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Intro to Food Service

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Kristin Macan

on 26 March 2018

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Transcript of Intro to Food Service

Colonists had established Inns and boarding houses that were similar to original restaurants in the 1700's
Jean Baptiste Gilbert Playpat, former cook to a French Bishop, opened a soup house in 1794.
Most restaurants, taverns and even nice hotels continued serving family style or on the side of the street.
Swiss born Del-Monico brothers opened a cafe in the rapidly growing New York city and four years later opened Delmonico's Restaurant Francais.
This was the first place in the US that combined fine cuisine, ordering off a menu and classical service.
Restaurants in the U.S.
All establishments where prepared food is served outside the home
What is the Food Service Industry?
Overview of The Food Service Industry
Introduction To Food Service
Emergency feeding locations
Corporate dining – office buildings and plants

Where is Food Served?

Military foodservice
Where is Food Served?

Recreational facilities
Where is Food Served?

Where is Food Served?

Food Service workers were divided into merchant guilds
They had specific and limited rights to prepare and serve food
For example, the Guild of Charcutiers had the government protected right to preserve meat.
Protected the guild members from competition but limited their ability to expand
The French revolution relaxed standards and gave the guild members more freedom to combine ingredients
Also, the breakup of many aristocratic households put many cooks on the street

Heavily Regulated
14 million people employed
One half of all adults have worked in a restaurant
Over $709 Billion Dollars in Sales Annually
About 135 million meals each day - about half of the US population eats out once a day.
Where is Food Served?

Private clubs
Where is Food Served?

Grocery Retailers &
Home-meal replacements
Correctional facilities
Where is Food Served?

Healthcare facilities
Where is Food Served?

Today: Where is Food Served?

At the same time that regulation on guild was relaxing consumers were asking for changes in their restaurant experience.
Convenient and custom meal times
Wanted to only pay for the food they ate
Didn't want to eat with strangers
Increasing privacy and customization led to higher prices
Most commonly seen in areas with high commercial activity and many business travelers.
Restaurant owners noticed a few key things:
Having a variety of food increased the guest count
People will pay for service
People will pay more for the food they like, regardless of the food's actual value.
Consumer Pressure Brings Change
Transportation companies
Where is Food Served?

Retirement facilities
Current State of the Industry
A Brief History of Restaurants
Food in Taverns
Common people ate where alcohol was served
There was no menu, you ate what the cooks made at designated time
Food served family style
Up until this point, only wealthy had the chance to choose what they wanted to eat
Origin of word restaurant is "restaurer"which means restore.
First restaurants that we would recognize began serving in 1700's in France
Inns served sick travelers hearty broth to restore their health.
Not intended to impress; basic, hearty meals
Food for Travelers
Where is food served?
Day Care Centers
Full transcript