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Oil Spills Before And After

Before and after
by

Mohamed Lotfy

on 18 May 2011

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Transcript of Oil Spills Before And After

BP Oil Spills Historical Background BP, the giant multinational now responsible for untold millions of gallons of oil billowing into the Gulf of Mexico, has taken pains in recent years to spruce up its image. Its logo, a flowery pastel helix, beams earthy friendliness while the company's current tagline — "Beyond Petroleum" — expresses its desire to diversify into sustainable, greener energy. But the scale of the spill — and the seeming inability of the government to staunch the flow without BP's aid — has provided a stark reminder of the power that Big Oil still holds over national politics and the fate of entire communities that live in its shadow. The company made handsome profits through the 1920s and 30s as much of Western society moved toward a world sped along in petroleum-burning automobiles and illuminated by petroleum-burning power plants. The company — renamed the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (AIOC) in 1935 when new leadership in Tehran opted to shift the nation's name away from the archaic "Persia" — operated what was then the world's largest refinery near the city of Abadan. The Problem The health care impact of the massive BP oil spill will be measured in years - not weeks or even months - according to a panel of experts who testified this week before a congressional committee. Because too little is known about the toxicity of the oil, and more specifically about BP's own recipe for chemicals used to disperse the oil, health care problems are likely to last for years and need to be monitored, experts said during their testimony. The BP oil spill is approaching its third month of environmental and health degradation of the Gulf waters and shores. Transocean and BP have a number of lawsuits pending against them for alleged negligence after the Deepwater Horizon rig sunk in the Gulf of Mexico two weeks ago. Previous violations of British health and safety laws are not likely to ease concerns. Solutions BP is currently wading through more than 8,000 suggestions from people around the world on how to kill the well and corral the already-released oil. BP had said it would stem the leak Tuesday by pumping a heavy fluid down the well, a technique known as top kill, but company officials said implementation of the tactic would be delayed a day, The New York Times reported Monday. BP also remains at loggerheads with the Environmental Protection Agency over the toxicity of the chemical dispersant it was spraying on the spill. Last week the EPA ordered BP to find a "less toxic" solution by Sunday, but BP did not comply, claiming the dispersant being used was the safest available, the Times reported. Some federal officials say they've grown tired of waiting for the well to be sealed up. "BP in my mind no longer stands for British Petroleum -- it stands for Beyond Patience," Senate Majority Whip Richard J. Durbin, D-Ill., said. "People have been waiting 34 days for British Petroleum to cap this well and stop the damage that's happening across the Gulf of Mexico." Millions of gallons of crude oil have poured into the gulf since an April 20 explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig that left 11 workers dead. The rig was owned by the Swiss firm Transocean and operated by BP. 3 Problem solvers A. Immediately Reduce the High Pressure Oil and Gas Flow from the Reservoir into the Gulf (Detonate either large conventional or small nuclear device deep down-hole against the real location of the massive oil leak. B. Massive Mobilization and Immediate Mitigation of Gulf Oil Spill by Fleet of Super Tankers with Massive Oil/Water Separators Installed to Sweep/Separate Oil Spill (contact Aramco Experts) – Prime Approach C. Massive Tracking of Underwater Gas/Oil Plumes by Navy Submarines and Reporting of Location of All Underwater Plumes to Appropriate State Environmental Authorities. Predictions for the future BP Oil Spill. The damage of the 2010 oil spill will be talked about for many years to come. Accidents in underwater oil drilling might inspire governmental policy to further restrict this form of acquiring crude oil. Where will the new supply come from? While the tar sands are rich in oil the cost of extraction is also quite high. If oil companies shift their focus to the tar sands, prices will likely increase from 2010. Economic Recovery. 2008 was a year of global economic pain. People spent less during the recession to preserve capital. If the economy improves and demand for overseas products increase once again, global oil consumption from large ships carrying goods around the world will drive crude prices up. Brent Oil

Jan.-March $90.50
April-June $92.50
July-Sept. $105.50
Oct.-Dec. $106.50 NEW YORK -(Dow Jones)- The Energy Information Administration expects oil prices to gradually rise through the end of next year, the agency said Tuesday in its monthly short-term energy outlook. Benchmark U.S. crude oil will on average cost $79.83 a barrel in 2010, up from the previous outlook for $78.67 a barrel, the agency said. Prices are seen increasing from an average $77 a barrel in the first quarter of 2010 to $85 a barrel by the fourth quarter of 2011. In 2011, prices will average $83.50 a barrel, the agency said. Gasoline prices are expected to average $2.84 a gallon this year, up 1 cent from the previous forecast, while diesel prices are seen averaging $2.98 a gallon this year, up 2 cents from last month’s outlook. In 2011, gasoline is seen averaging $2.96 a gallon and diesel $3.14 a gallon. Prices are expected to rise as “the world oil market should gradually tighten in 2010 and 2011, provided the global economic recovery continues as projected,” the EIA said. Economic growth in developed economies that make up the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development should increase from 1.2% in 2010 to 2.7% in 2011. The EIA said that residential heating oil prices will average $2.78 a gallon this winter, up 1 cent from the previous forecast. Work Cited Primary Source Section Clarke & Dawe on the US Oil Spill. Perf. Clarke, John, and Bryan Dawe. 2010, Film. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mSujCHfvTb0>.
Talks about the problems and the solutions. Explains why this is a big event worldwide. How it can affect the lifestyle of many people, and what change we should expect (oil prices, gas prices and sea food ect.).

