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Shakespeare's Life and Times

Social Issues
by

Natalie Miller

on 18 September 2012

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Transcript of Shakespeare's Life and Times

Melissa Hoelting & Natalie Miller Shakespeare's Life and Times:
Social Issues Class Status "Shakespeare" into Google Images Clothing Food Family Life Women's Roles Children Schooling Theater Popular Plays Costumes Audience Shakespeare's Contemporaries The Black Plague Wealthy Lower-Class "Ploughman's Lunch" VS. New foods from
the New World Food Preservation Salt
Picking
Smoking Water Situation Spices QUIZ: Old Elizabethan Recipes 1. T/F: Pudding of Goose Blood is made
with actual goose blood A: Gross but TRUE! 2. What does a bullocks look like?
(Used to make Bullocks Cheeks) 3. What is Haggis? Glorified Sausage:
Miced heart, liver, and lungs
of a sheep stuffed in their stomach Google Images "Triangle Trade" Google Images "Elizabethan Feast" Google Images "Ploughman's Lunch" Google Images "Pickling" Google Images "Elizabethan Pickling" Google Images "Mead" Google Images "British Ale" Google Images "Wine" Google Images "Dirty Water" Google Images "Goose Blood Pie" Google Images "Bullocks" Google Images "Haggis" 4. How did they make
"Green Pudding" green? Juice of Spinach Google Images "Green Pudding" Google Images "Spice Trade Elizabethan" Wealthy/ Elite uncomfortable
lavish
Clothes wear the owners
expensive
ornate
distorted body Style Icon: Queen Elizabeth I Google Images: "Queen Elizabeth I" Google Images "Elizabethan Fashion Neck" Google Images "Elizabethan Fashion" "socially acceptable"
waist size: 13 inches Google Images "Spanish Farthingale" Spanish Farthingale Constricting bodice
whalebone
elongated torso
exaggerate hips
ornate
impression of falling over See shoes for first time
in hundreds of years Women Men paralleled women's fashion
"formal elegance just masking
physical grace and athleticism"
small waist, broad chest, long leg Google Images "Earl of Leicester" Google Images "Elizabethan Fashion Mens" cloaks
course fabrics
padded in chest
ear-high collar
short pants
stockings Middle-Class Kirtle Gown Wool
"Cloth"
Dyed own clothes
no black
green, russet brown
Bum Roll
to give illusion of Farthingale Women's Google Images "Elizabethan Middle Class" Goal: look respectable, neat, and tidy
doublet
small ruff
knee-length pants & stockings Men's Country Dwellers Townspeople Servants one new set of clothing a year from master practical
sturdy
old-fashioned
patched, frayed
white cloth apron Google Images "Henry IV, Part 1" Google Images "Class Distinctions" better dressed than country folk
Women: plain wool gown, kirtle,
and white cloth apron
Men: plain tunic
hats
nothing fancy Accessories hats
coif, caul, taffeta pipkin
bright stockings
blonde hair
high forehead
Gloves (no practical use)
LOTS of thick jewelry Google Images "Taffeta Pipkin" Google Images "Elizabethan Gloves" Google Images "Queen Elizabeth I Pearls" Google Images "Elizabethan Jewelry" Children Mini-Adults Portraits painted for posterity Google Images "Elizabethan Portrait" Hierarchy 1. Monarch 2. Nobility 3. Gentry Wealthy, Land-holding Aristocrats 5. Country Dwellers 4. Merchants 6. Servants, Peasants Citizens 7. Indignets Beggars Source: Elizabethan Era Hierarchy Classes Ranks in Society Google Images: "Queen Elizabeth I", "Elizabethan Nobililty", "Elizabethan Gentry", "Elizabethan Merchant,"Elizabethan Country", "Elizabethan Servant", "Indignet" Elizabethan Era peace and prosperity
leisure time
money to spend on luxuries
beginning of consumer culture
fashion
drama Google Images "Elizabethan Era" Google Images "Elizabethan Era" Walter Raleigh English Aristocrat,
writer, and poet Christopher Marlowe Said to be Shakespeare's only literary peer Google Images "Christopher Marlowe" Google Images "Walter Raleigh" QUIZ 1. Which playwright was killed in a Bar fight?
a. Walter Raleigh
b. Christopher Marlowe 2. What product was Raleigh credited with bringing to England?
a. Tobacco
b. Whale Oil
c. Fur b. Marlowe :( a. Tobacco Shakespeare! Henry VI
Taming of the Shrew
Romeo and Juliet
Othello QUIZ Start to build theaters ("The Theatre")
Social activity
Form of recreation
Attracted all levels of society
seated at different levels 1. How many plays did Shakespeare write?
a. 32
b. 37
c. 39 2. What movie is based off of "Twelfth Night"? A: 37! Google images "Globe Theatre Diagram" theaters could hold 1500 people
flags displayed what play
white
black
red gentry rich women would wear masks Since plays and theaters were relatively new, actors wore the dress of the day (Elizabethan-style) Color Recognition
could tell a lot about a character by their costume
nobility: deep black, white, indigo, crimson
also fabrics (fur, velvet, etc.)
Sumptuary Laws Inheritance
Titles of Nobility Military Service
Elizabethan knights
Sir Thomas Smith's definition of a gentleman
jobs of gentleman
knights
esquires and simple gentlemen Towns
journey to a master Freeholders
leaseholders
copyholders
yeomen proportion of population
relationship of servant to employer People who made up the poor
Elizabethan solution to vagrancy Gender as a determining factor
subordination
widows
women in economy
domestic tasks
home industries family-oriented society
members of the household
social class Childbirth and Baptism midwife
Baptism/Christening
godparents
churching
not only a religious event
naming
infant mortality Early Years first six years
nursing
beds and clothes
playing
similarities among classes
separation of genders Petty School
Grammar School
tutors
education of girls
university Children not in school work around the house
country children
difference between girls and boys
more work comes with age
age 14
confirmation
potential military service Marriage full status
economic independence
age
betrothal
parental permission
"banns"
celebration and traditions Aging and Life Expectancy prime of life
old age
life expectancy
Bubonic Plague Death will
inheritance
parish bells Forgeng, Jeffrey L. Daily Life in Elizabethan England. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1995. Print. Work Cited FUN
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