never stops.
Even instructions as mundane as, “Open the door,” are sung rather than spoken.
Musicals theatres- story is narrated using dialogs, acting, songs and dances.
Operas- art form in which musicians and singers combine text (libretto) and a musical score in order to narrate a tale in a theatrical setting.

Both genres seek to combine words and music in dynamic, felicitous and, to invoke that all-purpose term, artistic ways. But in opera, music is the driving force; in musical theater, words come first.

Rock Musical
The genre of rock musical may overlap somewhat with album musicals, concept albums and song cycles
tell a story through the rock music, and some album musicals and concept albums become rock musicals
American Idiot, Hair, Grease, Rent and Jesus Christ Superstar are notable examples

Broadway Melody
The Rocky Horror Picture Show
Top Hat
Mary Poppins
West Side Story
My Fair Lady
Funny Girl
Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory
Beauty and the Beast
The Lion King
Moulin Rouge!
Pitch Perfect
Choreography is hugely important in any sort of theatrical production and doesn't have to be confined to dance. It's multifaceted, being a large part of stage direction and choral work, although it's main role is the art of dance. Dance works in much the same way as song in that it enhances the emotion and gives actors another way to express themselves; because sometimes you just want to dance. This really helps bring out the character as they become overflowed with emotions. It works with music and acting to tell the story.
Props- can be used in musical numbers, and can be used in coordination with the set

Lighting- used to provide selective visibilty, focus, mood, cues and scenery.

Costumes- can portray outward and inward apearances of each character

Set design- used to provide context to the audience for the act.
Narrates the story
Provides exposition
Composers consider the vocal demands of roles
Performed in the language of the audience (as opposed to opera)
Some musicals are completely told through music
Works Cited

"Musicals On Stage: A Capsule History." Musicals On Stage: A Capsule History. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2014.

"TIMELINE." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 22 Oct. 2014.K.

"Musical Theater Timeline." Musical Theater Timeline (n.d.): n. pag. Musical_Theatre_Timeline. Union High School Performing Arts Company. Web. 23 Oct. 2014.

"Best Picture: THE BROADWAY MELODY (1928/1929) « Nerdist." Nerdist Best Picture THE BROADWAY MELODY 19281929 Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014.
"Difference Between Musical and Opera | Difference Between | Musical vs Opera." Difference Between Musical and Opera | Difference Between | Musical vs Opera. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014.
"Difference between Musical and Opera." Difference between Musical and Opera. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014.
"Musical1.html." Musical1.html. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014.
"Oklahoma!" Oklahoma! N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014.
"Opera 101 | The Dallas Opera." The Dallas Opera. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014.
Tommasini, Anthony. "Opera? Musical? Please Respect the Difference." The New York Times. The New York Times, 09 July 2011. Web. 26 Oct. 2014.
"Bob Fousse Biography." Bio.com. Ed. Laura Grimm, Leanne French, and Eudie Pak. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. <http://www.biography.com/people/bob-fosse-9299517#dancing-career>.

"West Side Story." West Side Story. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2014.
"Julie Taymor Biograghy." Bio.com. Ed. Laura Grimm, Leanne French, and Eudie Pak. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. <http://www.biography.com/people/julie-taymor-320722#early-theater-life>.

"The Lion King (Musical)." The Lion King Musical. Wikia (entertainment), n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. <http%3A%2F%2Fdisney.wikia.com%2Fwiki%2FThe_Lion_King_%2528musical%2529>.

"Musical Theatre." Musical Theatre. Angelfire, n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. <http://www.angelfire.com/ex/musical/>.

Reporter, Daily Mail. "Biggest Hit- The Lion King On Broadway." Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, 09 Apr. 2012. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2127401/The-Lion-King-steals-crown-Broadways-time-highest-grossing-Phantom-Opera.html>.

"Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II Biography." Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. <http://www.mapsites.net/gotham01/webpages/alisonhannah/rodgersandhammerstein.html>.

"Stephen Sondheim." Bio.com. Ed. Laura Grimm, Leanne French, and Eudie Pak. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 26 Oct. 2014. <http://www.biography.com/people/stephen-sondheim-9488709#synopsis>.
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