NRGC - Gulf Oil Spill Solution - Help Stop the BP Oil Leak - Flaws with LMRP Cap. 2010, Film. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YFOp1kft7vc&annotation_id=annotation_676605&feature=iv>.
This video explains multiple ways and solutions to help seal and spot the oil leak. It shows how the solutions may work and how they might not succeed. In full detail it will explain how BP (British Petroleum) plan to stop the oil leak would fail. Secondary Sources Section "Crude Oil Price Forecast and Prediction for 2011."Mining news Gumberg. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.gumbreg.org/crude-oil-price-forecast-and-prediction-for-2011>.
Describes the future oil prices and how that’s going to affect the world economy wise. Explains how the forecast is predicted and how that prices of oil will increase at an exponential rate.

Jonsson, Patrik. "BP oil spill: Five outside-the-box solutions to capping and cleanup." The Christian Science Monitor . N.p., 02/06/2010. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/0602/BP-oil-spill-Five-outside-the-box-solutions-to- capping-and-cleanup>.
Describes five different ways to stop the oil spill. Explains how those solutions might work and why they weren’t used.

"Overlooked BP oil spill problem: Well gushes vast amounts of methane, could create Gulf 'dead zones'." N.p., 18/06/2010. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://blog.al.com/live/2010/06/overlooked_bp_oil_spill_proble.html>.
Describes how the oil spill might affect life in the future, overlooks what happened and how it happened. Explains BP’s plans to stop the spills and explains their reactions. Talks about the environment and what might happen to the animals living in the ocean.

Rinehart, Stephen. "Proposed Solution(s) to Gulf BP Oil Spill." The Market Oracle. N.p., 31/5/2010. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article19923.html>.
Explains 3 different methods on how to close and seal the spill, includes a image of the oil spill underwater. Describing the “top kill” solution and how that solution is supposed to work.

Rowena, Mason. "Gulf of Mexico oil spill: Transocean-BP rig had safety valve problem in UK." The Telegraph. N.p., 05/05/2010. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/energy/oilandgas/7683245/Gulf-of- Mexico-oil-spill-Transocean-BP-rig-had-safety-valve-problem-in-UK.html>.
Describes what the consequences are for BP and Transocean. The lawsuits that are against them, describes other incidents that had happened multiple times due to lack of construction. Explains how this might of happened and why.

Ulferts, Alisa. "Health Care Problems From BP Oil Spill To Last Years, Experts Say." JustMeans. N.p., 19/06/2010. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.justmeans.com/Health-care-problems-from-BP-oil-spill-last- years-experts-say/18969.html>.
Talks about how the oil spill may affect healthcare and how many creatures have died from the oil. "The impacts of this disaster must be considered in the framework in not weeks or months, but years," Kaplowitz said, adding that there is a lack of long-term assessments on the toxicity of oil in the environment (Ulferts). All Citations Clarke & Dawe on the US Oil Spill. Perf. Clarke, John, and Bryan Dawe. 2010, Film. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mSujCHfvTb0>.
Talks about the problems and the solutions. Explains why this is a big event worldwide. How it can affect the lifestyle of many people, and what change we should expect (oil prices, gas prices and sea food ect.).

"Crude Oil Price Forecast and Prediction for 2011."Mining news Gumberg. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.gumbreg.org/crude-oil-price-forecast-and-prediction-for-2011>.
Describes the future oil prices and how that’s going to affect the world economy wise. Explains how the forecast is predicted and how that prices of oil will increase at an exponential rate.

Jonsson, Patrik. "BP oil spill: Five outside-the-box solutions to capping and cleanup." The Christian Science Monitor . N.p., 02/06/2010. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/2010/0602/BP-oil-spill-Five-outside-the-box-solutions-to- capping-and-cleanup>.
Describes five different ways to stop the oil spill. Explains how those solutions might work and why they weren’t used.

NRGC - Gulf Oil Spill Solution - Help Stop the BP Oil Leak - Flaws with LMRP Cap. 2010, Film. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YFOp1kft7vc&annotation_id=annotation_676605&feature=iv>.
This video explains multiple ways and solutions to help seal and spot the oil leak. It shows how the solutions may work and how they might not succeed. In full detail it will explain how BP (British Petroleum) plan to stop the oil leak would fail.

"Overlooked BP oil spill problem: Well gushes vast amounts of methane, could create Gulf 'dead zones'." N.p., 18/06/2010. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://blog.al.com/live/2010/06/overlooked_bp_oil_spill_proble.html>.
Describes how the oil spill might affect life in the future, overlooks what happened and how it happened. Explains BP’s plans to stop the spills and explains their reactions. Talks about the environment and what might happen to the animals living in the ocean.

Rinehart, Stephen. "Proposed Solution(s) to Gulf BP Oil Spill." The Market Oracle. N.p., 31/5/2010. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.marketoracle.co.uk/Article19923.html>.
Explains 3 different methods on how to close and seal the spill, includes a image of the oil spill underwater. Describing the “top kill” solution and how that solution is supposed to work.

Rowena, Mason. "Gulf of Mexico oil spill: Transocean-BP rig had safety valve problem in UK." The Telegraph. N.p., 05/05/2010. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/energy/oilandgas/7683245/Gulf-of- Mexico-oil-spill-Transocean-BP-rig-had-safety-valve-problem-in-UK.html>.
Describes what the consequences are for BP and Transocean. The lawsuits that are against them, describes other incidents that had happened multiple times due to lack of construction. Explains how this might of happened and why.

Ulferts, Alisa. "Health Care Problems From BP Oil Spill To Last Years, Experts Say." JustMeans. N.p., 19/06/2010. Web. 18 May 2011. <http://www.justmeans.com/Health-care-problems-from-BP-oil-spill-last- years-experts-say/18969.html>.
Talks about how the oil spill may affect healthcare and how many creatures have died from the oil. "The impacts of this disaster must be considered in the framework in not weeks or months, but years," Kaplowitz said, adding that there is a lack of long-term assessments on the toxicity of oil in the environment (Ulferts). The End
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