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Salciccioli World History Course Fall 2012
Transcript of Salciccioli World History Course Fall 2012
Brad Davis Babylonia Babylonian cities are very distinct in that they have articulate designs on their buildings and their cities were defined by giant ziggurat pyramids, places of business usually in the center of the cities.. Babylonian cities Such cities consist of :
Babylon, Uruk, Nippur, and Lagash. Code of Hammurabi The code of Hammurabi was the first form of law throughout the land. The code is known for its drastic punishments.
Hammurabi claimed to have received his laws from the sun god, Shamash. Cuneiform Cuneiform was the first known writing system
Cuneiform changed many times over the period it was active Math Babylon developed the first form of math and used a bse of 60 rather than the base of 10 we use today. Irrigation Irrigation was started in babylon because of its convenient location in the fertile crescent.
The water was taken from the Tigris and Euphrates. Hittites Iron Weapons The Hittites were the first civilization to use iron weapons.
Iron metallurgy spread from them to the rest of the Middle East. The Hittites were the first civilization to utilize iron weapons and armor, along with the horse-drawn war chariot. These were revolutionary to war of ancient civilizations. Like the Babylonians, the Hittites adopted a set of documented laws, however they were much more merciful and focused on righting the wrong rather than capital punishment. The precursors to modern-day Turkey, the Hittites originated from northern Syria and south-eastern Anatolia. They are the basis of modern civilization. Military masters of Mesopotamia The Assyrians Assyria had a dynamic military conquest of Mesopotamia and brought civilization to nomadic and barbaric tribes, introducing the first paved roads, postal system, and libraries. The first true empire of the ancient world. It is speculated that a civil war caused the fall of the Assyrian Empire. The Assyrians brought much of Mesopotamia's culture together when they were conquered, such as a form of law, though much more harsh than other forms at the time. Ancient Israel Ancient Israel was the first civilization to practice Monotheism. Other civilizations worshiped main gods but also worshiped many others, Israel held the belief of one God, still worshiped to this day. The Old Testament books focus on Ancient Israel and the prophets Abraham, Moses, and Jacob. The Ancient Israelites were the first civilization to go through a diaspora, or forced immigration where culture remains, when they were forced out of their homeland into slavery by the Egyptians. Egypt Ancient Egypt established some of the biggest cities of the ancient world and the only surviving original wonders of the world. Their pyramids, sphinx, and obelisks are a display of their excellent architectual know-how. Because they were thought to have descended from the sun god Ra, Kings, or Pharoahs, had absolute power and control over all aspects of the empire from army to irrigation. The Egyptians recorded history and religious thoughts using heiroglyphics, telling much about the type of society they lived in. They were also the first civilization to mummify important deceased figures in their massive tombs where the dead were buried with their belongings. Ancient Ethiopia (Aksum) The greatest Sub-Saharan empire Was the first nation to convert to Christianity as a whole nation. It is thought they may have declined because of long-term cutting down of trees and over-exploitation of the soil, leading to the kind of erosion so typical of the region today. The aksum empire was very dependent on trade with Persia and other Arab lands. They had a currency system based on gold, salt, and ivory. The Shang Dynasty The Shang dynasty was made up of around 13.5 million people and made many developments in determining the cycle of a year. They determined that a year was made up of 365 1/4 days. They also developed the first glazed pottery and created advanced jade sculptures. Was never known to exist only a story of myth until only recent research. The Zhou Dynasty The Zhou succeeded the Shang at the Battle of Muye where the Shang King was defeated. The Zhou was the first dynasty to unite most of China under one banner. The longest lasting Dynasty (1046–256 BC) the Zhou put a ban on human sacrifice and issued the "Mandate of Heaven" where 4 principles were followed:
1.The right to rule China is granted by Heaven.
2.There can be only one legitimate ruler of China.
3.The right to rule is based on the virtue of the ruler and his good performance as a steward for Heaven.
4.The right to rule may be passed down from father to son, but only on the conditions established above. Once the Mandate is lost, the will of Heaven towards a successor will only be known by the working out of the imponderable force of events in human history. During the Zhou Dynasty, such philosophers as Confucius and Laozi influenced many minds in the way of thought. Taoism and Confucianism are products of their work. The Indus Valley Ancient Egypt." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-egypt>.
"Babylonia, A History of Ancient Babylon." Babylonia, A History of Ancient Babylon. History World International, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://history-world.org/babylonia.htm>.
Barton, Paul A. "The Olmecs." The Olmecs. Ekowa, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://essaysbyekowa.com/olmecs.htm>.
BetBasoo, Peter. "History of Assyrians." History of Assyrians. Brief History of Assyria, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://www.aina.org/brief.html>.
Gorny, Ronald. "HittiteÂ Civilization." About.com Archaeology. About.com, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://archaeology.about.com/od/hittites/Hittite_Civilization.htm>.
"History of Ancient Israel." History of Ancient Israel. All About History, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://www.allabouthistory.org/history-of-ancient-israel.htm>.
"The Indus Civilization." Indus Valley Civilization. Harrappa, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://www.harappa.com/har/har0.html>.
Pankhurst, Richard. "Ancient Ethiopian City of Aksum or Axum." Ancient Ethiopian City of Aksum or Axum. Ancient Africa, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://wysinger.homestead.com/aksum.html>.
Tanaka, Terri. "Hittite Laws (ca. 1650â1400 BCE) Commentary by Terri Tanaka, University of California, Berkeley." Hittite Laws. University of California, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://www.milestonedocuments.com/documents/view/hittite-laws>.
Yike, Jiang. "Civilization on the North China Plain." Shang and Zhou Dynasties and Empire. China, A Cultural History, n.d. Web. 22 Sept. 2012. <http://www.fsmitha.com/h1/ch06.htm>. Bibliography The Indus Valley had some of the greatest cities of the ancient world because of their well organized, sturdy brick and stone. Also they had the most sophisticated water storage system (wells, drainage pipes, etc.) in the world. The Indus people also developed a system of weights and trade. The Indus peoples also developed a written language like many other civilizations but unlike the others it still has not been fully deciphered. The Olmecs The Olmec were the first people to live in Mexico, all other Mesoamerican civilizations in Mexico are thought to have branched off from them. The Olmecs carved stone, jade, and the volcanic rock basalt (used for the great stone heads). The stone was quarried and imported.
The Olmecs would create giant stone heads to honor rulers and it is thought that some could be female. Whether they were rulers or companions has not been determined. Helmets could have indicated they were a ball player Thanks FOR watching!