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Canadian Confederation History Assignment
Transcript of Canadian Confederation History Assignment
- Newfoundland joins Confederation
-Mackenzie King dies
- Charlotte Whitton becomes mayor of Ottawa - Mackenzie King resigns
- Meighen takes over, but defeated on first Common vote; King wins general election
-Cairine Wilson named first woman senator
- Royal Canadian Air Force established
- United Church of Canada formed
- R.B Bennett and Conservatives win power
- Acreage-reducing wheat agreement reached among Canada, Argentina, Australia, U.S and Russia to stabilize world market - Worst Great Lake storm takes 148 lives as 13 vessels wrecked
- Canada enters First World war; liner Empress of Ireland sinks in St. Lawrence River with loss of 1,024
- Canadians hold line at Ypres under gas attack
- Sir Charles Tupper dies
- Parliament Buildings destroyed by fire
- Militia Minister Sir Sam Hughes dropped from cabinet; 223 die in forest fire in Matheson area of Northern Ontario.
- Personal income tax introduced as temporary war measures.
- Canadians capture Vimy Ridge
- 1,630 people killed in ship explosion at Halifax
- In Alberta Louise McKinny and Roberta MacAdams become first woman members of an Empire legislature
- The Canadian press formed
- Federal franchise for women adopted
- Canadians hold against German offensive
- Canadian ship Princess Sophia sinks off Alaska with 398 dead
- 88 killed in Allan Saft explosion at Stellarton, N.S.
- Sir Wilfred Laurier dies
- Sir Robert Borden turns over prime ministry to Arthur Meighen
- Liberals under W.L Mackenzie King win general election
- Agnes Macphail first woman elected to Parliament
- Discovery of insulin by Fredrick Banting announced _Parliament passes British North american act
-Sir John .A. Macdonald forms cabinet and wins election and first Parliament meets
-Queen Victoria rejects appeal of Nova Scotia anti -confederates for dropping Province from confederation.
- D'arcy McGee shot to death by Fenian sympathizer at Ottawa
- Dominion government gives Nova Scotia better financial terms
- Louis Riel seizes Fort Garry and proclaims Red River "provincial government"
- Manitoba constituted a province. Louis Riel flees from military force; Fenians raid Quebec's Eastern Townships.
-British Columbia joins confederation
-562 lost when liner Atlantic wrecked near Halifax
- Liberals under Alexander Mackenzie win general election
- Presbyterian churches of various synods amalgamate as General Assembly; Dominion dept reaches $116,008,378.
- Intercolonial Railway links Maritimes with central provinces; Alexander Graham Bell patents telephone
- Wilfrid Laurier age 36 becomes cabinet minister
- Canada Temperance Act, providing prohibition on local qption basis, passed; Macdonald returns to power. - Trans- Pacific cable from Vancouver to Brisbane completed
- Alaska boundary dispute decided in favor of U.S
- Landslide buries Frank Alta. with loss of 66 lives.
- 125 die in Coal Creek, B.C due to the cause of a mine explosion
- Toronto hit by $11,000,000 fire
- Provinces Alberta and Saskatchewan are created
- Britain hands over fortress of Esquimalt and Halifax of Canada
- Marconi establishes transatlantic wireless service with base at Glace Bay, N.S
- 60 workmen killed because of a collapsed bridge in Quebec
- Forest fires destroy three Kootnay B.C. towns with 70 dead
- J.A.D McCurdy makes Empire's first heavier-than-air fight at Baddeck, N.S.
- Royal Canadian Navy established by legislation
- Trade reciprocity treaty with U.S. proclaimed
- Conservatives win election and discard reciprocity
- Forest fire levels Northern Ontario mining town of South Porcupine, killing 73. - Macdonald dies in office, succeeded by Sir John Abbott
- Newfoundland creates tariff against Canada
- Wheat crop reaches 50,000,000 bushels
- Women's suffrage bill defeated in Parliament
- Klondike gold rush touched off by find at Bonanza Creek; Liberals under Laurier elected
- One wing of Parliament Building burned
- Canada enacts Imperial preference, raising tariffs against U.S.
