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The One; The Many
Transcript of The One; The Many
If he studied individualism cultures versus collectivism cultures then he would get a better understanding of how individuals are better understood.
Psychologists thought up the idea that an individual cant be completely understood until their culture was studied also. They couldn't draw conclusions because every culture was so complex. Triandis worked throughout his psychology career the fundamental attributes of cultures and their members that allow them to be different. In 1988 he demonstrated his biggest contribution to cross-cultural psychology, the individualistic versus collectivist cultures.
-Study one was an experiment that involved 300 undergraduate psychology students who all got questioned with 158 structured questions establishing the individualism culture versus collectivism cultures.
-Study two was 91 students in Chicago, 97 Puerto Ricans, and 150 Japanese university students plus 106 older Japanese all being asked about how they feel about group situations.
-Study 3 was 100 subjects equally divided by sex from the University of Chicago and University of Puerto Rico filled out a questionnaire.
Over a relatively short period of historical time, Triandis' work has found its way into the fundamental core of how psychologists view human behavior. Triandis offers evidence that the psycho-social concepts of collectivism and individualism may play a significant part in the physical health of the members of a given culture. One study of 3,000 Japanese Americans compared those who had accultered, that is, had adapted their lifestyle and attitudes to American norms, to those who still maintained a traditional Japanese way of life within the United States. Heart attack rates among the accultered subjects were 5 times greater than among the non-accultered participants even when cholesteral levels, exercise, cigarette smoking, and weight were statistically equalized for the two groups.
Between 1995 and 2000, this single article by Triandis was cited in over 200 studies from a wide variety of scientific fields and most subfields of psychology.