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The Social Impact of Information and Communication Technology

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Ruby Hutson

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of The Social Impact of Information and Communication Technology

The Social Impact of Information
and Communication Technology Impact on those who
do not have access to IT Advantages
of IT in the home Those on a low income- can not afford a computer, phone, other technology. They wouldn't be able to afford the internet cost, phone contract or the cost of other IT devices. Advantages of IT in manufacturing. quicker then manual
makes designs easier
more accurate, no human error Advantages of IT in industry. Advantages of IT in commerce easy to communicate to further distances
quicker process Impact on those who are homeless Those who are homeless- they wouldn't be familiar with IT due to them not even having enough for a house or food so they wouldn't have enough for even a mobile phone. they wouldn't understand how to use IT properly, not having to use it in their daily life. Impact of IT on those who are elderly Those who are elderly- don't have as much experience with IT because when they were our age they didnt have anyway near as much IT as there is around now so they dontfeel the need to have it now, they know how to live with out it. Impact of IT on those who do not speak English Those who do not speak English- it wouldnt be such a problem these days due to the fact that with almost any IT equipment you can put it into almost anyone to use it, no matter what language they speak. Disadvantages of IT in manufacturing cost a lot to buy
would cost a lot to repair if it broke
wanting to keep the modernest IT to keep the fastest machines, so once again costs a lot could be more environmentally friendly
quicker and less time consuming rather than manual labor
cost efficient Disadvantages of IT in industry cost a lot to repair
could easily break
people have to be trained how to us it
could be harmful to the environment Disadvantages of IT in commerce not as personal as face to face
problems with connection
have to be trained to use
cost communication with friends and family
work from home
book holidays Disadvantages of IT in the home cost of internet
breaks down
money for repairs
need connection to internet or signal Advantages of IT in education children can learn how to use IT because in the modern day it will be essential for them to know how to us IT
sending emails
connecting with parents Disadvantages of IT in education if it breaks cause schools to shut
money that they may not have
breaks, would need technicians Advantages of IT in tele-working can working from a long distance
communicate withe anyone
work from home
use your mobile Disadvantages of IT in tele-working break downs
if broken could cause business to stop
money for the technology Advantages
of IT in medicine modern technology
save more lives
quicker than manual labor Disadvantages of IT in medicine Has machinery displaced workers? Yes I think that IT has overtaken manual labor, it is faster and could be more time efficient however maybe not so accurate with large pieces of equipment. We use computers everyday for almost everything but there still are workers for the stuff that the computers cant do. We still have workers but soon technology will develop equipment that will soon takeover us. However we do use computers everyday and we do need people to fix them if they break so therefore some jobs will not be lost. Have more jobs have been created by the new technology (computerisation)?
Over the past 20 years IT has impacted our life dramatically in the home and at work. it has made many people unemployed due to being taken over my new technology that can do the job for them. what has happened to clerical workers in the past 20 years? could be less accurate
time consuming What has happened to the farm and animal workers? On farms we have brought in tractors, combine harvesters and many more other modern equipment which will use a lot less people to run. Also in factories where food used to be processed by farmers and people are now all done by machines. By Ruby Hutson Where did the population
move from/to during the industry revolution? The industry has benefits of using ICT in it. An example is that it is really cheap to run. It means that you don't have to pay people to work for you.

