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Top 5 Most Unethical Physcological Experiments

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Bekka R

on 25 September 2012

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Transcript of Top 5 Most Unethical Physcological Experiments

Top 5 Unethical Psychological Experiments #5 The Third Wave Ron Jones was a teacher at Cuubberly High School. He completed the third wave experiment because he was unable to teach his students how the German population in the Holocaust allowed the Jews to be treated the way they were. He created an authoritative dictatorship in his classroom. Each Student had a job and they weren't to let any one into the classroom if they were not a member of the regime. They even had to do a Hitler like Salute. What Happened? The Students completely responded to the experiment. By the 3rd day the class grew from 30 students to 200. Mr. Jones had to stop the experiment on the 4th day because it was getting out of control. The students had taken it into their own hands. Why is this Unethical? Although this experiment may seem like a harmless lesson, it would be unethical by today's standards. The students did not have a choice whether or not to participate so therefore it violates the guideline of informed consent. # 4 Project MK-Ultra (CIA Mind control) The goal of this experiment was to create mind-controlling drugs to use against the Soviets. #3 The Tony Lamadrid Experiment #2 #1 Image from the movie "The Wave" based off this experiment The Monster Study The Stanford Prison Experiment A group of 18 mentally and physically stable volunteers were brought into a fake prison by psychology professor, Phillip Zimbardo, to test the psychological effects of being a prisoner or a prison guard. 9 of the participants were prisoners and the other 9 were guards. The guards were able to decide how to run their prison. What Happened? The prisoners and guards both quickly adapted into their roles. The problem was that they adapted too well. The guards had no problem punishing and embarrassing the prisoners and eventually the guards even became violent toward the prisoners. Phillip Zimbardo, who was playing the role of the prison warden even became overly involved in the experiment and allowed the guards to continue their physical abuse of the prisoners. Why is this Unethical? First and foremost this experiment violate the informed consent guideline of ethics in psychology. Although the participants agreed to participate in the study they did not agree to be physically harmed. This experiment was also very subjective because Phillip Zimbardo was not only an observer, but he too was a part of the experiment and could not observe it objectively. Actual Photos of the experiment Wendell Johnson from the University of Iowa completed a study to test the effects of positive and negative speech therapy on children. He used 22 orphans to test his theroies. The 11 children who stuttered were given positive speech therapy and the 11 who did not stutter were given negative speech therapy and were told that the have bad speaking habits. What Happened The stutters were helped by the positive therapy. However, the children who did not originally stutter had severe psychological damage because of the negative therapy. Some even went long periods of time without talking. Many were afraid to speak and became more aware of their speech and mistakes the made. 6 of the 11 non-stutters were eventually given compensation from the government due to the long lasting effects they had from the 6 months of therapy. Why is this unethical? This experiment violates several ethical standards of psychology, one being informed consent. Neither the children nor their guardians were informed about the study. They were merely told that the children would receive speech therapy. This also goes along with deception. The children were told they would recieve therapy to help their speech, but in actuality 11 of the 22 had their speech impaired by this study. In this experiment schizophrenic patients were told to stop taking their medication. The goal of the experiment was to study the effects of schizophrenic relapse. What Happened? This experiment had serve, negative effects on many of the patients. One of patients, Tony Lamadrid ended up committing suicide because of the effects of not taking his medication. Why is This Unethical? The patients did not agree to participate in the study which violates the guideline of informed consent. They were also deceived because they were told by doctors that not taking their medicine would be the best thing for them. What Happened? Because most of the records were destroyed many of the exact details of this experiment are unknown. What we do know is the participants were given addicting drugs and underwent painful procedures that had several negative long term effects. Why is this unethical? Besides the negative side effects this experiment was done on "unwitting" participates which violates the informed consent guideline.
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