- Manitoba school compromise negotiated
- National plebiscite testing opinion, favors prohibition
- Canada sends troops to Boer War; 2,300 Doukhobors from Russia land at Halifax
- Canadians spearhead victory at Paardberg and help raise siege of Mafe-King
- Prohibition launched in P.E.I The Fathers of Confederation Sir John Alexander Macdonald
The first Prime Minister of Canada George-Etienne Cartier
1814-1873 Thomas D'Arcy McGee
1825-1868 George Brown
1818-1880 Sir Alexander Tollich Galt
1817-1893 Samuel Leonard Tilley
1818-1896 Sir Charles Tupper
1821-1915 - Emigrated from Scotland to Canada with his parents at the age of 5.
- Had his own legal practice at the age of 19 in the 1840s.
- He became a politician then after quickly became dominant in Canadian politics, which was a lead role in Canadian Confederation.
- He became known as main "author" of the 72 resolutions.
- He then later became Canada's first Prime Minister on July 1st, 1867. - In 1837 Cartier fought as a rebel in lower Canada.
- He then became leader of the Parti Bleu in Canada East in the 1850s.
- In 1858 he traveled to London to meet with Queen Victoria about the possibility of Confederation.
- With John A. Macdonald, he was co-premier of the province of Canada twice.
- After Confederation Cartier was Macdonald's most Senior Minister. - Was born in Ireland then moved to the U.S.A in 1842.
- He supported American annexations of Canada.
- He started to change his views in 1875 and supported Confederation.
- He attended the Charlottetown Conference in 1864.
- Assassinated by a Fenian on April 7, 1868. The other 36 men - George Brown was born in Scotland then moved to New York in 1837, then moved again to Toronto in 1843.
- He was a newspaper owner and reformer.
- He launched a newspaper called the Globe in 1844.
- Brown used the newspaper to influence people's political views.
- In 1864 he became driving force in the Great Coalition .
- In 1874 he was appointed a senator.
- In 1880 George Brown was then shot and killed by a former employee. - Was born in England, immigrated to Lower Canada in 1835
-In 1849 his political carrier began
- In 1858 became minister of finance
-Was a strong supporter of confederation
- His financial opinions and critique were widely respected -Was born in New Brunswick
- Before his involvement in the Confederation he was originally a pharmacist
-In 1806 sold his business when he became involved in politics
- Attended all three conferences ( London, Quebec, Charlottetown
- In 1867 he became a member of Macdonalds first cabinet -Was born in Nova Scotia
-In 1834 became a doctor
- In 1855 entered politics
-In 1864 became premier of Nova Scotia
-Attended all three conferences
-1896 became the priminister of Canada
- Served for only 69days, had the shortest term in Canadian history Archibald, Sir Adams George (Nova Scotia)
Brown, George (Ontario)
Campbell, Sir Alexander (Ontario)
Carter, Sir F. B. T. (Newfoundland)
Cartier, Sir George-Étienne (Quebec)
Chandler, Edward Barron (New Brunswick)
Chapais, Jean-Charles (Quebec)
Cockburn, James (Ontario)
Coles, George (Prince Edward Island)
Dickey, Robert Barry (Nova Scotia)
Fisher, Charles (New Brunswick)
Galt, Sir Alexander Tilloch (Quebec)
Gray, John Hamilton (New Brunswick)
Gray, John Hamilton (Prince Edward Island)
Haviland, Thomas Heath (Prince Edward Island)
Henry, William Alexander (Nova Scotia)
Howland, William Pierce (Ontario)
Johnson, John Mercer (New Brunswick)
Langevin, Sir Hector-Louis (Quebec)
Macdonald, Andrew Archibald (Prince Edward Island)
Macdonald, Sir John A. (Ontario)
McCully, Jonathan (Nova Scotia)
McDougall, William (Manitoba)
McGee, Thomas D'Arcy (Quebec)
Mitchell, Peter (New Brunswick)
Mowat, Sir Oliver (Ontario)
Palmer, Edward (Prince Edward Island)
Pope, William Henry (Prince Edward Island)
Ritchie, John William (Nova Scotia)
Shea, Sir Ambrose (Newfoundland)
Steeves, William Henry (New Brunswick)