There are drawbacks though for ICT being used in the industry. People are losing more jobs and people with no jobs is bad for the economy. How does computer
assist employment in the service industry? In banking: keeping all your private information safe, protected by a password. able to keep them without loosing them unlike with a load of files and papers. In travel: these days you can book your holidays online, without having to speak to a single person, using a printer to give you a bar code, so no need for a ticket just a scanner to show all your information on a computer. In supermarket: you can do self service, the staff scanning your food. e.g. in Waitrose you can take round your own scanner and scan the food you buy to speed up the process. What is the service industry? Is providing a service to the public. possible to get/provided over the internet. Has computerisation
given greater job satisfaction? There are two sides to this argument: FOR (yes)- could be easier, quicker, less work for money, no manual labor. AGAINST (no)- less healthy, no fresh air, boring, sitting all day, working in an office, Where did the population
move from/to during the industry revolution? In the industry revolution people move from farms to the city's looking for an easier job and a more wealthy life. In 1900 it took eight agricultural workers to produce enough food for eleven people. By 1980 the ratio was one to one-thousand. The onset of the oil age produced great advantages to a mechanized farmer. It also provided cheaper fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides that increased productivity. This, combined with the 'dust bowl' era of Western drought, prompted a change from an agrarian to a manufacturing economy. The bottom line is that workers were needed in the city more than they were needed on the farm so, essentially, they followed the jobs.
I suspect that one day, when oil is no longer a dependable energy source, this trend will reverse itself somewhat. Where does data
processing need to be done, in
the office or at the end of a ‘phone line? Data processing can be done in either, i think depending on the type of data which needs to be processed it could be either.
The British Airways and other companies using call centers are not necessarily in Britain which can cause confusion. However when it is done in an office it is more likely that you wont miss any important details that you may miss when speaking on the phone. What is Tele-working? Benefits- Teleworking offers significant benefits to employers, employees, self employed individuals and entrepreneurs, and in developing the local economy. It also presents opportunities to secure wider social benefits - for example by reducing the environmental impact of car travel. Problems- There are some difficulties that go with working at home. Perhaps half of the people who start working from home don't succeed, mostly due to lack of personal discipline or family discipline, can also be challenges to responsibility which will lower your production and moral as you fail to meet deadlines and quotas. Would i do any type of Tele-working? i do do some sort of tele-working, e.g when doing work at home then emailing to school, reaching deadlines on time using home computers and the internet. What happens to older workers who may find
it difficult to re-train to adapt to the new technology? What happens to people that do not have access to the new technology? What about people who try to ignore the new technology? What can happen when people rely on technology? Will you need to understand
and use Information Technology? What are some of the new ICT
products available now? These days people could probably take classes to catch up with modern technology, however the elderly will find it very hard to figure out how to use IT due to the lack of it when they were young and how fast technology has adapted. These people will find it very hard to live in the modern world, almost everything we do today uses technology in some way or another. They wont be able to do some of the simplest of tasks, such as text a friend if they do not own a mobile phone. People who try to ignore modern technology are silly because if they are in the younger generation then they will soon fall behind, whilst we're all moving forward with technology they will be missing out. if people rely on technology what will happen if it breaks , we wouldn't be able to do anything that was in our daily routine, or we run out of the resources that are necessary for it to work, using IT could be very harmful on the planets environment. iPhone5, blue-ray, Amazon, shopping online, pre-booking tickets, in Waitrose you can scan your own food, iPad i think everyone should know about IT and how modern technology works in case they need to use it but should not become reliant on it so they can still go through life with out having to use it. What could the following
software packages be useful for? Excel- to present information, graphs, to work out spendings
Graphics- to design stuff
Word- To write reviews, letters, CV's,
PowerPoint- To create a presentation,
Database- to view money
Accounts- To show money expenses, graphs, tables
Email- To communicate, to share information
Internet- To find information, to have a blog, to order online How is IT used in Banking? Alot of Information Technology is used in banking. In larger banks all branches are connected via networks to a bank's "data center" Data centers are where the mainframe and servers are housed for the bank. Also all ATM Machines are connected to the data center in the same way. Most people working for a bank have a computer (Branches and back office departments), which all need upgraded from time to time plus they need new software installed to fit the user's needs. Also with large banks they usually have a call center (or multiple call centers) which are all interconnected and work together to serve the customer's needs (Using Telephony and other networks) How is IT used with a store card? We use store cards now to make shopping online easy, quick and safe. We use them with shopping online, banking etc. Store cards can be mistaken for credit cards; they look the same but a credit card can be used in any shop whilst a store card can only be used in the store where it is accepted. Store cards could be mistaken for loyalty cards as they give you points for shopping in store. A person can use a store card to pay and borrow but with loyalty cards they just gather points. Web sites used for
advertising have been developed
into a ‘virtual store’. What is a virtual store? How can this help a business? A virtual store is basically an online shop eg. missguided (an online clothing shop without an actual shop to visit).
When you search websites on a computer, it remembers which websites you've been on (cookie) this then puts adverts down the side of you computer when you're on the internet to premote advertising for this place in a virtual store. This helps a business save plenty of money, not having to pay for the rent on the building just on the internet so rather than £1000 a month its just £50 a year. you could also write the deal and sales on the webiste for people to see more clearly to bring in more online shoppers. Supermarkets offer on-line
shopping for customers unable to get to the shop. What are the advantages for the shop? What are the advantages for the customer? dont have to waste time in the shops
save time because there weekly shop is saved a less crowded shop-keeps it cleaner
people who may have kids might decide to do the shopping online due to less time so no little kids running around How are computers
used in manufacturing? order processing,
stock reports and replacement,
progress tracking.
Project management – budgets, on-time. They are used in many ways such as; What is CAD
(Computer aided Design)? What is CAM (Computer aided Manufacture)? Architects, drafters, engineers, and artists use CAD
software to create plans and construction drawings. Before the age of computers, drawings and blueprints were drafted by hand. CAD is more efficient because the software records lines as vectors based on mathematical equations. Portions of a drawing can be twisted, stretched, or moved. The picture as a whole will automatically adjust. Definition - What does Computer-Aided Manufacturing (CAM) mean?Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) is an application technology that uses computer software and machinery to facilitate and automate manufacturing processes. CAM is the successor of computer-aided engineering (CAE) and is often used in tandem with computer-aided design (CAD). In addition to materials requirements, modern CAM systems include real-time controls and robotics.
CAM reduces waste and energy for enhanced manufacturing and production efficiency via increased production speeds, raw material consistency and more precise tooling accuracy.

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