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Copy of The Development of Philippine Nationalism
Transcript of Copy of The Development of Philippine Nationalism
The Development of Philippine Nationalism
Nationalism was not something that developed instantly among Filipinos..
In 1821, Spain has lost her precious trade jewel in the Pacific, Mexico.
*by replacing Mexico with a new princess of her Pacific trade, the Philippines.
Under the leadership of spain's economic adviser Sinibaldo de Mas, the Philippines was prepared for development.
Year 1834 marked the opening of the Philippines to world trade. Not only that it allowed traders to come, it also paved the way to the influx of liberal ideas contained in books and newspaper shipped from Europe and America.
Liberalism from Europe
Opening of Suez Canal
In November 1869, the Suez Canal, builtby Ferdinand de Lesseps, was opened it shortened the route between Spain and Manila, therefore bringing the Philippines closer to Europe.
The Spanish Revolution of 1868
It was succesful and the autocratic leader was dethroned.
De la Torre was ousted as governor when a new morach, Amadeo of savoy, ascended the spanish throne.
Administration of Izquierdo (1871-1873)
When the reactionary regime was restored in Spain in 1871, a new governor general was assigned in the Philippines, Rafael de Izquierdo, who was considered as one of the most autocratic leader of the Philippines.
the secularization movement was a struggle between the "regular Priests", who were missionaries from the religious orders, and the "secular priests" who were native or criollo (Philippine-born Spaniards) priests and did not belong to the orders.
The Cavite Mutiny of 1872
January 20, 1872, La Madrid, a Filipino sergeant, led a mutiny and sacked the Cavite of La Madrid and many of his men.
The execution of Gomburza
The three priests, Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos and Jacinto Zamora were tried, but the trial was a farce.
On February 17,1872, Gomburza were executed in Luneta through the "garrote".
The Propaganda Movement
The martyrdom of Gomburza planted the seed of nationalism among Filipinos. After their execution, sons of wealthy people fled to Europe.
*The demanded reforms were as follows:
1.Equality of Filipinos and Spaniards.
2.assimilation of the Philippines.
3.Restoration of Philippine representation in the spanish cortes.
4Filipinization of parishes.
5.Human rights of filipinos.
Jose P. Rizal
La Liga FILIPINA
When Rizal came back to the Philoppines in 1892, he established "La Liga Filipina", an organization originally concieved with help of Jose Maria Basa while in Hongkong.
Rizal in the early 1880's had become one of the most active Propagandists in Spain.
Rizal shifted to writing a novel the Noli Me Tangere.