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Transcript of The Crucible
2. A severe test or trial
3. a place or situation in which concentrated forces interact to cause or influence change or development
a situation of severe trial, or in which different elements interact, leading to the creation of something new
What is a crucible?
-Humans share a common need for social responsibility (a “human bond” of integrity).
-Societal problems are often rooted in individual human failings.
-Societies often try to suppress individual freedom in order to maintain social order.
Themes in The Crucible:
Societal problems are often rooted in individual human failings.
* “Individual failings” can be jealousy, greed, lust, vengeance, ignorance, etc.
Trace the theme above through each of the characters we meet in Act I.
CONSIDER: Putnam, Mrs. Putnam, Rev. Hale, Abigail, Tituba, Rev. Parris, Proctor, girls
Welcome to The Crucible
by Arthur Miller
The Head vs. The Heart
Innate Depravity of
Mob Mentality (Hysteria)
The Importance of
a story/play/poem/etc. in which the
reader is pointed to a second meaning beneath the surface one
An extended metaphor:
characters and actions
represent something else
meanings are hidden
behind a story
Salem Witch Trials
-In 1692, 19 innocent
men and women
hanged for witchcraft.
-Four others died in jail while awaiting
-Three factors: a strong belief in the
Devil, divisions in the community, and
strict expectations for children.
Religious Beliefs and
-Puritans followed a strict religious code.
-They believed that sins, no matter
how small, would be punished.
-When neighbors got sick or crops
failed, Puritans did not intervene because they believed it was God’s will.
-Puritans believed that Satan was present in society and would select the weakest people (women, children, and
the insane) to follow him.
-Witches were followers of the
Devil and it was a crime punishable
-There were over 100 hangings in
America in the 1600s.
-The Salem hangings were the last.
Could there be another explanation for the odd behavior...
-The Crucible is a 1953 play by Arthur Miller.
-It is based off the real events and people involved in the Salem Witch Trials.
Let's meet the Characters one will find in The Crucible