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Ancient China: Philosophy & War

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Christene Stratman

on 18 September 2015

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Transcript of Ancient China: Philosophy & War

Ancient China: Philosophy & War
Decline of the Zhou
Confucius
Philosophy
Problem:
Respect for one's elders
Five Constant Relationships
Ruler and Ruled
Parent and Child
Husband and Wife
Elder Sibling and Junior Sibling
Elder Friend and Junior Friend

Remember the Shang Dynasty?
& the Mandate of Heaven (
tian
)
(Kong Fu Zi)
Passed over for appointment after appointment
Loyal band of disciples
Hated the chaos that he saw around him
A sage and philosopher who lived during the Zhou decline (551-479 B.C.E)
Social Disorder
Chaos
Solution:
ren
humaneness
li
ritual etiquette
"The duty of children to their parents is the fountains, whence all other virtues spring"
Before Confucius, Chinese were concerned with Heaven & Ancestors
Now we should focus on our OWN actions
"If the people are led by laws, and uniformity is given to them by punishments, they will try to avoid the punishment, but have no sense of shame. If they are led by virtue, and uniformity is given to them by social rules of propriety, they will have the sense of the shame, and moreover will become good."
Laws don't make people good
Li & Ren (ritual etiquette + humaneness)
make people good
Optimistic view of human nature
Daoism
founder: Laozi
focused on harmony with natural world
The Way (Dao)
"The Way is humble like water which flows downward and seeks the lowest place"
Wuwei
The principle of inaction
Daodejing
The Way of the Dao
most frequently translated Chinese classic
Filial Piety
Full transcript