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Faith: The Light at the End of the Tunnel
Transcript of Faith: The Light at the End of the Tunnel
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
Young Goodman Brown by Nathaniel Hawthorne
: In a strict society ruled by Puritanical ideals, people tend to lose faith and
give way to weakness and self doubt.
In the allegory, Young Goodman Brown, Goodman Brown, a devoted Puritan stumbles into the depths of darkness and is engulfed by his loss of faith.
"...they carved no hopeful verse upon is tomb-stone; for his dying hour was gloom." (198)
Overarching theme in
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God
Overarching Theme as Portrayed in The Scarlet Letter:
Bound by the insulting criticism from the Puritanical society around her, Hester Prynne experienced a gradual diminishing of faith as she struggled with her sin and the seemingly unreachable prospect of regaining her dignity. However, in the midst of her adversity, she experienced a resurgence of faith as she came to accept her new place in society.
Faith: The Light at the End of the Tunnel
: Young Goodman Brown (By: Arthur Miller)
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God (By: Jonathan Edwards)
The Scarlet Letter (By: Nathaniel Hawthorne)
The Crucible (By: Arthur Miller)
Tunnel Analogy: The motif of faith is portrayed in a progressive manner from a lack of faith to a developing, stronger sense of faith from text to text.
Young Goodman Brown (faithless)
Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God (hopeless situation ; hints at a brighter future)
The Scarlet Letter (Lack of faith/self doubt turns into a shred of hope or new perspective - in regards to social position)
The Crucible (Contrast to theme - Developing sense of faith in self decisions; no more doubt)
Explanation of Analogy and Theme
Relating back to the tunnel, Hester's journey in the dark abyss along a rocky and difficult path fraught with sin and shame finally led her to glimpse the first rays of light at the end of the tunnel
From insecurity about her status (outcast) to the acceptance of a new role (as a counselor)
Faith - Welcoming promise of a solution (The Escape to England)
Clings to her faith that what she's doing is right and knows her place in society (in the end: takes up the scarlet A again)
In the Dark
Emerging into the Light
Hope & Acceptance: A Ray of Light
In The Crucible John Proctor a Puritan that had lacked faith as he struggled in accepting his sin, but as his faith grows, so does his confidence in his actions to make things right
**Faith: Referred to in a religious sense & as in faith in oneself
"Let us not look back. The past is gone! Wherefore should we linger upon it now" (211)?
"' It [the sea] brought thee hither. If thou so choose, it will bear thee back again'" (206).
Rational reasoning; finds solutions
Has faith in her solution (that it is a plausible way out of their predicament) - that they can run away
Has faith that although the past can't be undone, it is merely the past and that life goes on
Optimistic - situation can be changed
No point to look back; look foward to the future
Sin is the past, redemption is the future
"'This badge hath taught me- it daily teaches me... lessons whereof my child may be the wiser and the better, albeit they can profit nothing to myself'" (114).
"...a day wherein Christ has thrown the door of mercy wide open... calling and crying with a loud voice to poor sinners" (21)
" People brought all their sorrows and perplexities, and besought her counsel, as one who had gone through a mighty trouble" (273).
looked up to; no longer society's outcast, a counselor
assumed a new role and purpose in life (to teach others about her mistake)
" She assured them too...that, at some brighter period... a new truth would be revealed, in order to establish... a surer ground of mutual happiness" (273-274).
Further optimism: faith in an improved & better future
Thinks that her universal issue would one day be resolved - men and women caught in a similar situation could one day have happiness
Feels as though she is tormented
Her only purpose in life is to testify the consequence of sin - the life of a sin-stained woman
Has no faith that she could accomplish anything in the world other than attempt to raise Pearl
"Meeting them [the other Puritans] in the street, she never raised her head to receive their greeting. If they were resolute to accost her, she laid her finger on the scarlet letter, and passed on" (168).
People think she is humble, she still feels guilty/unworthy - has no faith in the prospect that she could possibly be "Able" or strong (to bear the weight of her unending torture from sin and shame)
Through The Great Awakening, Jonathan Edwards preaches his sermon, using fear as well faith in religion to get his audience to embrace God once more.
The Scarlet Letter
By: Nathaniel Hawthorne
"His wrath towards you burns like fire; he looks upon you as worthy of nothing else" (19)
Optimism & Faith
"To see so many rejoicing and singing for joy of heart, while you have cause to mourn for sorrow of heart..." (21)
" 'My love and my Faith,' replied Young Goodman Brown,' of all nights in the year, this one might must I tarry away from thee.' " (182)
faith is represented by Goodman Brown's beloved wife
does not wish to leave her side but does so anyway
foreshadows his loss of faith as they begin to separate
" ' ...dost doubt me already, and we but three months married!' " (182)
relates back to the theme of how one's doubt may leave them astray in their sense of self and faith
shows how easily faith can be lost but at the same time how easy it can be attained
" ' My Faith is gone!' cried he, after one stupefied moment. ' There is no good on earth; and sin is but a name. Come, devil! for to thee as this world given.' " (191)
faith appears to be lost forever within Goodman Brown
casts aside any remnants of religious ideals
wishes to be passed on to the devil's worship
Relating back to the thesis:
Goodman Brown is consumed by darkness and is led astray to his lack of faith and loses direction to where to turn. He cannot see the light at the end of the tunnel: the belief in God.
" ' But where is Faith?' thought Goodman Brown: and, as hope came into his heart, he trembled. " (193)
loses identity within himself
feels lost (like in the depths of a dark tunnel)
displays self-doubt and turmoil within himself
Suffers from a broken heart.
Faith and himself.
Ends with darkness.
Relating to tunnel analogy:
As Proctor grapples in the new surge of faith he is more willing to admit to his sins, and believes that there is still some goodness within himself, he finally "sees the light at the end of the tunnel"
relates to how faithful Edwards is to God
everyone except those who do not turn away from religion are exempt from hell
anyone who repents can be saved by God
man can save himself by repenting his sins
has faith that people return to God
renew one's personal faith in God
those who turn away from religion know they are going to hell
Relation to Analogy
Jonathan Edwards attempts to revive religion through the use of fear. Enticing believers must rely on their own conscience to have an inner emotional understanding of religious truth.
makes a statement with God's wrath that all sinners are damned to hell
has faith that man can save himself
"Peace it is providence, and no great change; we are only what we always were, but naked now." (85)
"I can. And there's your first marvel, that I can." (151)
Peace is gained through our faith in God's protection
Nothing's changed but more exposed to world
Proctor explains the only way of finding peace is to admitting to his sins
More confidence in himself start of something new for Proctor
Has faith in what he is doing
"I confess to God, and God has seen my name on this! It is enough!" (149)
The only importance in his confession is that God had acknowledged it
Faith in God brings a certainty in his actions
"Give them no tears!.... Show honor now, show a stony heart and sink them with it!" (151)
Does not submit and give Danforth and others judgment affect them
Admitting to false accusation will only dishonor them and staining their souls in the process
"I do think I see some shred of goodness in John Proctor. Not enough to weave a banner, but enough to keep it from such dogs" (298)
John Proctor coming to peace with himself, as he refers to himself in the 3rd person
Gained some self- respect in himself
Believes there is still some hope for him to do what is right