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Individuals and Groups

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by

Guy McDermott

on 7 May 2014

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Transcript of Individuals and Groups

CAFS Syllabus
This module explores the role that individuals and groups play in meeting the specific needs of individuals, families and communities. Students explore the importance of building positive interpersonal relationships in order to promote a sense of belonging among individuals, families and social groups.
This Preliminary module also provides students with the opportunity to examine the nature of groups and why they form. Students explore the various roles individuals adopt within groups in order to establish an environment where goal achievement is enhanced and the wellbeing of individuals and groups is promoted. In doing so, they examine power bases
and the nature of leadership and explore their significance as a determinant of group effectiveness.
Core 2: Individuals and Group
Social Stereotypes
There are various GROUPS in SOCIETY that form for a variety of reasons.
Groups in the Community
Norms
Norms, Conformity and Cohesiveness
ACTIVITY: Brainstorm as many different names for groups as you can. eg Team, Tribe
The reasons for the formation of groups are varied, and often involve more than one factor. A group’s formation might be related to its members’ locality or geography, their gender, shared interests or common goals, their sense of security, sexuality, specific needs, social interactions, culture/ religion or other factors.
Generally, people feel more secure if they are in a group. Group formation is vital to the
wellbeing of human society, as having a sense of belonging and connectedness allows us to feel that we are valued and worthwhile.
Reasons for Group Formation
Individuals and Groups
Preliminary Community and Family Studies
Locality/geography
Reasons for Groups Formation
Specific Roldes of Individuals
Group Work
Roles may be classified as follows:

Task-oriented - ensure tasks are achieved

Socioemotional - maintain/ build relationships

Destructive - influence the group's progress
Define Group
Two or more people or things that are located, gathered, or classed together
Imagine it was your first day at Woonona High School. As you walk around the school grounds list as many different groups as you can see.
List as many groups as you can that you are involved in?
Identify reasons for why each groups has formed?
Security
Reasons for Groups Formation
Social Interaction
Reasons for Groups Formation
When a group forms, various roles are adopted by the individual members.
Roles Individuals Adopt within Groups
Locality refers to a particular district, place or situation, while geography refers to the landscape in terms of characteristics such as physical features, climate and population. Individuals might form groups as a result of where they live.
Gender
One aspect of gender relates to a person’s biological sex—that is, whether they are male or female. People often form groups based on their sex.
A shared interest or common goal is something such as a subject or hobby that an individual enjoys and can jointly engage in with others. This type of group forms because members are likely to spend time together working on or engaging in their shared interest or goal.
Share Interest/ Common Goal
Security can refer either to a feeling of being safe and secure, or to something that gives a person this feeling. Groups are often formed on the basis of a need for this feeling of safety.
A person’s sexuality refers to their sexual preference or sexual orientation. Some people are attracted to the opposite sex, while others are attracted to the same sex, or to both. In today’s society, people who are same-sex attracted still face a lot of harassment and abuse.
Sexuality
A specific need refers to a particular thing or course of action that is required by an individual. Group formation can occur when a group of people have in common a specific need that must be met. Sometimes, once the need has been met, the group may be disbanded.
Specific Need
Social interaction refers to how people relate to each other and form relationships. Social skills are an essential part of human development and are fostered from a young age.
Culture refers to the ideas, customs and traditions of a particular group of people. It would be an overwhelming experience for someone to move to another country and have to cut all ties with their own language, traditions and customs.
Culture
ROLES
These roles refer to the levels of expectations, commitment and the behaviour associated with each individual.
Various roles are needed for a group to be successful in completing the tasks or goals that the group has set itself.
Conformity
Cohesiveness
Identify examples of Norms, Conformity and Cohesiveness at Woonona High School?
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