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The American Homefront WWII

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Emilia Chen

on 17 March 2011

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Transcript of The American Homefront WWII

Rationining
Unemployment
hit all-time low
of 1.2 percent!!!% Rationing and Price Controls
OPA (Office of Price Administration) controlled prices and rationed
Tires were first to be rationed
Rubber was imported from far east and become extremely valuable
Every house received ration book
Gas cards to purchase petroleum
Consumer spending was discouraged by prohibiting credit cards and consumer credit
People were encouraged to invest 10% of their pay checks American Homefront During World War II sanjana salwi
Emily Chen The Japanese Internment Camps The American Response Women in the Workforce “Rosie the Riveter” – symbol of women in manufacturing
"Government Girls”
By 1945, women made up 36 percent of the workforce
Working was portrayed as patriotic and feminine and encouraged through propaganda.
All-American Girl’s Professional Baseball League was founded "If you've used an electric mixer
in your kitchen, you can
learn to run a drill press" Fashion Nylon was directed towards war effort
- Nylon stockings became extremely expensive
- Women went bare legged
- Black Market for nylon stockings

To conserve cloth: Hems and Belts were restricted to two inches
Cuffs on sleeves were eliminated "And we were going to also lose our freedom and walk inside of that gate and find ourselves…cooped up there…when the gates were shut, we knew that we had lost something that was very precious; that we were no longer free."
Mary Tsukamoto Women at Home Women were encouraged to:
- Grow victory gardens
- Walk instead of drive to conserve precious rubber
- Ration sugar used to can fruit
- Sew and repair clothing instead of buying new clothes
Women had an increased responsibility as men went off to war
- Take care of home
- Help with war effort
- Work Sound Familiar?
(Think: WWI} Government Propaganda February 19th, 1942 Roosevelt signed the Executive Order 9066
Set aside military zones for “War Relocation Camps”
Nationalistic and retaliatory response to Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor
Due to war hysteria and racial prejudice The Japanese Internment Camps All persons of Japanese ancestry were excluded from the entire west coast
Approximately 110,000 Japanese-Americans and Japanese who lived along the Pacific coast
Approximately 62% were American citizens
Japanese American farmers lost substantial amounts of money by selling their property cheaply in a short amount of time Who? White farmers supported the ousting of their Japanese farmer competitors
Newspaper columnists and politicians vehemently supported the Japanese isolation
U.S Government justified their actions by stating possible threats of Japanese espionage
Roberts Commission Report United States Response Relocation Centers Internment Camps Run by the Wartime Relocation Authority
Tule Lake was a particularly harsh center for “disloyal” Japanese Run by the Department of Justice
Used to detain those suspected crimes or enemy sympathizers Population Movements Families moved to Industrial areas to work in factories
Wives followed husbands to military camps
Housing lull in great Depression: Not much housing available
People limited long distance and vacation traveling
Gas was rationed
Public transportation was crowded Barbed fences, armed gun towers, and armed soldiers surrounded the camps
Many families were separated to different camps
Meals were nutritionally inadequate and medical care was minimal
Had to wait in long lines for bathrooms and eating
Camps faced summers of over 100°F and winters of -30°F
Japanese in the camps died from inadequate medical care and emotional stress
Military guards killed several Japanese for “resisting orders”
Conditions in the Camps Violation of the Constitution Article 1, Section 9, stating that the right of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, and if so, shall be suspended by Congress
President Roosevelt suspended habeas corpus, not Congress
Violation of the 5th Amendment, that no person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law
In 1944, President Roosevelt rescinded the Executive Order 9066 Civil Rights Violations
Rubber was so valuable, that people were encouraged to carpool Carpooling Propaganda
Corner Bugs Bunny Became
American's Mascot Different sections of army picked different mascots. i.e:
Daffy Duck-mascot of 600th Bomb Squadron
Sylvester-mascot of 45th Reconnaissance Squadron Industry EnCouraged workers to be Careful EnCouraged Workers to work hard WAGES FOR: The Good War Unemployment fell from 17.2% to 1.2%
Personal savings rose from $7 billion to $39 billion: Banks thrived
Full employment, rising incomes, and increased purchasing power led to growing consumer spending and overall increase in living standards
Consumer spending increased by 20 percent
Industry workers: Rose by 73% percent
Manufacturers: Rose by 62% percent
Farmers: Tripled
Assembly Centers Different Types of Camps Run by the Wartime Civil Control Administration
Temporary centers set up to house the Japanese while proper relocation centers were being built.
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