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Depression HCPSS

BMMS
by

Jacquie Sica

on 20 November 2015

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Transcript of Depression HCPSS

Depression, is a mood disorder in which every day the person feels intense sadness. This persistent sadness lasts more than 2 weeks and affects the entire person.
Definition:
14.8 million American adults experience depression, which is 6.7% of the U.S. population
1 in 8 teenagers will experience depression
OVER 300,000 Iraq/Afghanistan veterans have been depressed
Women are 70% more likely to experience depression then men
Statistics
Depression
Some possible causes include

Brain chemistry
Genetics
Stress
Seasons & daylight
Life Events
Family & Social Environment
Health Conditions & Hormonal changes
Brain Chemicals
Functions...
Sleeping patterns are often disrupted because of depression. The person may wake at odd hours and not be able to return to sleep which upsets the person's circadian rhythm (internal "clock"). Fatigue is a common effect. Many patients feel phantom pain, a pain with no clear medical cause, such as headache, backache, or adominal pain.
Psychological Effects
sadness
hopelessness
low self- esteem and confidence
guilt/worthless feelings
easily annoyed
agitated
no enthusiasm
poor memory
difficulty concentrating
difficulty making decisions
little is achieved
In Social Context:
A depressed person often will not seek help and the family may not recognize the behavior as depressed instead they may only see "moping about." There is also a very strong stigma that people who need medication are weak.
Depression tends to cause gloomy and irritable behavior, so it is difficult make or keep friends. Friends are a good source of support but are difficult to maintain.
Signs & Symptoms of Depression:
must be persistent for a long period of time.
* depressed mood
* irritability, anger or outbursts
* loss of interest or pleasure
* withdrawal from friends & family
* weight loss or gain
* change in sleep patterns
* fatigue/tiredness
* feeling of worthlessness or
guilt
* problems concentrating
* thoughts of death or suicide
Depression has affected many of my friendships by sapping the energy needed to be a good friend and maintain friendships, and by causing me to withdraw from friends. It's also affected romantic relationships in a similar way. I wouldn't say that it's caused the breakup of any romantic relationships, but it's been a contributing factor once or twice.
-Amy, Kansas City, Missouri
I feel flat, helpless. Often panicky, trapped, hopeless. Sometimes crying and great sadness, other times just numb. Feelings of worthlessness are common.
-Anne, Los Angeles
When depressed, I feel dark, numb, scared, naturally self-blaming, seemingly unable to move, both literally and figuratively ~ with a hopeless feeling. Other feelings ~ cynical, empty inside and worthless.
-Larry, Enflewood, New Jersey
Treatments
(Kramilinger)
* Genetics and stressful events can cause the chemicals in the brain to become unbalanced.

1. Counseling/psychotherapy
(talking with a trained specialist can affect be very effective)

2. Antidepressant medications
(such as Prozac, Zoloft, etc.)


How do you help a friend who
you think might be depressed?

* Tell a counselor, parent or teacher
you trust. You can either bring your
friend with you or go alone.
*Let your friend know that you care about them and are concerned about
how they have been feeling lately.
*Don't leave him or her alone if they are talking about hurting themselves.
* The result is that part of the brain cannot function normally.
* These medications balance the brain chemicals, but can take up to 2 weeks to start working and ONLY work when someone's chemicals are actually not balanced. It is not a "HAPPY" pill.
Full transcript