Taché, Sir Étienne-Paschal (Quebec)
Tilley, Sir Samuel Leonard (New Brunswick)
Tupper, Sir Charles (Nova Scotia)
Whelan, Edward (Prince Edward Island)
Wilmot, Robert Duncan (New Brunswick) British Colombia
July 20, 1871 Alberta
September 1, 1905 Saskatchewan
September 1, 1905 Manitoba
July 15, 1870 Ontario
July 1,1867 Quebec
July 1,1867 Newfoundland and Labrador
March 31,1949 New Brunswick
July 1,1867 Nova Soctia
July 1,1867 P.E.I
July 1,1873 Yukon
June 13 1898 Northwest Territories April 1,1999 - Lieutenant-Governor Luc Leteiller de St. Just of Quebec fired for dismissing Conservative government in 1877 Liberal coup d'etat
- George Brown killed by discharged employee; Britain decrees all British North America except Newfoundland belongs to Canada
- Population reaches 4,328,000; stern wheeler Victoria sinks with loss of 181 lives in Thames River near London, Ontario
- Federal electoral tidings redistributed
- Riel opens rebellion at Duck Lake, Saskatchewan
- Riel surrenders after forces routed, and is hanged
- Vancouver destroyed by fire
- CPR transcontinental line opened; Britain empowers Ottawa to negotiate foreign commercial treaties
- Rock slide kills 45 people at Cape Diamond, Quebec City
- Manitoba Schools Act, suppressing separate schools, passed; oil discovered along Athabaska River June 18,1870 Nunavut Joining Confederation Bibliography Books Confederation a United Canada/Fierce opposition The kids book of Canadian history Websites http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Canadian_Confederation http://reasonsforconfederation.blogspot.ca/2011/04/confederation-timeline.html The British North American Act Carine Wilson World war 1 Fredrick Banting Esquimalt Royal Canadian Navy Parliament building fire Duke lake Canada temperance act Newfoundland joins Confederation Important Points of Confederation The Great Migration Industrialization In the 1890's Canada started to become a more well developed country and moved into their industrialization period. Slowly factories and other industrial buildings started to appear and the industrial age began. Capitalists were also trying to get their far share of involvement in the industrial business and from there slowly Canada started to become an industrially involved country. Intercolonial trade Intercolonial trade was something the provinces of Canada wanted to try for a while. But intercolonial trade was limited due to transportation issues. So Britain wouldn't be able to get the raw goods they needed and Newfoundland would be isolated because of the deadly waters surrounding them. Canada realized that the only way they could do an intercolonial trade was by establishing a link to other colonies so they decided to build a railroad to better assist in travel from the East and West Canada and to better receive exports and imports quicker and faster. Due to poverty and food shortages, many people migrated from Europe during the 1815-1850's This made British North America a very diverse place. Over 400,000 people settled in Canada, out of those 400,000 most were Britain settlers and including the other settlers who were already there that meant that the British out numbered the French which could cause problems in the future. It did cause problems because British people started spilling in to french land because of the lack of space.This caused arguments between the two people but were later resolved. The Fenians The Fenians were a group of Irish people that immigrated to Canada during the great migration. The Fenians/ Irish people felt mistreated during the famine in Canada and were mad. Canada was worried and invasions were a great risk so everything was monitored. The Fenians opposed Confederation greatly and the government as well. So they decided to kill Thomas D'arcy McGee. He was shot dead outside on the street, there was a big funeral held. http://www.intriguing-history.com/great-migration-of-canada/