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Transcript of Globalization
New inventions and patents
Cotton gin --> cotton becomes staple export
Cash crops and staple crops such as tobacco and rice increase the nation's wealth Gold fever attracted many European and Asian immigrants to the US
Many hoped to strike it rich
Population boom Travel easier = improved relations and trade with eastern Asian countries such as China American industry and manufacturing expands --> immigration from many different cultures
"Cultural melting pot" BEVERLY PHAM, JAYNE YOKOYAMA, STELLA LEE Strong bond to Great Britain
Colonial life clashed with English policies
N. America provided raw materials and supplies to Britain
Tight English hold on American privileges led to struggle for independence POST-INDEPENDENCE 1700s-1800s Little connections and wealth
Desire for land --> Imperialism
Indian Removal Act of 1830
Texan independence from Mexico 1800s 1848-1855 CALIFORNIA TRANSPORTATION New transportation methods such as steam boats and railroads made transportation easier
Railroads made transportation of food and supplies easier and cut down product cost
Allowed the spread and increase of markets domestically and internationally RELATIONS America more wealthy = more money to spend on luxury goods Increased trading with nations under US jurisdiction Rapid population growth SHIPS Stronger, faster navy
US able to easily gain many territories during imperialism era
Increased international strength
Increased trading with other nations NEW TECHNOLOGY POST-WWII Atlantic Conference 1941
United Nations Conference
International Monetary Fund
Containment Doctrine (1947)
Korean War (1950-1953)
Alliance for Progress THE COLD WAR 1947-1991 The events throughout U.S. history display the change from a dependent nation to a global superpower through imperialism, development of markets and relations with other nations, mercantilism, and cultural exchange. CONCLUSION 1962 - Cuban missile crisis Indicator of American strength
1949 - Berlin airlift WORLD WAR I 1914-1918 President Wilson issues Neutrality Proclamation (neutral in thought as well as in deed)
Warned Germany that it would be held to "strict accountability" for any attacks on American vessels or citizens
April 2, 1917 - Wilson asks Congress for a declaration of war to make the world "safe for democracy" POST-
WAR I The engagement of the world from the 15th century to the present.
Colonialism, mercantilism, global hegemony, development of markets, imperialism, and cultural exchange. Wilson's 14 points
Paris Conference (Big Four): Wilson’s ultimate goal was the League of Nations GLOBALIZATION MERCANTILISM An economic system that tries to unify and increase the power and especially the monetary wealth of a nation by a strict governmental regulation of the entire national economy, usually through policies designed to secure an accumulation of money/gold, a favorable balance of trade, the development of agriculture and manufactures, and the establishment of foreign trading monopolies. CASH CROPS, EXPANSION OF MARKETS, & ASSERTION Cash Crops
Expansion of Market
Native Americans League of Nations collapses without U.S.
Kellogg-Briand Act of 1928 - reflected American's false sense of security AMERICAN RELATIONS Allies:
Native Americans Non-Importation Acts +
Market Expansion Fordney-McCumber Tariff (1922) America’s insistence on getting its money back forced the French and British to demand huge reparations from Germany Storm-cellar neutrality legislation in the 1930s Hawley-Smoot Tariff of 1930
Hoover’s Good Neighbor Policy PRE-WWII Vietnam War Storm-cellar isolationism
London Economic Conference of 1933
Roosevelt's formal recognition of the USSR (1933)
Tydings-McDuffie Act (1934)
Neutrality Acts of 1935, 1936, 1937
Roosevelt’s “Quarantine Speech”
Neutrality Act of 1939
Lend-Lease Bill 1965 - Operation "Rolling Thunder"
1969 - Nixon Doctrine
Era of détente
anti-ballistic missile treaty
“New Isolationism” 1955-1975