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PASSIVE VOICE

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on 24 April 2014

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Transcript of PASSIVE VOICE

"The focus is on who receives the action"
USE
When we want to be more
POLITE
(I do not blame anyone)
PASSIVE VOICE
When do we use a passive sentence?
Pedro sent flowers to Maria
USES
When is
NOT IMPORTANT
who or what is performing the action.
Maria was sent flowers
(

by Pedro)
ACTIVE SENTENCE: The important thing is
WHO OR WHAT
is
PERFORMING
the action.
PASSIVE SENTENCE: The important thing is
WHO OR WHAT
is
RECEIVING
the action.
When is
NOT KNOWN
who or what is performing the action.
"You broke the jar"
"The jar was broken"
My bike was stolen!
Why do we focus on
who receives the action?
Where can we find those uses of passive sentences?
When is
OBVIOUS
from the context, who or what is performing the action.
Academic and descriptive text.
Texts with passive sentences uses:
Newspapers
Academic and descriptive texts.
Advertisements
FORM
SUBJECT RECEIVING ACTION
The dishes
are washed
(by John)
PASSIVE VERB
DOING ACTION
Subject receiving action
+
Be
+
Past participle of verb
+
By
+
Doing action
BECOMING AN ACTIVE SENTENCE INTO
A PASSIVE SENTENCE
ACTIVE
Peter
builds

a house
PASSIVE
A house

is
built
by Peter
Examples
TENSE
ACTIVE
PASSIVE
Past simple
Peter
built
a house
A house
was built
by Peter
Present Perfect
Peter
has built
a house
A house
has been built
by Peter
Past Perfect
Peter
had built
a house
A house
had been built
by Peter
Future
Peter
will build
a house
A house
will be built
by Peter
Let's practice!
Julia rescued three cats.
The students handed in the reports.
Maria crashed into the blue car.
Alex learned the poem.
Steven has forgotten the book.
They play handball.
Sue puts the rucksack on the floor.
The girls had lost the match
Students should study all lessons
Three cats were rescued by Julia.
The reports were handed in by the students.
The blue car was crashed into by Maria.
The poem was learned by Alex.
The book has been forgotten by Steven.
Handball is played (by them).
The rucksack is put on the floor (by her).
The match had been lost by the girls.
All lessons should be studied (by students).
S
V
O
S
To Be
+
PPT
By
+
Agent
Well done!!!
Now, Let's check what you have learned:
Page 94, Grammar exercises nº 1, 2.
Verbs with two objects: D.O + I.O.
Two passive sentences:
"Someone will lend

the money

to you
"
Active:
D.O
I.O
You

will be lent

the money
The money

will be lent

to you
.
MOST COMMON
LESS COMMON
Only transitive verbs can be passivised
A transitive verb needs an object to give complete meaning.
Intransitive verb does not need an object to give complete meaning.
" He sent a letter"
"He laughs"
D.O
Full transcript