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EBOLA

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by

shannon scott

on 30 March 2015

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Transcript of EBOLA

Source F
Provides information on the quarantine of imported animals the procedures that must be followed
Explains how outbreaks of different diseases, including Simian hemorrhagic fever and other filoviruses, easily infect monkeys who are being quarantined together
It also presents many cases of human infection after laboratory researchers contracted the Marburg virus after handling green monkey tissue
Thank You!
Sources Overview
Rhetorical Analysis
EBOLA
By: Shannon Scott, Kinzie Ervin, and Austen Gohl
The Hot Zone
by
Richard Preston
Ebola Virus
Background Information
SOAPStone
Speaker:
The speaker is Dr. Richard Preston, Ph.D. in English from Princeton University, writer of novels that cover science topics such as disease investigation, bioterrorism, and the redwood forest.
Occasion:
The occasion is the outbreak and first known occurrence of the Ebola virus in the world and the effect it had on the U.S. specifically.
Audience:
The audience is anyone who is interested in Ebola, infectious disease onset, research in viruses, or wants to learn more about Richard Preston and his novels.
Purpose:
The purpose is to educate the public about the impact of Ebola, its dangers, and the struggle to contain it.
Subject:
The subject is the terrifying true stories of the origins of the Ebola virus.
Tone:
The tone is serious and informative.
Source C
"...the blood on the walls may have served as a reminder of the nature of Nature" (Preston 109).
Ethos:
Richard Preston is the author of many science books and is a contributor to the New Yorker. He won the AAAS Westinghouse Award and McDermott Award in Arts from MIT.
Logos:
Richard Preston used logos throughout the entire book to give facts and information about the Ebola virus. Some example are,
"The word
filovirus
is Latin and means "thread virus""(Preston 37),
"The Sudan strain was more than twice as lethal as Marburg virus--its case-fatality rate was 50 percent" (Preston 99)
"By January 24, it had entered Room B, and monkeys in that room started going into shock and dying with runny noses, red eyes, and masklike expressions on their faces" (Preston 359).
Pathos:
Ethos, Pathos, Logos
The combination of the many peoples lives and the horrific effects of the Ebola virus are how Richard Preston used pathos to bring the readers emotions out while reading
The Hot Zone
. Examples of pathos would be:
"Jerry broke the news to her about her father. Nancy was beginning to feel extremely guilty about not going home to be with him as he lay dying" (Preston 282).
"The skin bubbles into a sea of tiny white blisters mixed with red spots known as a maculopapular rash.This rash has been likened to tapioca pudding" (Preston 105).
"The murder of John Jaxx threw Jerry into a paralysis of grief. Time is supposed to heal all things, but time opened an emotional gangrene in Jerry" (Preston 165).
Rhetorical Devices
Chiasmus-
"They did not care to do research on Ebola because they did not want Ebola to do research on them" (Preston 64).
Simile-
"The blood looks as if it has been buzzed in an electrical blender" (Preston 107).
Metonymy-
"...the flow of news coming from upriver was being choked off" (Preston 110).
Metaphor-
"They say that her parents loved her dearly, that she was the apple of their eye" (Preston 111).
Works Cited
Source A
"Exotic Animals Bringing Health Risks with Them." Msnbc.com. The Associated Press, 27 Nov. 2006. Web. 17 Mar. 2015. <http://www.nbcnews.com/id/15919624/ns/us_news-environment/t/exotic-animals-bringing-health-risks-them/#.VQguQI73-iw>.
Source B
Gholipour, By. "Ebola Drug 'ZMapp' Saves Infected Monkeys, Study Shows." LiveScience. TechMedia Network, 29 Aug. 2014. Web. 18 Mar. 2015. <http://www.livescience.com/47618-zmapp-treats-ebola-in-monkeys.html>.
Source C
Ebola Transmission to Humans. Digital image. 12 Mar. 2012. Web. <http://web.stanford.edu/group/parasites/ParaSites2012/Lassa Libby Burch/images/LassaEbolaMarburg_LibbyBurch_3-8-2012_img_4.png>.
Source D
Saey, Tina Hesman. "Airborne Transmission of Ebola Unlikely, Monkey Study Shows: Captive Macaques Did Not Transmit Deadly Virus." Science News 6 Sep. 2014. Print.
Source E
Preston, Richard. "Reston." The Hot Zone. Pages 159-163. New York: Random House, 1994.
Source F
Cristóbal S. Berry-Cabán, Kathryn C. Brue. n.p. Volume 2 Number 1. The Internet Journal of Preventative Medicine, n.d. Web. 19 March 2015. <https://ispub.com/IJPRM/2/1/12768>.
Source G
World Health Organization. Ebola Hits the U.S. Digital image. 30 Sept. 2014. Web. <http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2014/10/02/1412283369193_wps_9_Map_and_chart_showing_cas.jpg>.
Eb·o·la Fe·ver
Noun
An infectious and generally fatal disease marked by fever and severe internal bleeding, spread through contact with infected body fluids by a filovirus (
Ebola virus
), whose normal host species is unknown.
Ebola Death Toll: 2014
Cases: 9,936
Killed: 4,877
Origin
First official case recorded in 1976. Named after a river in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire), near the location in which the disease was first observed.
Personification-
"She worried more about her eyes than anything else. Ebola has a special liking for the eyes" (Preston 279).
Source A

