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What your amendment says in your own words

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Kameron M

on 11 December 2015

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Transcript of What your amendment says in your own words

Year that the amendment was passed on
The Fourteen Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United State Constitution was adopted on July 9,1864 and as one of Reconstruction Amendment
This is what ratified mean
Historical Context
What your amendment says in your own words
All persons born or naturalized in the United States ,and subject to jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the united states and of the state where in the reside. no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States
What does Ratified mean

signs or give formal consent to
making it officially valid

1786 is the year that United States ratified our amendment
After Abraham lincoln died there was no one to take over 14 amendment.
To understand the goal and function of the Fourteenth Amendment's first section one needs to understand that its entire purpose was to give legal validity to the Civil Rights Bill of 1866. The goal of both of these acts were to put an end to criminal black codes established under former rebel States that at the time were being administered under policies of President Andrew Johnson


Who didn't want to happen
Change to the constitution
The second, third, and fourth sections of the amendment are seldom, if ever, litigated. The fifth section gives Congress enforcement power. The amendment's first section includes several clauses: the Citizenship Clause, Privileges or Immunities Clause, Due Process Clause, and Equal Protection Clause. The Citizenship Clause provides a broad definition of citizenship, overruling the Supreme Court's decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857), which had held that Americans descended from African slaves could not be citizens of the United States. The Privileges or Immunities Clause has been interpreted in such a way that it does very little.
The Due Process Clause prohibits state and local government officials from depriving persons of life, liberty, or property without legislative authorization. This clause has also been used by the federal judiciary to make most of the Bill of Rights applicable to the states, as well as to recognize substantive and procedural requirements that state laws must satisfy.
The Equal Protection Clause requires each state to provide equal protection under the law to all people within its jurisdiction. This clause was the basis for Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the Supreme Court decision that precipitated the dismantling of racial segregation, and for many other decisions rejecting irrational or unnecessary discrimination against people belonging to various groups.
Who want It to happen
On July 9, 1868, the 14th Amendment, which granted citizenship, due process and equal protection to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States,” was ratified by South Carolina and Louisiana, allowing it to become part of the U.S. Constitution
Congress passed the Fourteenth Amendment, sometimes called the "Great Amendment," to help protect the rights of the freed slaves. It was added to the Constitution in 1868. It stated that all people who were born in the United States, including African-Americans, are considered natural citizens and have the same rights as all other Americans. It also prohibited any state from making or enforcing any laws that took away or hurt an individual’s civil rights. After the Fourteenth Amendment passed, many African-Americans still didn’t have all the rights Whites had. Many Whites, especially in the South, continued to treat the Blacks unfairly.

Following the Civil War, Congress submitted to the states three amendments as part of its Reconstruction program to guarantee equal civil and legal rights to black citizens. The major provision of the 14th amendment was to grant citizenship to “All persons born or naturalized in the United States,” thereby granting citizenship to former slaves. Another equally important provision was the statement that “nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.” The right to due process of law and equal protection of the law now applied to both the Federal and state governments. On June 16, 1866, the House Joint Resolution proposing the 14th amendment to the Constitution was submitted to the states. On July 28, 1868, the 14th amendment was declared, in a certificate of the Secretary of State, ratified by the necessary 28 of the 37 States, and became part of the supreme law of the land.
Impact of amendment on the US
14 Amendment
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