Transcript of Deborah Sampson
Deborah Sampson By: Bailee Lewis Thesis Statement After a hard childhood, Deborah Sampson, later Deborah Sampson Gannett, wanted to enter the army, but that wasn't allowed back then, so she disguised herself as a man to get into the army and help fight in the Revolutionary War. Deborah's Childhood Deborah Sampson was born on December 17, 1760 in Plymton, Massachusetts. Her parents were Jonathan and Deborah (Bradford) Sampson. Deborah was the eldest of 6 other children: Jonathan, Elisha, Hannah, Ephraim, Nehemiah, and Sylvia. They lived in Middleborough, Massachusetts during her youth. When their father abandoned them and went on a ship to Maine, Deborah's mother sent them all of to live with relatives, and Deborah ended up being an indentured servant to Susannah and Deacon Jeremiah Thomas, which is where she lived from age 8 to age 17. While there, she got a good enough education and became a school teacher at a local school in Middleborough when she was 18 and she taught for a year. Days as an Indentured Servant Deborah Sampson was an indentured servant fore Susannah and Deacon Jeremiah Thomas from age 8 to age 17. She got her education because their sons reviewed their work with her after they got home from school. She became very interested in politics. When Deborah was 10 years old, the Boston Massacre happened, and the Boston Tea Party happened when she was 13. When people started talking about starving under the Intolerable Acts, Deborah planted a garden for her and the Thomas family to survive. Enlisting in the Army Days in the Army Camps Deborah cleverly maintained her disguise by changing in the dark where no one could see her, she bathed alone very early in the morning, and avoided the latrine (bathroom where you just dig a hole in the ground.) No soldiers suspected her. They didn't think it was weird that she didn't shave because they thought she was just a very young man. After she finished teaching, she wanted to help fight in the Revolutionary War. The first time she tried to enlist, she claimed the name Timothy Thayer. Someone saw her signing up and her identity was exposed. The recruiters tore up her papers and told her to go home and act like a proper woman. They threatened to shoot her if she tried again. She didn't give up. She saved up $12 from her teaching job and bought the cloth she would need for a better disguise. She announced she would be leaving to seek better wages, but she went to the woods of Bellinghem to change into her disguise. She walked 50 miles to enlist in Bellinghem. Enlisting in the Army The 2nd time she tried to enlist, she took the name of her deceased brother, Robert Shurtliff. This time she had no trouble enlisting because she was 5ft 7in, which was very tall for a woman back then. She enlisted for the entire length of the war. She was chosen to be in the Light Infantry Company of the 4th Massachusetts Regement under the command of Captain George Webb. Days in the Army Camps It wasn't always easy being in camps. Soldiers often slept with no tent, and when they did have a tent, they often had no blanket. Disease sometimes spread through entire camps. Food was scarce. Soldiers sometimes went hungry for days at a time, and sometimes they found turnips, nuts, and other plants. When they received real beef, they rarely had cooking utensils and they had to eat it raw. Some soldiers died of starvation. Her First Battle Her first battle was outside Tarrytown, New York on July 3, 1782. She got shot in the leg and some soldiers came to help her. She begged for them to not take her to a hospital and let her die, but they refused to abandon her. A soldier put her on his horse and rode six miles to a hospital. Her First Battle Her wounds were 2 musket balls in her thigh and an enormous cut on her forehead. The doctors treated her head wound, but she left before they could attend to the musket balls. Tending Her Wounds Deborah thought she would get shot if her identity was revealed. Worrying more about her identity than her injury, she ran into the woods nearby. She removed one of the musket balls with a penknife and a sewing needle. Her wound never fully healed because the other musket ball was too far down to reach. Taking a Break On April 1, 1783, Deborah got promoted and spent a few months serving as a waiter to General John Paterson. Another Mission On June 24, 1783, General George Washington, ordered by the President of Congress, sent a fleet of soldiers to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to aid in squelching a rebellion of several american officers. Another Mission...Almost Deborah was going on that mission, but she came down with malignant fever and was cared for by Doctor Barnabas Binney. Her Identity Revealed Dr. Binney removed her clothes to treat her and found out her secret, but he didnt betray her. He took her to his house where his wife and daughters took care of her. After she fully recovered, she returned to the army. The War Ends! On September 1783, peace was assured through signing the Treaty of Paris that ended the war. Sending the Soldiers Home One day in October, Dr. Binney asked her to take a letter to General George Washington and she thought her identity was out and she would get shot, but he didn't shoot her. Deborah's Identity Revealed to the General Honorably Discharged On October 25, 1783, she got an honorable discharge from the army by General Henry Knox at Westpoint after a year and a half of service. Washington's Gift When Deborah got discharged, General George Washington gave her a note with some words of advice and some money to pay her expenses at home. Back to Her Normal Self After being discharged from the army, Deborah went back to acting like a woman. Life After the Army Deborah went back to her hometown and worked on a farm. She met and married Benjamin Gannett, and she was then known as Deborah Sampson Gannett. They had 3 children: Earl, Mary, and Patience, and they adopted a daughter, Susanna. Wanting a Pension 9 years after her discharge, in 1792, Deborah asked the Massachusetts State Legislature for back pay for her days in the army. She received 34 pounds ($52.92) for "extraordinary instance for female heroism". Help from Paul Revere 13 years later, Paul Revere helped Deborah get an army pension. She got the same Congressional pension -$4 per month- that a male veteran got. Telling People About It Instead of keeping her experiences a secret, Deborah told many people about her days in the army. Deborah Sampson Quote "I am indeed willing to acknowledge what I have done, an error and presumption. I will call it an error and presumption because I swerved from the accustomed flowery path of female delicacy, to walk upon the heroic precipice of feminine perdition!"Full transcript
-Deborah Sampson (on her controversial military service in the American Revolution) Deborah Gets the Pension Deborah signed Deborah's Life Ends Deborah died on April 29, 1827 at the age of 67 of Yellow (Mountain) Fever. She was buried at Rock Ridge Cemetery in Sharon, Massachusetts. She passed down her pension to her children. Deborah's Story Lives On Even though Deborah was dead, her story lived on for years. She was described by people as a woman of handsome talents, good morals, a dutiful wife, an affectionate mother, unusually strong and adventurous, and daring. She was known as the first known woman to disguise as a man in order to join the army and go into combat. How Deborah Affected History Deborah affected history by fighting in the revolutionary War and fought for America even though she wasn't allowed to. When Bibliography * - Primary Source “Biography of Deborah Sampson.” Buzzle. 5 Apr. 2013. http://www.buzzle.com/articles/biography-of-deborah-sampson.html
-This website told me about what she wanted to do as a kid and what her first job was.
