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Russia

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by

José Parcero

on 22 October 2014

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Transcript of Russia

Location 1
Basic Data
Russia is the biggest country in the world
17 million km2 (1/8 of the world's total)
9th most populous nation with 142.9 million people
Share land borders with 14 different countries
Access to the Artic and Pacific Oceans + 13 seas (including the Baltic, Bering, Black, Caspian and sea of Japan)

State Duma


State Duma (450 seats)
Half of the seats are filled using a close list, proportional representation system
The other half: Direct election of individual candidates
5 years term
Threshold for eligibility is 7%
1 seat for 5%-6%
2 seats for 6%-7%
Parties cannot conform a block to clear the 7% threshold
Effective number of parties at the electoral level=
2007 = 2.22
2011 = 3.2


Juan José Parcero Quiñones
RU
SS
IA
Siberia
European
Russia

Urals mts.
Artic
Pacific
8th largest economy in the world
Largest mineral and energy resources
1 of the 5 recognized nuclear weapons states
8,500 in their total inventory, largest in the world (FAS, 2013)
1 of the 5 permanent members in the UN Security Council
Human capital
99.6% of literacy rate
Life expectancy: 69 years (75.1 for women, 63.2 for men)


http://www.fas.org/programs/ssp/nukes/nuclearweapons/nukestatus.html

http://databank.worldbank.org/data/views/reports/tableview.aspx isshared=true&ispopular=country&pid=19#

http://cpi.transparency.org/cpi2012/results/

http://www.forbes.com/sites/markadomanis/2013/06/11/vladimir-putins-approval-rating-isnt-actually-declining/

http://www.russiavotes.org/duma/duma_today.php

http://www.electionguide.org/country.php?ID=179

http://www.tcd.ie/Political_Science/staff/michael_gallagher/ElSystems/Docts/ElectionIndices.pdf

http://en.rian.ru/russia/20111205/169336966.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/01/03/world/europe/putin-orders-new-system-for-russian-parliamentary-elections.html?_r=0
GDP per capita of an average russian citizen:
1990 (2 years before the USSR was dissolved): $3,480 USD
2000 (when Putin reached power) $1,775 USD
2011 $12,995 USD

Inflation 1995= 197%
2000= 20.8%
2011= 8.8%
Putin's approval rating by May, 2013 = 64%

Increased the reserves by 18 times and GDP by 5.7 times from 2000 to
2010

46 million people took out from extreme poverty conditions
from 1999 (65M)
to 2012 (19M)

Russia ranked 133 out of 174 by the
corruption perception index 2012


Russian mafia

Big privatizations
Corruption

Social, economical and political
stability

Emergence of the middle class

Vladimir Putin
Chief of State: Vladimir Putin
6 years term
Head of Government: Dmitry Medvedev
(appointed by the President and approved by the Duma)

Assembly: Bicameral federal assembly
Federal Council (166 seats) appointed by regional governing councils
State Duma
83 constituencies with a District
Magnitude of 2
1986 - Perestroika
1988 - Glasnot
1991 - USSR
dissolution
90's

Severe economic crisis

High unemployment

Institutions lack of power

Emergence of the Russian mafia

References
The duma requires 50% +1 (226 votes) for the adoption of normative acts. Putin's party has 238 (52.9%)
Federal constitutional laws and constitutional amendments require 2/3 majority (300 votes)
21 Republics
46 Oblasts
9 Krais
4 Autonomous okrugs
1 Autonomous oblast
2 Federal cities
Votes needed for federal constitutional laws or constitutional amendments = 300

United Russia (UR) center right = 238
Fair Russia (FR) center left = 64
Liberal Democrats (LD) far right = 56

UR + FR = 302
UR + LD = 294
What russians think?
Problems to solve in the present/future?

Integration of the civil society demands

Integration of the youth to the UR party
Open new spaces for other voices that cannot be integrated into the party

Find a solution to the decreasing population trend in order to maintain their welfare state

Public policies to foster the populations growth (negative in the last 10 years)

Full transcript