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Global Terrorism Index
Institute for Economics and Peaceon 4 December 2012
Transcript of Global Terrorism Index
Terrorism The Global Terrorism Index (GTI), produced by the Institute for Economics and Peace, is the first index to systematically rank and compare 158 countries according to the impact of terrorism. The Global Terrorism Index The GTI uses data from the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism (START) at the University of Maryland. What is terrorism? Terrorism:
'an intentional act of violence by a non-state actor for political purposes.' From 2002-2011, there were incidents of terrorism. The Global Terrorism index measures the impact of terrorism according to 4 indicators: number of deaths, number of attacks, number of people injured and the level of property damage. Fatalities incidents injuries property
damage Black Swan incidents are high impact and unpredictable. The majority of terrorist attacks are much
smaller and cause significantly less damage. When we think of terrorism, we think of big events.
But most terrorist attacks are small scale assaults. These attacks make the international headlines but they are disproportionately large and beyond the realm of the majority of incidents of terrorism. 22,678 Date: 7th July 2005
Attack: 4 Suicide Attacks Date: 22 July 2011
Weapon: explosives, firearm
Attack: shooting spree, car bomb How can we measure the impact of terrorism? GTI score GTI methodology indicators: weights These indicators are weighted to ensure the severity of the attacks is accurately reflected in the index. For example the number of lives lost is higher than the number of injuries. To measure the of terrorism, the GTI
score is used to create a 5 year weighted average impact That means that events from previous years are taken into consideration and have a bearing on a country's score for the current year. 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2011
score But terrorism is more than just a one-off event; attacks have lingering effects on a society in terms of fear and subsequent security responses. 52% of
GTI score 26% of
GTI score 13% of
GTI score 6% of
GTI score 3% of
GTI score 2007 The GLobal Terrorism index measures the impact of
terrorism in 158 countries over 10 years. In 2011, which countries suffered the most from terrorism? Most terrorist attacks occur
in the context of a wider conflict Since the beginning of the Iraq invasion,
the number of global terrorism incidents
has increased by While more terrorist attacks are being recorded,
the number of fatalities has declined Only 6% of fatalities are terrorists, the rest are victims. Over the last 10 years, the group most targed by terrorists was private citizens, followed by government and police. Over the last 10 years, North America has been
the region to suffer the least from terrorism The death toll from terrorism was 19 times higher in
Western Europe than it was in North America Terrorism is associated with:
low political stability
low intergroup cohesion
high levels of group grievances
disregard for human rights Only 31 of the 158 countries ranked have NOT experienced a terrorist attack since 2001. London Bombings Norway Massacre For example, the impact of a car bomb attack that left 290 dead and 340 injured in Tal Afar, Iraq, in , will be included in the
total Global Terrorism Index score. 2011 since 2002, trends in terrorism show... 460% From 2002-2011 over 1/3rd of all
global terrorism victims killed were Iraqi Global Terrorism Index 2011 Rankings: Discover more on the Global Terrorism Index interactive map and download the GTI Report www.visionofhumanity.org Global Peace Index @GlobPeaceIndex Most terrorist attacks result in less than 10 fatalities. 5. Yemen
10. Philippines 1. Iraq 2. Pakistan 3. Afghanistan 4. India The Global terrorism index highlights that many of the countries suffering the most from terrorism have also suffered from military intervention. Although the 'responsibility to protect' is paramount, caution needs to be taken against unwanted consequences.
Policy makers can look to these findings to help redefine strategies to tackle terrorism and help shift the focus towards peace. Low income countries are less affected by terrorism than lower middle-income countries, indicating that poverty is not a main cause of terrorism