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LEEDing by example - How governments can use LEED ND as a tool for developing sustainable neighbourhoods
Transcript of LEEDing by example - How governments can use LEED ND as a tool for developing sustainable neighbourhoods
Here's the Plan What makes a Neighbourhood Sustainable... Long Commutes Large Residential Lots Separation of Land Uses Low density Compact Development A BETTER WAY? Mix of Uses
(homes, workplaces, stores, services) Walkable Streets Transit Oriented Development Connectivity Case Studies Research Question: How can Canadian Cities use LEED ND as a tool to achieve sustainable neighbourhoods? What are the strengths and limitations of the tool? What governance arrangements and policies can help municipalities’ take best advantage of this tool? ? ? ? ?
Southeast False Creek, Vancouver Currie Barracks, Calgary How much should I focus on the theoretical and planning rationale for a new-urbanism approach to sustainable community building vs. assuming these goals are valid and evaluating LEED ND as a tool for municipalities to achieve them? Questions and Feedback Should I focus on purely the environmental benefits (i.e. GHG reductions) or explore the impacts of LEED ND Developments on Liveability, Quality of Life, and municipal finances. If the latter, where do I bring this into the discussion? Would it be ok to use a well-documented U.s. Case study in lieu of (or in addition to ) one of my Canadian cases.
Canadian cities can leverage LEED ND to pursue their sustainability goals by using it to develop their own lands, incentivizing developers to develop according with its principles, and incorporateing its criteria into their own development policies
LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design Reserch Question Why is this Important? Key Themes and Issues Concepts and Literature Case Studies Preliminary Findings Questions and Feedback Built Environment Sustainability or not car-oriented retail greenfield subdivisions fuel efficiency green fuels V
T THE OLD WAY LEED for Neighbourhood Development New Urbanism An urban design movement which promotes walkable neighborhoods that contain a range of housing and job types 2007 Pilot Project USGBC
CNU (Council for New Urbanism) 238 projects
21 in Canada
Promoting the location and design of neighborhoods that reduce vehicle VMT
Creating developments where jobs and services are accessible by foot or public transit.
Promoting an array of green building and green infrastructure practices, particularly more efficient energy and water use.
Platinum GOLD Silver Certified Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 1 (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr link between built environment and climate change
environmental sustainability =
liveability = fiscal sustainability?
How well does LEED ND meet these goals
Advantages and limitations of voluntary criteria-based rating systems like LEED ND?
Roles of various actors in planning sustainable urban development local government – private developers – other levels of government – third party certifiers – the market LEED ND Certification Materials Case Studies Best practices New Urbanism Smart Growth Planning Literature 80 acres of waterfront land near downtown Vancouver. Some City-owned, some privately owned Mixed use community - condos, rental housing, family housing, schools, community centre, and many services within walking distance. Eventually over 5000 units First Phase = 2010 Olympic Village Vancouver Council endorsed participation in LEED ND Pilot City-led development plan Stage 2 LEED ND Certified
Platinum Awarded more points than any other development in the pilot program. urban agriculture rainwater management a neighbourhood green energy system man-made wetland park green roofs Former CFB Calgary Lands LEED-ND Stage 2 certification at the Gold standard 200 acre site 3000 housing units including large estate homes, single detached, town homes and apartments "New traditional" neighbourhood Focus on location, density, connectivity, liveability
Traditional shopping "high street" Schools, public amenities, parks Walkable streets, active street life Pointe Nord, Montréal Nun's Island Privately developed Dense, mixed-use community 1800+ units Stage 2
LEED ND Gold mix of residential, office, commercial Pedestrian and bicycle connections geothermal passive solar rainwater recuperation low-water landscaping LEED ND may be be a good vehicle to ensure incorporation of new urbanist and sustainability elements in development.... Some developers may pursue LEED ND development but there are limitations.... but local government has a role too Anything else? Thank You!