Burgan, Michael. Great Women of the American Revolution. Minneapolis, MN. Compass Point Books, 2005.
-This book told me a little more about what the other soldiers thought of her.
“Deborah Sampson.” Deborah Sampson Chapter. 10 Apr. 2013. http://www.massdar.org/deborahsampson.html
-This source told me where she taught and when specifics about her enlistment.
“Deborah Sampson.” Deborah Sampson. 5 Apr. 2013. http://www.hobart.k12.in.us/cside/American Revolution/revbio/dsampson.htm
-This source told me how old she was when important events happened and how she took care of her and the family she got indentured towhen it happened. Bibliography “Deborah Sampson: Revolutionary War Soldier.” Garden of Praise. 5 Apr. 2013. http://www.gardenofpraise.com/ibdsamp.htm
-This website gave me information about why she wanted to fight and what she thought would happen to her if she was caught.
“Deborah Sampson.” Wikipedia. 2 Apr. 2013. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deborah_Sampson
-This is the first source I went to and it told me the basic story of Deborah Sampson.
Fleming, Thomas. Everybody’s Revolution. New York, NY. Byron Preiss Visual Publications, Inc., 2006.
-This book told me more about her personality and how long her identity was concealed. Bibliography “Freedom Hero: Deborah Sampson.” The My Hero Project. 5 Apr. 2013. http://www.myhero.com/go/hero.asp?hero=dsampson_EL_MORRO_LBUSD_06
-This website informed me that Deborah Sampson was the first known woman to disguise herself as a man to go into war and go into combat.
Keenan, Sheila. “Deborah Sampson.” Scholastic Encyclopedia of Women in the United States. 1st ed. 2002. 20-21.
-This book told me specifics about her whole army experience and how she got her pension.
Kneib, Martha. Women Soldiers, Spies, and Patriots of the American Revolution. New York, NY. The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 2004
-This book told very specifically how her attempts at enlisting in the army went and how she was able to enlist.
* “Letter on Behalf of Deborah Sampson Gannett.” The Paul Revere House. 15 Apr. 2013 www.paulreverehouse.org/gift2/details/46-51.pdf
-This is a letter from Paul Revere that told how people described her and the letter helped Deborah get the pension.
“Life of a Revolutionary Soldier.” The Battle of Saratoga. 10 Apr. 2013. http://battle1777.saratoga.org/am_soldier.html
-This website told me how life was in the camps for a soldier. Bibliography * Mann, Herman. The Female Review. Bedford, MA. Applewood Books, 1916. Pg 302. Web. 19 Apr. 2013
-This book told me more about Deborah’s discharge.
* Olin, William, ed. Massachusetts Soldiers of the Revolutionary War. Vol. 14. Boston, MA: Wright & Potter Printing Co., 1906. Pg 164. Web. 18 Apr. 2013.
-This book told me that Deborah signed a petition to get her pension.
* “What are Deborah Sampson’s Quotes?” Answers. 22 Apr. 2013. http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_Deborah_Sampson%27s_quotes
-This source gave me a quote from Deborah Sampson
“Woman’s Service with the Revolutionary Army.” History. 4 Apr. 2013. http://www.history.org/history/teaching/enewsletter/volume7/nov08/women_revarmy.cfm
-This website told me one of the battles she fought in and that she was honorably discharged. How History Affected Deborah When Deborah was a child, the family she served as an indentured servant gave her an education and she got very interested in politics and her country, and that's why she wanted to fight in the war. After the war ended, the soldiers were scheduled to be sent home on November 3rd. Deborah signed a petition stating that she should get a pension for serving in the army and getting wounded, and they made it official.