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Adolescent Substance Abuse

How to prevent teens from using drugs
by

Desiree Anderson

on 25 May 2011

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Transcript of Adolescent Substance Abuse

Essential Questions How do drugs effect the adolescent mind and learning capabilities?
What can I do to stop the rise is teenage drug use?
How can our society help halt the rise in teenage drug use?
What precautions can families take towards preventing teen substance abuse? 72% of teens have consumed alcohol by the end of high school
37% of adolescents have done so by 8th grade Alcohol Marijuana 1.2% of 8th graders 3.3% of 10th graders 6.2% of 12th graders use marijuana daily (20+ occassions within 30 days) Ecstasy According to 2010's PATS data, there has been a 67% increase in the number of teens who reported using Ecstasy.
10% of teens have attended "raves" where Ecstasy was available In the past year, there has been a 22% increase in teens using marijuana Cigarettes 44% of American teens have tried cigarettes by 12th grade
1 out of 5 (20%) twelfth graders is a current smoker Alcohol Oldest known abused substance
The cultivation of wine dates back from 6000 to 4000 B.C.
Wine became an important item of Mediterranean trade and commerce
Other parts of the world used a process of distillation to create beer and other forms of alcohol
Throughout history, alcohol has been used in times of celebration and that trend still continues today Marijuana First documented use of cannabis was in 3727 B.C. in China
Used to treat malaria, gout, and rheumatism
The use of marijuana for recreation started in India and Muslim countries around the 12th century
It soon became an important item of trade
In the 1990's, marijuana was found medically beneficial in treating various diseases (cancer, hepatitis, glaucoma, etc.) Psilocybin Mushroom Prehistoric rock art in the Sahara Desert was discovered to represent early use of hallucinogenic mushrooms that dates back over 9000 years ago
Images represented the harvest, worship, and offerings of mushrooms to Gods
Also used to gain religious insights, dull pain during ritual mutilation, or to enhance the strength and pain resistance of warriors during battle Opposing Argument It should be the individual's choice
Alcohol and cigarettes have harmful effects yet they are legal Cigarettes Contains more than 7,000 chemicals in tobaccoo smoke (including hydrogen cyanide, carbon monoxide, and ammonia
Leading cause of cancer and death from cancer
It causes cancers of the lung, esophagus, larynx, mouth, throat, kidney, bladder, pancreas, stomach, and cervix
Smoking also causes heart disease, stroke, aortic aneurysm, etc. Alcohol Alcoholism is the third leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States
Every year 14,406 people die from alcoholic liver disease
Every year 150,000+ college students develop alcohol related health problems
Every year 1,400 college students die from alcohol related injuries or vehicle accidents My Argument Physical Effects Obession over the drug
Unable to fuction normally without the drug
Increased tolerance
Neglecting responsibilities
Abandoned normal activities
Change in appearance Psychological Effects Adolescence is a transition stage when the body undergoes significant hormonal and brain development changes
Adolescents can develop a dependency quicker than adults because they do not have the internal structure to delay the onset of chemical dependency
The synthetic chemicals in the drug damages the process of development and alters the natural chemical balances in the brain
Unexplained change in personality or attitude
Sudden mood swings, irritability, or angry outbursts
Lack of motivation
Fearful or anxious for no reason Why? Curiosity
Feelings of inadequacy
Lack of self-esteem or confidence
Peer pressure
Poor family life Solution Parents need to play an active role in their child's life Establish a system of open communication between parents and their child Regularly converse with their child and educate them about the harmful risks of using drugs Parents should be well educated about the warning signs of drug use Drop in attendance and performance at school
Unexplained need for money (may steal to get it)
Secretive or suspicious behaviors
Sudden change in friends, hangouts, or hobbies
Frequently getting into trouble
Unusual smells on breath, body, or clothing Parents should know what their child is doing and who they are with at all times Pare Parents should raise their child to be secure and self-aware Drug Abuse in Adolescence Substance Abuse Statistics History The End
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