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Transcript of The Fugue
A fugue is a contrapuntal piece of music based on imitation.
It is usually written for 3 or 4 parts called voices.
Most fugues open with a short main theme called the subject which sounds successively in each voice/ part.
When each voice has entered the first section (exposition) is complete.
This is often followed by a connecting passage called an episode.
A fugue usually has three sections:
Here the voices quickly enter one after the other. This is known as Stretto.
The answer is the imitation of the subject. It is played a perfect 5th above the subject and is therefore in the dominant key.
if imitation of subject has the exact same intervals between notes.
If the imitation has a few alterations. All the intervals are not the same.
Work with a partner to analyse this fugue!
The Passacaglia originated in the early 17th Century. Later composers adopted this model, and by the nineteenth century the word came to mean a series of variations over a ground bass pattern, usually of a serious character.