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The Fugue

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C Robertson

on 17 September 2015

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Transcript of The Fugue

The Fugue
A fugue is a contrapuntal piece of music based on imitation.

It is usually written for 3 or 4 parts called voices.
Most fugues open with a short main theme called the subject which sounds successively in each voice/ part.
When each voice has entered the first section (exposition) is complete.
This is often followed by a connecting passage called an episode.
A fugue usually has three sections:
Voice 1
Voice 2
Voice 3
Subject (tonic)
Counter Subject
Counter Subject
Counter Subject
Subject (tonic)
Counter Subject
Counter Subject
Here the voices quickly enter one after the other. This is known as Stretto.
The answer is the imitation of the subject. It is played a perfect 5th above the subject and is therefore in the dominant key.
Tonal Answer
if imitation of subject has the exact same intervals between notes.
If the imitation has a few alterations. All the intervals are not the same.
Work with a partner to analyse this fugue!
The Passacaglia

The Passacaglia originated in the early 17th Century. Later composers adopted this model, and by the nineteenth century the word came to mean a series of variations over a ground bass pattern, usually of a serious character.
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