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Multiracial Identity Development
Transcript of Multiracial Identity Development
Mixed-Race Development Deficit Stage Theories: Multiracial Identity
Development Trends in Identity Choice Renn stressed the importance of creating welcoming spaces & organizations to include multiracial students. Mixed race identity is fluid, contingent on context and social influences, and changeable over time. NSC: 321 Instructor:
Jenny Smith Group Members:
Kim Kelly Stage
Theories Typology Deficit Approaches Wijeyesinghe: biracial/multiracial people presented as “confused, distraught, and unable to fit in anywhere in the American racial landscape.” Poston: biracial persons reported mixed backgrounds as asset, not liability. Ecological Stage Theories (multiracial identity development normal developmental process.) assimilation to white culture never assimilate because of environment identify as biracial Potson - 5 stages Kich - 3 stages Collins - 4 phases Kerwin & Ponterotto Miville, Constantine, Baysden, So-Lloyd stable and integrated racial identity. self-acceptance and assertion of an interracial identity. resolution & acceptance of biracial identity. parallel periods from preschool - adulthood. Typology Approaches background & environmental influences Cortes: single racial, multiple racial, multiracial, nonracial identities Daniel: continuum-black/white synthesized identity functional -european/american functional- african/american Ecological
Approaches identity influenced by environment accept identity assigned by society -OR- choose monoracial identity -OR- choose mixed-race identity -OR- create new identity Root: exposure to ethnic cultural customs, appearance, socialization, identification with a parent, and geographical location influence identity choices. Stephan: Wijeyesinghe: Racial heritage, cultural attachment, early experiences and socialization, physical appearance, social and historical context, political awareness and orientation, other social identities, and spirituality. Typology: Ecological: Not as appropriate for multiracial as for monoracial because there is more than one heritage to reconcile; too many variables (Renn, 2004). Choice of single multiracial identity could be viewed as “forced choice” and not positive (Standen, 1996) Both based on anecdotal data only.
Neither theory examines factors that influence the identity choices individuals made.
Changing social and environmental influences across the lifespan are ignored. No follow-up research to validate discoveries. Ecological influence: Person, process, context, time Identity patterns: Monoracial identity, multiple monoracial identity, multiracial identity, extraracial identity, situational identity. Identity Patterns Influencing Identity
Development Impact of College Men more likely than women to identify monoracially. Students whose parents were both of color were less likely than students w/ white parents to identify monoracially.
Students with one white and one black parent were less likely to select an extraracial identity. 14 of 15 students used in study used at least two labels to identify themselves in Renn's study. Many had a private multiracial identity and a public monoracial identity. Include information in course work about multiracial identities. Must have environments that invite students to cross boundaries to explore their different identities. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24765917/ns/us_news-gut_check/t/multiracial-america/#.UI65wK4s6RIhttp://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/24765917/ns/us_news-gut_check/t/multiracial-america/%23.UI65wK4s6RI Who Am I? significant others, parents, special places, school, critical time periods, elementary years through college, culture & curriculum had influence cultural legitimacy & loyalty felt college grounded who they were There is no one path that individuals follow in forming their identities and presenting themselves as mixed-race people.