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Body Image and Somatotyping

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Kavneet Toor

on 21 May 2013

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Transcript of Body Image and Somatotyping

By: Kavneet, Amandeep, and Jasdeep Body Image and Somatotyping An individual’s perception of their physical body, along with their feelings, thoughts, and judgments (YWCA)
Females and males worry about their body image a lot
Goal: have the perfect body
Affected by media, pop culture, friends, and family
Females want to be small, and males tend to want a bigger body
Negative body image leads to weight obsession, eating disorders, illegal drugs, skipping classes, smoking too! Factors Affecting Body Image Struggles with body image typically begins when puberty does Male vs. Female Body Image Media Family Comments from Peers Positive Body Image Negative Body Image uncomfortable, self-conscious
easily affected by other's opinions
do anything to fit in comfortable in own skin
love the way they look
not easily affect by other's opinions Determined from early childhood, and the way parents treat their children Parents who criticize their children about the way they look, act, or talk negatively affects them
Too much pressure on child
Need to encourage child to accept and love their body Consider other people's thoughts and opinions more than your own
Rude comments can damage one's body image
People feel they need to please everyone to feel accepted Females Males Body image is a bigger problem
More critical
Always feel the need to change appearance to conform to society
Women think they are two thirds bigger than they actually are (The Telegraph, 2010)
Spend an average of 30 minutes working on physical appearance Becoming more concerned about their body image
Desire more muscle = seem more masculine
Obssessed with working out
Take supplements such as creatine to become bigger and stronger
Harming bodies good exercise habits
positive personal and sexual lives
good emotional and mental states (Health and Wellness Center, 2010). Conclusion Somatotyping way to classify your physique
broken down into 3 categories
mesomorph Somatotypes Endomorphs Ectomorphs Mesomorphs Somatotyping • Large body frame
• High percentage of body fat
• Wide hips but narrow shoulders
• Ankles and wrists tend to be slim •Muscular physique
•Wide shoulders and narrow hips
•Strong arms and legs
•Very little body fat •Very thin and lean
•Narrow shoulders, hips and chest
•Not much fat or muscle
•Long arms and legs
•Thin face and high forehead History Classification of somatotyping developed by U.S. psychologist W.H. Sheldon in 1940
Sheldon system is 3 numbers (first digit endomorphy, mesomorphy then ectomorphy)
EG 711 extreme endomorph, extreme mesomorph 171, extreme ectomorph 117
Extremes are highly rare, most people are 444 (History of Somatotyping) Television, internet, magazines
Portray people unrealistically than the average body type
Insecurities are exploited to give companies a profit Other Contributors Other contributors include Richard W. Parnell (1911-1985)
Barbara Heath Roll (1910- 1998)
J.E. Lindsay Carter (1932-)
Hence the Heath-Carter System (Encyclopedia Britannica) Somatotyping In Sports Overview Impossible to have realistic athletic goals without knowing your body
Certain somatotypes do better in specific sports
Doesn't mean only those people can excel in the sport Body Image and Somatotyping Type of body one has or desires portrays the way they perceive themselves
Happy with somatotype = postitive body image
Not happy with somatotype = negative body image
Most men want to be a mesomorph
Most women want to be an ectomorph
Look up to celebrities to have an inspiration Picture References http://petersonshappyhour.com/?cat=6
www.examiner.com GOOD SELF-PERCEPTION INCLUDES: Atkins, W. A. (n.d.). Diet.com. Diet and Weight Loss. Retrieved May 10, 2013, from http://www.diet.com/g/bodyimage

Atkins, W. A., Davidson, T., & Cataldo, L. J. (2010). Body Image. Health and Wellness
Resource Center. Retrieved May 7, 2013, from http://galenet.galegroup.com/servlet/HWRC/hits?r=d&origSearch=false&bucket=ref&o=DateDescend&rlt=1&n=10&searchTerm=2NTA&l=d&index=BA&c=22&tcit=1_1_0_1_1_1&docNum=DU2601090003&locID=peel_dsb&secondary=false&t=KW&s=1&SU=%22Body+image%22

Body Image. (n.d.). YWCA GirlSpace. Retrieved May 10, 2013, from

Body Image and Self-Esteem . (n.d.). KidsHealth - the Web's most visited site about children's
health. Retrieved May 9, 2013, from http://www.kidshealth.org/teen/your_mind/body_image/body_image.html

Carter, J. L., & Goulding, M. (n.d.). somatotype.org > Sponsored by Sweat Technologies. somatotype.org > Sponsored by Sweat Technologies. Retrieved May 9, 2013, from http://somatotype.org/history.php

Creatine: Side Effects, What It Is, What It Does. Men's Health Magazine . Retrieved May 13,
2013, from http://www.menshealth.com/nutrition/creatine-side-effects-what-it-what-it-does

Davidson, T., Cataldo, L. J., & Key, K. (2012). Health and Wellness Resource Center. Body Image. Retrieved May 9, 2013, from

Focus Adolescent Services. (n.d.). : Help Your Teen and Heal Your Family. Retrieved May 10,
2013, from http://www.focusas.com

Krawczyk, B., Sklad, M., & Jackiewicz, A. (1997). Biology of Sport. Warsaw: Institute of Sport Warsaw.

Somatotypes. (n.d.). TeachPE.com - physical education and coaching information site. Retrieved May 9, 2013, from http://www.teachpe.com/gcse_health/somatotypes

somatotype. (2013). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/553976/somatotype

Somatotype and Sports | Somatotype * Body-Type * Personality Type. (n.d.). What is YOUR somatotype and somatotype personality. Retrieved May 9, 2013, from http://www.mysomatotype.com/body-type/?page_id=74

Spillman, D. M., & Everington, C. (n.d.). SOMATOTYPES REVISITED: HAVE THE MEDIA CHANGED OUR PERCEPTION OF THE FEMALE BODY IMAGE? . Ammons Scientific. Retrieved May 14, 2013

Stoppard, M. (2003). Body Image. Dr. Miriam Stoppard's family health guide(pp. 107, 111 ).
London: DK Pub.

Why women think they are fat: brain 'thinks body is two thirds bigger than it is'.
(2010). Telegraph.co.uk . Retrieved May 13, 2013, from
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