Imported research monkeys are being sold as pets in the open market
Many monkeys may be carriers of a disease that humans can contract
without showing any symptoms
of having the disease
"The government acknowledges it doesn't track where animals go after quarantine"
Side of the Issue:
Stop the importation of foreign animals into the United States
Why was this Source Selected?
It explains the possible dangers & health risks from the importation of foreign animals
It also provides evidence that the three government health organizations (see below) are not working together to help prevent the outbreak of a virus from imported animals
Source B
Source D
Source E
Details the outbreak of the Ebola virus and its transmission through the world as new filovirus
Elaborates on the conditions that the monkeys have to go through when being shipped from foreign countries
Provides information about the occurrence of a new strain of the Ebola virus discovered after Hazelton Research Products received a shipment of macaque monkeys from the Philippines that became infected with the Ebola Reston virus
Why was this Source Selected?
It supports that there is a great risk for laboratory researchers who are dealing with animals that are infected with various viruses
Provides evidence of a human contraction incidence from a monkey
It gives specific facts about people who were infected with a Marburg virus after dealing with monkey specimens
Why was this Source Selected?
An infographic that follows the transmission of the Ebola virus to humans from animals
Details how the virus travels through the food chain in increasing intensities and human exposure
The most likely origination of the virus are bats, monkeys, and chimpanzees
An excerpt from
The Hot Zone
novel
Explains the dangers of the importation of monkeys and gives evidence that an Ebola epidemic was only one monkey house away
Source G
Table of the number of Ebola cases and deaths in the world as of September 30, 2014
Includes a graphic of where most Ebola cases have occurred in the world and it lists the number of confirmed and possible contractions of the Ebola disease by humans
1) CDC: Human health & quarantine of imported animals
2) Agriculture Department: Livestock health & quarantine of imported wild birds
3) Fish and Wildlife Service: Stops illegal animal trade and smuggling of animals to the U.S.
Our Ebola Prompt
Write a synthesis essay in which you develop a position on whether or not the importation of foreign animals for purposes of research about the Ebola virus should be continued in the United States.

Main Info
Main Info
Main Info
Side of the Issue:
Continue the importation of foreign animals into the United States for research purposes
Main Info
Discusses the successful development of an experimental drug for the Ebola virus known as ZMapp.
ZMapp was first tested on 18 monkeys that were infected with the Ebola virus
All monkeys survived and showed no traces of Ebola
This source descibes the importance of conducting preliminary drug testing for viruses on animals before testing on humans
Why was this Source Selected?
This source publicizes a success case with a experimental Ebola drug therefore supporting the argument of someone who thinks that the importation of animals for research should be continued
Since it would be unethical to do preliminary drug testing on humans, this source supports the usage of imported research animals for drug investigation in order to avoid human risk from drug testing
Side of the Issue:
Continue the importation of foreign animals into the United States for research purposes
Main Info
This source discusses a study done where monkey cages were placed next to Ebola-infected pigs in pens and the monkeys became infected with Ebola
This study led researchers to hypothesize that the Ebola virus can be transmitted through the air and infect other species
This hypothesis was refuted after many tests confirmed that Ebola can not be transmitted through the air but rather the Ebola infection in the monkeys was most likely from particles being sprayed from the pig pens onto the monkey cages while the pens were being washed
Why was this Source Selected?
This source contradicts the common belief that Ebola is an airborne virus by describing the result of a study that proved Ebola cannot be transmitted airborne
This source provides a strong argument that it is safe to conduct research on imported animals with the Ebola virus when proper safety precautions are taken because Ebola cannot be transmitted through air particles
Side of the Issue:
Stop the importation of foreign animals into the United States
Side of the Issue:
Stop the importation of foreign animals into the United States
Full transcript